How England Prevented Science Education in Sri Lanka

 ‘Before you study the economics, study the economists!

e-Con e-News 7-13 November 2021

England’s abolition of Queen’s College in Colombo in 1870 was a blow to would-be engineering students in Sri Lanka. In colonized India, engineering schools were producing engineers by the 1850s, yet this was blocked here. The English thus thwarted education in the real sciences and arts.

     By arts, ee means not the so-called ‘fine arts’. Not frames hanging off walls or ‘poetry slams’, as promoted by European cultural agencies like the British Council, German Goethe Institute, Alliance Francaise, or ‘American’ Centre. ee means the real arts that make our world move forward – the making of machines that make machines. The engineers produced here now appear to know nothing of such modern production (see ee Focus, English Prevention of Technical Training Facilities in Sri Lanka).

• The origins of the cyanide capsule for suicide during war in Sri Lanka, has been traced to the English here during their World War 2. They brought Chinese here from Canada to train as suicide fodder. They also disguised those Chinese to act as a Japanese invasion force, marching from Galle to Colombo, to test the ‘loyalty’ of the local population. The suicide capsule – L-pill – was invented by English & US secret services, and was later introduced to the LTTE (see, Random Notes).

• ‘English corruption was soon apparent within 2 years of their invasion in 1795. The Physician General noted that officers, who were rewarded with arrack & toddy rents, were promoting alcoholism in the ranks. The English Eastern Collector almost went to war with the English Trincomalee Commandant over arrack sales. The Colombo Collector was profiteering from rice. The Commissary General sold bad pork to troops. Hugh Cleghorn, first colonial English Chief Secretary in Lanka, was sacked for embezzling state money from the pearl fishery!’ (ee Focus, English Invasion)

• The testing of the Chinese organic fertilizer was done by German lab Schutter Global Inspection & Survey Co Ltd. The media refuses to divulge Schutter’s links to European exporters of chemical fertilizers, like Unilever, Ceylon Tobacco Co, Baurs’, etc., who have been vociferous in their denunciation of the Sri Lankan government’s organic policy.

     The organic certification industry has been hijacked. This does not mean we should continue to grow and eat toxic food. The need to control agriculture multinationals, who have the power to subvert national policy, is key to preventing poisoned cultivators and consumers. In the US organic industry, farmers pay private certifiers, thousands of dollars. The certifiers have a conflict of interest, because they really don’t want to blow the whistle on fraud… (Random Notes)

ee dislikes the confusing term, ‘neoliberalism’. The latest phase of capitalism, that neoliberalism seeks to explain, is this: capital without a working class opposition, with unions, if any, reduced to bargaining for private gain (ee Workers, Neoliberalism).

     This is what JR Jayawardena delivered in July 1980 by sacking 50,000 workers in one blow, launching decades of terrorism. This was done at the behest of the Employers Federation of Ceylon (ee Focus, Bosses).

     The media only mentions unions when there are strikes, with images usually showing people holding up banners, shouting on picket lines. There’s absolutely no discussion allowed in capitalist media about the terms and conditions of most workers. Unorganized workers are subjects of media pity, like stray dogs. The business media, meanwhile, is full of headlines of companies claiming ‘Best Workplace’, ‘Most Gender-inclusive’ etc. Who on earth are they kidding? And what do advertising agency workers think about writing such copy?

• The media is dedicated to spreading amnesia. Journalism is about writing for today so as to be forgotten tomorrow.

     The Bank of Ceylon was set up because the English banks dominating Sri Lanka, would not lend to Sinhala people. They would lend to Chettiar and other Indian merchant sects, who would then lend to people at enormous interest rates.

     Banking reform is the need of the hour. The budget makes no mention of this. Banks have grown fat on the largesse of Modern Monetary Theory (MMT, money printing). But they must be forced to invest in local modern production: This finds no words between the teeth of the Finance Minister (Random Notes).

ee is no expert on budgets. There’s a big difference between ‘proposals’ (which use the grammatical infinite future tense, as in ‘We propose to…’) and implementation. There may be some good policies but they’re more like frameworks for policies. Until the actual ‘accounts’ are publicized, it’s hard to comment.

     Current exports are all highly dependent on expensive imported inputs! Some ee analysts insist the only way the government can run the economy right now is to expand import substitution (especially in energy, food, machinery, etc.) and the printing of money (which some call MMT). to finance real import substitution. The current Yugadhanavi fiasco is meant to prevent self-sufficiency in energy.

     The capitalist media priority is to demand devaluation of the rupee (which has been going on unabated since the 1960s). They then demand selling off national assets and public corporations that provide a public good. And most important of all, they attack any remaining working-class power, which is the only powerful means of public oversight.

• There’s very little governments are allowed to do to redistribute wealth in a modern economy, says former Greek Finance minister Yanis Varoufakis – and he’s referring to European countries. Markets are being replaced by platforms, which hide profits and pay no taxes. Governments are being taken over by technofeudalists, like Google, Facebook. Central Banks are now slaves and can only print money to bail out banks. Workers are exploited at work & at home – every time they open an app, apps make money. Google and Facebook are secretly taking over the national health service in England (ee Economists, Technofeudalists).

Contents:

A1. Reader Comments

• Interesting Titbits! • Education Reproduces Class • ee presents no Solutions • Industrialization or War • Ricardo the CIA on SL

A2. Quotes of the Week

• Multinationals & the Budget • SJB was Organic Once • Taliban 2.0 is different says Top English Warmonger • US Healthcare for Army Bigger than War Budget • Early Welfare for Genocidal White Settlers • Sanders Pushed Socialism Right • Biden Sabotaging Nicaragua • Capitalism in Crisis Before Corona

3. Random Notes

• English-in-SL Cyanide Capsule Origins • Translation & Enslavement • Sinhala & Industrialization • Munidasa & Modern Sinhala • Multinational Shareholders Minus the Vote • Companies Certifying Companies • Dance of the Budget • Banking Reform is the Need of the Hour • World Bank Hates Public Transport • Banks & Finance Company Ripoffs

B. ee Focus       

B1. English Prevention of Technical Training Facilities in Sri Lanka

B2. The Only Actual ‘Trade Union’ Allowed is for the Bosses!

B3. The English Invasion of Lanka, 1796-9

C. News Index

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A1. Reader Comments

ee thanks Readers who send articles of interest. Please excerpt or summarize what is important about any news sent, or your comments, and place any e-link at the end. Email: econenews@gmail.com

• Re: Germany Delivers Sermons, Wow…. full of interesting titbits.’

• ‘Education systems almost everywhere try to reproduce the status quo and the class system’

• ‘ee does not present solutions – Only saying we need a political, economic and military strategy for industrialization.’

• ‘Unless there is modern industrialization, there will be war in Sri Lanka again. Soon.’

• ‘Why is CIA man Ricardo Hausmann still commenting on SL’s economy?’ (see ee Economists, Summit)

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A2. Quotes of the Week_

• ‘Highlighting the important multinational companies’ (MNC) perspectives, Monday’s (Nov 15) event is set to be the first hybrid post-Budget forum [to publicize the] views of several international MNCs, including Standard Chartered Bank (also the Strategic Partner of the forum), GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), A Baur & Co., leading retailer SPAR International, CEAT, and Airtel.’ – ee Economists, FT Forum

• ‘Stern action should be taken on synthetic chemicals used in agriculture. Stern action also should be taken on imported food items contaminated with synthetic chemicals. Importers of agro chemicals and chemically contaminated food would be a powerful lobby with certain political backing. However, truth, nature and compassion are the ultimate power blocks that would stand up for humankind.’ – SJB’s Champika Ranawaka: dailymirror.lk/article/agro-chemicals–the-silent-killer-in-sri-lanka-33018.html

• ‘Taliban 2.0 is different. There are a lot of people in Taliban 2.0 who would like to govern in a more modern way, but they are divided among themselves, as political entities so often are… If the less-repressive elements end up gaining greater control… then I think there’s no reason to suppose that Afghanistan over the next 5 years might not turn out into a country that is more inclusive than it might have been otherwise… I think it is too early to say that defeat has occurred. Victory here needs to be measured in the results and not some great military extravaganza.’ – English General Sir Nick Carter, Chief of the Defence Staff – see ee Sovereignty, Game Changer

• ‘Sanders and AOC pushed the definition of socialism right much more than they’ve pushed people towards the Left.’ – Moon of Alabama

• ‘Even before the pandemic struck, global capitalism had been in a period of depression exhibited by low economic growth and poor productive investment and, above all, by low and falling profitability of capital – the key ingredient of ‘twilight capitalism’.’ ee Economists, Twilight

• ‘The combined cost of US healthcare for the 3 US armed services is ‘bigger than the Army’s budget for buying new weapons… US colonies provided pensions since their earliest days to men disabled while defending the colonies from Native uprisings. This coverage was extended to militiamen during the Revolutionary War, and the Continental Congress established pensions for the army and navy independent of the activities of the colonial legislatures…’ This history ‘shows how Congress used pensions to provide replacement income for soldiers injured in battle, to offer performance incentives, to arrange for orderly retirements, and to respond to political pressures.’ – Cowen, Military Workfare

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A3. Random Notes (‘Seeing Number in Chaos’)_

• The Cyanide Capsule’s English-in-SL Origins: ‘He told of poisonous snakes and scorpions, being overrun by monkeys, night parachute training, a bout of malaria, relaxing with mahjong and whisky after a full day’s training at his commando group’s base in what is now Sri Lanka… Ronald Lee had been part of Force 136, a group of 150 Chinese from British Columbia, Canada recruited as special forces to operate behind Japanese lines. Each was issued a cyanide pill to avoid torture, if captured… As the War in the Pacific intensified, England’s top-secret Special Operations Executive (SOE), designed to spearhead sabotage and foment resistance behind enemy lines, realized the worth of Chinese in Canada who spoke Chinese and could blend in with local populations. The SOE pressed Canada into accepting them into the military, as Force 136… They trained rigorously, in Canada and at bases scattered about Asia, where they learned the basics of jungle survival, guerrilla combat and the art of silent killing.’ – theglobeandmail.com/canada/british-columbia/article-remembrance-day-exhibit-celebrates-96-year-old-wwii-veteran-ronald-lee/

Translation was key to the enslavement of the country. English spy John D’Oyly, who ee calls the patron saint of the English Department, entered the country under the guise of a ‘writer’ for the English East India Company. D’Oyly learned Sinhala to undermine the leadership of montane Sinhale. Translation, for such practitioners, was a one-way street. Like early language grammars and dictionaries, translation was for information gathering and for communicating commands. Not for enlightening the ‘native’ about the secrets of the ongoing industrial revolution in England. The latest 19thC scientific knowledge was not translated into Sinhala. This translation of artisanal knowledge was notably done early into other non-European languages, like Japanese, Hebrew.

• Most ‘Sinhala’ words for the latest industrially produced ‘modern’ gadgets in daily use in both rural and urban life come from foreign ‘brands’. Sometimes imported machinery, like mechanical cutters and combine harvesters, are eventually given local monikers, like tsunami and boothaya. These machines are apparently popular due to the high cost of (rural) workers, despite high unemployment (ie a labor surplus!). No discussion of the art and science of machines making machines is ever found in the local media. Mo discussion of employing this rural surplus labor in industrialization designed to augment the rice production cycle.

• ‘The scholar here who saw the importance of a modernized Sinhala was Kumaratunge Munidasa. He saw clearly, as none before him had, the need for a new vocabulary, a new lexicon for modernity and went about coining it…

     In the long stretch of time since 1500, there was no attempt unlike in Japan to translate material from European languages to Sinhala. Nor was there a deliberate plan, as among Jews in Palestine, to develop Sinhala to meet the challenges of disseminating modern knowledge, leave aside discovering new knowledge. Universities in the country did not see the urgency or the weight of the requirement. By default, the strategy for diffusing modern knowledge was left to that of learning English.’

– thenationaltrust.lk/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Sinhala-Attitude-to-Knowledge.pdf

Nimal Perera among Nestle Lanka’s top 10 shareholders, cries the headlines. But the problem is this: Multinationals operating in Sri Lanka, love to highlight local shareholders and ‘executives’ Yet, there are shares and there are shares, and only few shareholders have ‘voting rights’. One can own 2 shares and others can have thousands, but if those 2 shares have the only voting rights, they own and run the company, while others are mere coupon clippers collecting the drips and drops of dividends.

     The law governing the contracts for the sale of the Yugadhanavi power plant is the Law of England & Wales, where Sri Lanka will be ‘in a very disadvantageous and powerless position’. This deal recalls the Sterling Companies allowed to operate in Sri Lanka, which for many years after ‘independence,’ functioned ‘outside the legal framework of the country.’ They could be controlled only by English citizens and were subject to English law (ee Focus, The Only Actual ‘Trade Union’ Allowed is for the Bosses!).

     Speaking of economic illiteracy in the media, why do quarterly earnings sometimes refer to the ‘first quarter’ as ‘March to May’ while others refer to the same period as the ‘second quarter’? Is July to September, the 3rd Quarter of 2021 or the 2nd quarter of 21-22 (or 2Q22)? It’s both.

‘Organic’ certifications are provided by corporations, and not by the state. This is a major part of the problem. Inspection really is the key to quality. Where quality assessment is subject to conflicting monetary interests, naturally, quality often suffers. It’s utterly predictable. For the same reason, private medical care and private pharmaceutical companies should be banned and all in-house issued quality certificates should be disregarded when lives depend on the quality being ‘certified’. (see Agriculture, Organic Fraud).

The Dance of the Budget – The pas de deux opens with pirouettes by white envoys renewing visits to ‘trouble spots’, particularly coastal areas, around the country, and especially the north and the east, to obtain economic concessions in return for soft-peddling ‘human rights’ blasts. Then come the variations: the thunderous march pasts, with dockings by warships, mutterings against Chinese threats, mouthings of ‘peace and reconciliation’, while vending weapons of retail and mass destruction. Then come the sweet music of multinationals, from Unilever, and CTC to IOC, calling for more market access, land for exports rather than for local production of goods for local consumption, for less state intervention, etc. Then their thinktanks sing chorus: from Advocata to Verite to supposedly government-linked Institute of Policy Studies, calling to sell off national assets, eg public corporations, which they call SOEs. But their main enemy is the working class, and reducing workers’ rights – ‘flexibility’ is their real demand. This is the coda, the final pas de deux!

Banking reform is the need of the hour. The budget makes no mention of this. The need to insist that banks, having been the happy recipients of the largesse of Modern Monetary Theory (MMT, money printing) invest in local modern production, finds no words between the teeth of the Finance Minister. Otherwise, funds lavishly endowed on banks just pour into the stock market, which is a total fraud. But look how earnestly the media reports the stock market’s ups and downs.

     The Stock Market exhibits banks as staid sober institutions. Yet banks, both local and foreign, as well as those ‘development banks’ of Euro and Anglo-North-American origin, hide behind finance companies. These finance companies entrap local cultivators and workers into paying exorbitant funds to buy foreign-made machines. And goods. Even worse, is the unofficial entrapment by officials of finance companies who operate under the table for those who don’t qualify – the poorest of the poor. Meanwhile Sri Lanka’s rural home market, which could serve as the basis of modern industrialization, is hijacked by Unilever, et, promoted by banks like Standard Chartered, who hide behind ‘’finance companies’ leasing imported machined goods.

• A World Bank report is wringing its hands on the terrible toll from road accidents in Sri Lanka. But it does not mention one word about the need for public transportation! Instead it promotes ‘infrastructure’ not to aid industrialization but for joyriding tourists! Thus we found this part of the Financial Ministry’s Budget speech interesting: ‘We have expanded our diplomatic relations with bilateral and multilateral agencies as has never been done in our history. The World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the EU, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the Kuwait Fund, the French Development Agency, the Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA), the OPEC Fund for International Development, and all agencies aligned with the UN are working very closely with us. In addition, I am honoured to state that these organizations are prepared to assist our country immediately in times of need.’ It’s these same development agencies that are behind the unregulated predatory finance companies parasiting off rural debt.

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B. Special Focus_

B1. The English Prevention of Technical Training Facilities in Sri Lanka

WMDD Andradi’s book, subtitled English Educated in Official Life 1865-83, made an attempt:

‘to discuss the extent to which educated ‘natives’ were employed in the technical departments of the public service and to examine the factors which favoured or hindered their admission to and prospects in those departments.

     In the early years particularly, the main factor disqualifying them from entry into the technical services, especially in the higher grades, was obviously their lack of special technical training. If the higher grades of the Public Works, Survey and Railway Departments were almost invariably recruited from abroad… the general disparity between the professional educational attainments of the higher grades of European officers and the ‘native’ subordinates was too patent not to be observed even by the most touchy ‘native.’ Accordingly ‘native’ dissatisfaction was directed not so much against a lack of appointments as against the lack of facilities for obtaining a technical education.

     There was a growth in the number of educated Ceylonese youth passing out from the schools in this period, and likewise marked expansion in the technical services on the island. But it was in 1870, that any effective step was taken to marry the needs of the services to the rising expectations of the English-educated. Otherwise such technical training as the ‘natives’ could acquire had to be sought from the Government Factory maintained by the Public Works Department, from the Railway Factory, or, as in the Botanical Gardens, from practical working experience. The abolition in 1870 of the Queen’s College, the collegiate section of the Colombo Academy, which had been affiliated to the Calcutta University, even closed down one avenue to would-be engineering students.

     This was a particular blow, as the Examiner bitterly complained, since it had been the link with an India in which provision of technical training had been growing (Overland Examiner, 22/11/1879). James Thomason, Lt-Governor of the North Western Provinces, an enthusiast for canal and road construction, had established an Indian Engineering College at Rurki as early as 1848, and by 1850 this institution was already supplying engineers to the Public Works Department. Another College of Engineering was established at Sibpur near Calcutta, and the engineering class opened at Elphinstone College, Bombay, in 1844 had developed in 1854 into the Poona Civil Engineering College, and in 1865 into a College of Science affiliated to Bombay University and educating candidates for an Engineering degree. The Madras Civil Engineering College, affiliated to the Madras University in 1877, also prepared students for engineering degrees (Cambridge History of the British Empire V, pp337; 363. Armitage, WG, A Social History of Engineering, 163).

     The closing down of Queen’s College further weakened Ceylon’s link with this expanding scientific side of Indian University life, and it was offset by no new developments within the country. Obviously the needs and resources of Ceylon were very small in comparison with those of India, but this was perhaps all the more reason for facilitating Ceylonese entry into the Indian university system.

     The Examiner had complained of a particular injury to ‘native’ prospects, but in 1876 the Tamil member of the Legislative Council raised the whole question of technical and scientific education in its widest form. In a motion before the Council, he pressed for the encouragement of education in Science & the Arts, defining the latter not as the fine arts but ‘technology’ or ‘industrial arts.’ He reminded the Council that the Education Committee of 1867 had pressed, even at that early date, for more science teaching. The 6th question asked by that Committee in the questionnaire to witnesses, was, as to whether in the Ceylon schools more words than ideas were taught, and whether it was advisable to impart a knowledge of ‘physical facts and physical sciences.’

     There had been a consensus as to the importance of such teaching. Paragraph 69 of the Report of the Committee had pointed out that while the Roman Classics should not be neglected, they should not engross too much of the time of the students: mathematics, pure and mixed, should form an essential part of the studies and the need for greater attention to ‘natural philosophy’ and’ physical sciences’ was stressed. (Debates, Legislative Council, 1876, p178.)

     Coomaraswamy likewise quoted the views of Sendall, the Director of Public Instruction, on the importance of teaching physical sciences in the education of ‘orientals.’ He also quoted the views of Anthoniz, a teacher of a Central School, and a ‘native.’ Anthoniz, in his evidence to the Commission, had endeavoured to impress the importance of the Physical Sciences on the authorities.

     Boys were interested in science education, but he (Anthoniz) regretted that the requirements of the examinations had forced him to devote less time to it than was desirable. Others like Spaulding and Hawkins had also stressed the importance of these studies. Although all these had agreed on the importance of teaching science, nothing had so far been done, Coomaraswamy complained, to carry out those views. While he was in England, Coomaraswamy had drawn the attention of the authorities to the subject:

… the real and most useful knowledge which can be imparted to us Orientals is after all an acquaintance with physical facts. Our fault has hitherto consisted in not attending to them. The study of nature and her laws appears to have been neglected in the East for a long time. To that neglect, to a great extent, must be attributed our decadence in the scale of nations. We studied words. We wrote perfect grammars, profound dictionaries …poetry and speculated in metaphysics of a transcendental character. We… remained long under the spell of fascinating but comparatively fruitless learning.

     ‘Will this council then perpetuate the system under which we degenerated,’ Coomaraswamy asked, ‘and not give us the advantage of European civilization, its very life blood’ – the scientific knowledge and the industrial arts?’

     If in England, where the nation is practical to a fault, physical sciences are necessary to be taught… that any remnants of superstition… may be swept away and the people uplifted to a higher level… how much more necessary is similar teaching here, where superstition and ignorance… exist to an unknown extent. The surest means of removing this is by indoctrinating us with scientific knowledge. So only can improvement be engrafted on the Asiatic minds. Their old superstitions must crumble away and their crude notions of men and things be dispelled in the face of positive facts. The logic of this is irresistible (Debates, Legislative Council, 1876, p179).

     Coomaraswamy’s impassioned plea for scientific education was couched in the most approved terms. Doubtless, he realized however that what he considered to be theoretically desirable had after all a more mundane and practical significance. Scientific and technical education was a means to secure employment in the Public Service. Referring to the view held by some, that it was not necessary to educate the people as it made them anxious ‘for Government appointments,’ Coomaraswamy asked whether ‘natives’ were entirely to blame for yearning only to be government clerks, proctors and advocates. They could only enter such positions as their education opened to them. The education hitherto available had fitted them only for those positions. Some got a knowledge of English and a few got a knowledge of Latin and Greek. The learned professing ‘full to overflowing there was no room for others to enter them.’

     Under these circumstances, the government should open facilities for science education in the schools. But besides, the Public Works and Survey Departments should be utilized to a great extent for training ‘natives’ on technical lines. He added that the demand for officers in these departments was daily increasing. Even if there were no other, this alone was sufficient reason for the extended training of Ceylonese. Technical staff should be recruited from the people of the country duly trained, rather than by importations from England: if men were not available now it was because no training facilities were provided.

     The Examiner in the same year stressed the need for such facilities. It complained that the English University Scholarships awarded to ‘natives’ annually to proceed abroad for higher education confined them to Oxford & Cambridge. In order to enable Ceylonese to qualify as engineers and surveyors it urged that the winners of these awards should be allowed to follow professional courses. The Government, declared the Examiner, rested satisfied with offering the scholars a liberal education ‘without bestowing a thought on the after-life-career of those students.’ (Overland Examiner, 28/11/76.) The legal and medical professions were already getting overcrowded, while the mechanical arts still promised fair scope for ‘natives.’ The paper also drew attention to the imperfect nature of the science taught at St Thomas’ College and the Colombo Academy. (Overland Examiner, 17/9/72, 22/11/79.) It urged the setting up of an exclusive College of Civil and Mechanical Engineering to supply the deficiency.

     Despite Coomaraswamy’s appeals to the gods of Victorian England and the complaints of the Examiner, the Ceylon government showed itself very unenthusiastic about the advancement of scientific education. Replying to Coomaraswamy in the Legislative Council, the Auditor General asked whether the Government was justified in spending great sums on higher education when large parts of the island had no ‘vernacular’ schools. He reaffirmed that it was government policy that until each group of villages had a village school no larger expenditure be incurred on higher education. The Colonial Secretary for his part rested the case for inaction upon the useful classes already being conducted at the Factory of the Public Works Department, and the training given in the Railway Engineer’s and Survey Departments.

     Thus, up to the very end of our period (1883), no new initiative in this direction was taken. (It should be noted of course that the provision of professional training of this sort was a late development in England itself. Coopers’ Hill Engineering College had been established in 1871 to provide engineers for India. Only about the year 1852 was the Science and Arts Department at South Kensington placed under the Board of Trade and began holding examinations. After the Devonshire Commission’s Report of 1875, a National Scheme of Technical Education was contemplated leading to the formation of the City and Guilds Institute in 1880: Curtis, SJ, History of Education in Great Britain, p492-96).

     The limited number of superior technical officers required for the Colony continued to be recruited from England, while the ‘natives’ needed for the lower grades were given such training as was possible in different departments and associated organs. However during the period of this study (1865-83), the technical departments had been reorganized and considerably augmented. An increasing interest in these branches was being evinced by educated ‘natives,’ and it was clear that their entry to these new spheres of employment could not much longer be delayed.

     (excerpt from: SL Subordinates of the British: English-educated Ceylonese in the Official Life of Ceylon 1865-83, WMDD Andradi) ee wishes to remind that England’s making of machines that made machines flourished from the 1850s and 1860s, and led to “the great divide” between Europe and the rest of the world from the 1870s.

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B2. The Only Actual ‘Trade Union’ Allowed is for the Bosses!

Nationalist and labour leader AE Goonesinha formed in 1928 the All Ceylon Trade Union Congress, made up of the Ceylon Labour Union (CLU) for ‘manual’ workers, Ceylon Mercantile Union (CMU) for clerks, Ceylon Chauffeurs’ Union, Ceylon Printers’ Union, Ceylon Hotel & Domestic Workers’ Union, Ceylon Mariners’ Union, and Ceylon Tramway Men’s Union. The only leader who called for independence – after Anagarika Dharmapala was chased into exile, with the English murder of his brother Edmund – Goonesinha was soon seduced by England’s Labour Party.

     In June 1929, his ACTUC signed a no-strike agreement, the first-ever collective agreement signed in Sri Lanka’s history, with one of the colonial economy’s premier capitalist organizations, formed in January 1929, the Employers’ Federation of Ceylon (EFC).

     Mercantile Employers – The Mercantile Employers Association was the main body of commercial employers who, with the Estate Employers, became the core of the EFC. Together they would become one of the largest organizations of capitalists in the country, who, as part of the mercantile sector, were the real power behind the government, both colonial and ‘independent.’

     The mercantile establishments in Colombo were directly linked with the plantation economy, and controlled it on behalf of their English owners. The Peninsular & Orient Corporation (P&O), eg, had set up the Ceylon Wharfage Company as a subsidiary to do the cargo handling for ships, for their imports and exports in the Colombo Port. The P&O also had another firm, Mackinnon Mackenzie, which did shipping agency work, as well as the engineering firm Walkers, originally the Marine Engineering Co, which serviced the ships.

     P&O-owned Walkers was converted into an ‘Estate Jobbing’ Company, delivering machinery to the tea factories. Walkers, with headquarters in Colombo, had branches in Badulla, Talawakelle and Kandy.

     The EFC, whose chairman was chosen by the Ceylon Chamber of Commerce and constitution was modelled on the Madras Employers’ Federation, was composed of a group of Employers’ Associations. The Mercantile Employers’ Association represented employers in the mercantile sector, and the Estate Employers Federation (founded in 1944) represented superintendents on the plantations, operating as separate organizations though they functioned in collaboration with the EFC.

     The Mercantile Employers Association, which started off as a counter to Goonesinha’s union, got together with other employers’ associations, like the employers in the hotels, shops, offices and the tea estate agency houses, and formed the Employers’ Federation of Ceylon in 1929.

     Later that same year, Goonesinha’s ‘sweetheart deal’ with the EFC renouncing lightning strikes – that virtually abrogated workers’ human right to withdraw their services – was signed with the EFC’s first Chairman, SP Hayley. The EFC in turn signed the agreement on behalf of the Ceylon Engineer Employers’ Association, the Ceylon Employers’ Association – Colombo Harbour Interests, Ceylon Motor Employers’ Association, the Stores’ and Mills’ Association, the Ceylon Fertilizer Employers’ Association, the Ceylon Importers’ and Distributors’ Association, the Ceylon Hotels and Associated Trades Association, and the Master Printers’ Association of Ceylon.

     These Associations represented mainly English companies, who were involved in estate management, shipping, insurance, and other ancillary aspects of the import-export trade. The English term for these types of establishments was ‘Mercantile Firms’. Some of these mercantile houses in Colombo were called estate agency houses, because they acted as agents for estate companies, which they usually also owned – hence, some were management agencies as well as plantation owners.

     The English companies owned tea and rubber plantations, mainly, but not the coconut plantations, which usually had Ceylonese owners. The Ceylonese bourgeoisie established themselves through the coconut plantations and the liquor trade. However, the rubber and tea estates were the real basis of the plantation economy set up by the English.

     The Employers’ Federation of Ceylon, interestingly, was the first to be registered as a trade union, as No. 1 under the Act, for the 1935 law covered both employers and workers. The EFC also has what are called ‘trade union objects’ under the state’s definition of a trade union – that of representing the collective interests of capitalist employers. The CMU was also one of the earliest – the Executive Committee deciding in January 1936 – to be registered, as No. 14, under the Trade Union Ordinance No. 14 promulgated in 1935.

     Led mainly by English employers originally, and linked with the Ceylon Chamber of Commerce, a secondary role in the EFC was played by the Indian merchants, while a tertiary role was played by Sinhala, Tamil and Burgher businessmen. It was long after ‘independence,’ and particularly after the bourgeois nationalist government of 1956, that Ceylonese were put at the helm of the EFC organization.

     The Rise & the Role of the Mercantile Firms – Whereas merchant capital in the metropolitan countries was the basis of capitalist production, ‘in the colonies it failed to be transformed into industrial capital,’ at the same time as it blocked the emergence of an indigenous industrial class in Sri Lanka, wrote SBD de Silva in his profound work, The Political Economy of Underdevelopment.

     Under English colonialism, Sri Lanka’s economic infrastructure, such as the building of roads and bridges, was geared totally to the export sector and the plantations. The roads and the railways, for instance, were developed at the expense of developing local agriculture and rural infrastructure, as well as local manufactures. Companies like Whittall’s, and Harrison and Crosfield imported rice to directly supply their numerous plantations, rather than buying rice, for instance, from the local villages. There was also the destruction and restriction of local infrastructure and industry, as industry became increasingly geared to the supply and exploitation of the plantation system, turning the local population into an assured market of consumers, while maintaining the basic technologies of production in England.

     The lack of a permanent and large settler population also meant local industry was not developed much at all under colonialism. Most of the English merchants and planters were men who hoped to get rich quickly and return to England wealthy. They confined themselves to the colonial administration, the plantations and their businesses, where they held the top positions.

     Absentee ownership in the colonies ‘which underlay the company forms of organization’ began, said de Silva, after 1840 ‘when metropolitan capital became more mobile,’ with the growth of transportation and communications. The large-scale financing of colonial export agriculture began in the 1880s. The growth of corporate ventures financed by a capital market in Britain led to the ‘eclipse of the resident investor as well as the growth of absentee capital.’

     While there were some Ceylonese involved in exports, a few Europeans entirely controlled both the import and export trade. While Europeans monopolized the import-export trade related to the plantations, the ’comprador’ merchants of Sri Lankan and Indian origin were used as intermediaries in the much more risky trade involving local producers and consumers, such as foodstuffs and textiles. It was, however, Europeans who controlled the larger trade in those commodities.

     A handful of English traders who were here in 1800s when the plantation system developed, gained a leading control over the economy, monopolizing lending and investment, relations with local traders, insurance of assets, shipping such as steamship lines, inland transportation, processing of various products, warehousing.

     The agency houses started off ‘as purveyors of capital to the coffee plantations,’ but with the growth of the tea and rubber industries, agencies soon came to be a part of – eventually controlling – the plantation companies. When money was advanced to the estates, the produce was assigned to the agent. The agent also took orders for estate requirements and expanded his import business. In the financing and sale of export produce, he became a local representative of banks, investment trusts, and shipping companies. Bois Bros was an agent for the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China. Darley Butler was an agent of Matheson Co, George Steuart, an agent for Messrs Coutts & Co.

     Most of the mercantile companies made huge profits in the import of plantation industry-related materials like fertilizer, packaging as in tea chests, tools and machinery and building materials, as well as foods and household goods. James Finlay & Company controlled valuable land on the road around the Colombo Lake leading to the sea, and was involved in shipping and warehousing as well. Delmege Forsythe controlled the sale and distribution of Cadbury Chocolate and Clark’s sewing thread, and the trade in petroleum products. Between 1948-62, 10 agency firms collected two-thirds of the premiums of non-life insurance, and the commissions.

     Many of the companies in Ceylon were controlled by colonial investors, and were branches of larger companies based in Britain, with little control over their businesses. Many companies operated as agency houses ‘who managed several estates and plantation companies that were grouped together.’ The leading investors were ‘a narrow circle of planters, merchants and produce brokers’ in England, linked by ‘a common interest in finance, commerce or through personal connections with the East.’ (SBD)

     There was also a difference between the interests of the shareholders in the plantation companies, and the mercantile groups represented by the agency houses. The early constitutional battles with the colonial authorities in Ceylon ‘were first fought by coffee planters,’ over development of local infrastructure to their benefit, and the ‘imperial levy,’ but they were not serious disagreements, since the local investors were a part of the metropolitan bourgeoisie.

     Foreign capital in the colony conformed to the interests of the metropolitan economy. ‘Metropolitan industrial capital’ controlled the mercantile firms who in turn controlled the plantations. Even though the Colombo agency firm and the London firm were technically ‘agents’ and ‘secretaries’ of the plantation companies, it was the London firm that controlled the whole operation. The principal-client relationship was based on the Colombo agency managing the plantation and the London agency managing the company. For instance, ‘the management and sale of plantation produce – a source of vast commercial profits – was also vested in the London office.’

     Locally established English interests were overridden by foreign shareholders, boards of directors and head offices in London. English bank branches, for instance, could not recruit staff or decide their responsibilities and functions. Sterling companies in Sri Lanka were represented by the Ceylon Association in London, which looked after the English interests in Sri Lanka. The locally registered English companies had their own organizations in Sri Lanka – the Planters’ Association, Ceylon Chamber of Commerce and European Association – all of which liaised with the Ceylon Association in London.

     The Sterling companies in Sri Lanka could be controlled only by English citizens and were subject to English law, and, for many years after ‘independence,’ functioned ‘outside the legal framework of the country.’ The subordination of the colonial economy to the merchant and manufacturing interests in England was supported by the Colonial Office and by the subscribers of capital in London. In 1900, Chamberlain, Secretary of State for the Colonies, was the one of the largest shareholders of Colombo Commercial Company. Singleton-Salmon, the Appointed MP representing English interests until 1972 in successive parliaments after ‘independence,’ was the Head of the British Ceylon Corporation. These ‘appointed MPs’ were introduced under the guise of protecting ‘minorities’.

____________

B3. The English Invasion of Lanka, 1796-9

1796: English East India Company (EIC) in Lanka hired contract Indian labor ‘pioneers’ to replace ‘Kaffirs who were seen as wild, stupid, and disorderly, and had clashed with the Malay troops.’

• English government in Lanka took over Dutch bank Kredit Brieven, valued at £12,695. 1800: Governor North issued £10,000 worth in notes of 25, 50 and 100 rix dollars. 1897: Legislative Council redeemed Kredit Breven stock, issuing Ceylon Government stock.

Pearl fisheries, 1796-8, produced revenue of £396,000. 1799: Failure of the pearl fisheries, through exhaustion of pearl banks.

• Dutch East India Co (VOC) ‘Adminstrateur’ in Galle, Mattheus Van Der Spar, switched allegiance from Holland to England, and changed name to Vanderspar. 1851: JJ Vanderspar & Sons set up in Galle, and JJ Vanderspar became King of Netherlands Consul in Lanka. 1857: JJ Vanderspar & Co set up, with holding agency, shipping agencies as well as Consulates for Kings. 1871: JJV & Co became agents for the Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC). 1890: Armitage Vanderspar & Co failed. 1897: JJ Vanderspar & Co became estate agents. 1898: JJ Vanderspar & Co’s agency transferred to Gordon Frazer & Co.

1797: In first months, several districts in Lanka resisted English invasion, including Batticaloa and Vanni where a collector was killed, and elaborate guerrilla fortifications were built in Siyane and Hevagam. In Salpiti Korale, the armed people surrounded officials, and fired on the Sepoy troops sent. As soon as troops were withdrawn, ‘tumults’ broke out afresh. Moratuva legend has it that the rebellion was led by Kurukulasuriya Merenge Domingo Fernando. Rebels accused English officials of talking peace & kidnapping rebels. Hevagam leaders Mungah Muhandiram, Sequior Appuhamy and Abraham Kangany joined militant Salpiti leader Sinno Appu. (• Welbore Ellis Doyle made Military Commander/MC in Ceylon, 1 Jan- 2 July. Peter Bonnevaux made MC in Ceylon, 2-12 July; Pierre Frédéric de Meuron made MC in Ceylon, 12 July 1797 – 12 Oct 1798).

• English ordered the arrest of families of rebels and burnt their properties. A small Malay Revenue Corps was raised. De Meuron, now Commandant, tried to buy off the protest, but Sinno Appu persuaded others to continue. Sinno Appu and 20 others then met the king of Kandy. August: English-appointed Investigation Commission blamed rebellion mainly on the ‘the union of the powers of the Renter and the Magistrate,’ the use of Indian tax collectors, and the mode of taxation, and recommended the Mudaliyars be reinstated. Sept

: English hanged several rebel leaders, but also immediately withdrew the tax. Sinno Appu withdrew to Kandy. English accused Kandy of supporting rebellion.

• English curtailed Mudaliyar power after 1797 rebellion (which some mudaliyars had joined). English now paid salaries after taking away the service lands or nindagamas granted to mudaliyars for services rendered to the state. Judicial work they performed also taken away, with increasing supervision/control by English officers.

• In July-Sept Lille English-French talks, Lord Malmesbury said the French demand for Lanka would deprive them, ‘of all means of defence in the East Indies, where we had no other port’. However, Pitt was willing to ‘surrender Ceylon to the French rather than break off negotiations’. The English almost agreed to French suggestion they could keep the country, if they shared the trade with the Dutch. Talks broke down, and the French supposedly offered to sell Lanka secretly to the English for £1,200,000!

1798: Sinno Appo attempted revolt in Rayigam Korale. Governor Hobart of Fort St George (Madras) visited to report: 1797 rebellion was due to ‘premature and impolitic alteration of ancient Revenue system.’ He blamed it on Madras officials. The tax on coconut trees withdrawn. Post of Superintendent of Revenue abolished. Ceylon was considered too precious to be governed from Madras, and they decided to administer the country through the Colonial Office in England. By March, revolt had subsided.

• ‘Malignant fever’ epidemic in Kandy. Rajadhi Rajasingha, king of Kandy, died, childless. 18-year-old Sri Vickrama Rajasinha (r1798-1815) came to power in Kandy, installed by hereditary noble Pilimatalava, a powerful aspirant to the throne himself, who was warned by the Mahanayake: if the keeper of the elephant does not care of his elephant, ‘not only the lives of others but his own will be endangered.’ Pilimatalava said he could use the English to check his power.

• Lanka made a crown colony on Oct 12, under governor (1798-1805) Frederick North (later Earl of Guildford), but under the direction of the Company, who was to dispose of revenues! The English EIC and the English Crown now had dual control over Lanka until it became a full crown colony, Ceylon, in 1802. Frederick North, 5th Earl of Guilford, governor of Ceylon, 1798-1805, was younger brother of George Augustus North, 3rd Earl of Guilford, who married top English banker Thomas Coutt’s daughter Susan Cin 1796. He had converted to the Eastern Orthodox Church in 1791, and was MP for Banbury, 1792-94. His father was Frederick North aka Lord North ‘who lost America,’ and Marx later called ‘one of the base and most mischievous ministers England can boast of’). 1827: Lord Guilford died childless.

• The ‘old shipping interest’ in the EIC opposed First Secretary of State for War Dundas’s attempt to make Ceylon a Crown Colony. Dundas jokingly referred to ‘my impeachment on Account of Ceylon.’ (1802: Dundas impeached. 1806: Acquitted)

• English garrison general confined to military affairs. Civil governor appointed with all powers of government, over civil and military. Governorship was an autocratic position, subject to the Secretary of State in London, operating through a Council, but with no real checks on his power. North was accompanied to Lanka by 9 officials appointed by Dundas, including 3 young men (Barry, Gordon, Lusignan), ‘young gentlemen going out to learn the languages’. Joseph Joinville, a ‘naturalist,’ was also sent with him. North made several attempts to capture Kandy, aided by treacherous chiefs. Kandyans would repel them with their legendary guerrilla tactics.

De Meuron Report, published in November by the Committee of Investigation: They had collected ‘precise’ data from June 1797 and made recommendations about revenue sources and administration system, and after checking the Dutch records, called for restoration of much of ‘ancient system’, Dutch land courts, and ‘slavery being too delicate a subject to touch while possession of the island was uncertain,’ registration, taxation and compensation of slave owners, with gradual abolition after ‘Peace.’

• ‘Violent persecution of the Malabar Party and its adherents’ ensued in Kandy. Near relations of the late king were jailed, exiled or murdered. Several royal relations fled to the English areas, and pensioned by Governor North, for ‘future use’: such as the king’s brother-in-law Mutusvami, kept in Jaffna. By 1800 North was negotiating with 4 ‘pretenders’ to the Kandyan throne.

• Almost all remaining 860 men of the former Dutch army, the Swiss mercenary De Meuron Regiment registered with the English Army. Mercenary DeMeuron Regiment entered into full English army service with 2 battalions, of 5 infantry companies each, remaining in India until 1806.

• Colonial Medical Department’s origins are traced to army surgeons under ‘Physician-General to the King’s Forces’ in Ceylon. 1800: Civil Medical Dept set up to fight (& also spread!) smallpox. 1802: Civil and Military Medical Depts placed under Inspector General of Hospitals aka head of Army Medical Dept.

• 5 English post offices opened in Colombo, Galle, Mannar, Trincomalee, Jaffna.

• Dutch civil law courts were continued in Lanka. Revenue cases still tried in Kachcheri. English Court of Equity in Lanka suspended, as Dutch judges refused to swear allegiance!

• Hugh Cleghorn, first colonial English Chief Secretary in Lanka, appointed Archivist.

1799: English Governor attended by 6 Mahamudaliyars (4 Sinhala, 2 Tamil, first Mahamudaliyar, Johannes de Saram) would now rule through (soon salaried) Mudaliyars (in south) and Vanniyars (north). Revenues would be administered through Collectors. • Supreme Court began sessions in Colombo.

• Failure of pearl fisheries, through exhaustion of pearl banks. Pearl fisheries had produced revenue of £396,000, 1796-8.

• English corruption was soon apparent. The Physician General noted, officers, who were rewarded with arrack & toddy rents, were promoting alcoholism in the ranks. The English Eastern Collector almost went to war with the English Trincomalee Commandant over arrack sales. The Colombo Collector was profiteering from rice. The Commissary General sold bad pork to troops. Cleghorn was sacked for embezzling state money from the pearl fishery!

• There was a smallpox (an infamous English weapon of war) epidemic in Lanka.

• English claimed on Sept 23, Pilimatalava offered to assassinate King Sri Vickrama Rajasinha, if the English sponsored him to the throne. Colvin R de Silva said Pilimatalava had no intention of surrendering Kandy to the English. His policy was part of ‘a fateful Kandyan tradition – calling in the foreigner to settle domestic disputes but discarding him on attaining that object. That pitcher, however, went too often to the well, grew leaky by degrees, and broke in the user’s hands.’ As for North: He was ‘guilty of a somewhat cynical disregard of morality in international relations,’ by intriguing against a king whose title he had recognized, and with whom he had no quarrel.

• English raised new Malay regiment rousing Kandyan fears. • Wellesley collected a force in Trincomalee to invade Batavia, but then diverted it to Egypt where they defeated French attempt to control overland route to Lanka and India. • English set up their 1st ‘Botanical Garden’ in Peliyagoda, to transfer and steal agriculture.

• English military Chaplain James Cordiner in Lanka proposed ‘a training school for the sons of Mudaliyars and other chiefs who would supply English-speaking officers to the various Government departments.’ Seminary set up at Wolfendahl, Colombo’s first English-language school. After it failed due to lack of funding, the Seminary was moved to Hultsdorp as a day school. 1812: 83 Sinhala, 35 Tamil and 40 Burgher boys.

• English set up schools: 3 in Colombo (1 each for Burghers, Sinhalas, Tamils) and 1 in Trincomalee (for Tamils), with classes on religion and the 3Rs (in Sinhala  Tamil) and basic English. The first English boys’ school in Colombo was to train interpreters. The education imparted was supposedly to be of a non-utilitarian nature, useless for wider vocational purposes: A deeper education was not to be needed in the role colonies had to play as primary producers and markets for others’ manufactured goods.

• Governor North reported the 4 main religions in Lanka as: Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and a ‘wider and more extravagant system of Paganism called by the Dutch the ‘Worship of the Devil.’

Cleghorn Minute: First Colonial secretary Hugh Cleghorn ordered to report on the Administration of Justice and Revenue in the Dutch Settlements.

• 5 caste-specific delegations (mainly Salagama, but also Durava, Karava) were allowed to go to Myanmar (Burma), 1799-1813, and they returned with ordained monks.

__________________________________________________________

C. News Index______________________________________________

ee News Index provides headlines and links to gain a sense of the weekly focus of published English ‘business news’ mainly to expose the backwardness of a multinationally controlled ‘local media’:

C1. Sovereignty

(ee is pro-politics, pro-politician, pro-nation-state, anti-corporatist, anti-expert, anti-NGO)

ee Sovereignty news emphasizes sovereignty as economic sovereignty – a strong nation is built on modern industrialization fueled by a producer culture.

• President’s powwow with India’s National Security Advisor at COP26

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/columns/another-picture-at-cop26-presidents-powwow-with-indias-national-security-advisor-461356.html

• Sovereignty & Fertilizer

– kalaya.org/2021/11/blog-post_10.html#more

• Chinese Embassy in Colombo accuses US of expanding its military bases

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/06/chinese-embassy-in-colombo-accuses-us-of-expanding-its-military-bases/

• Pentagon Report alleges China Bases in Sri Lanka

– dailymirror.lk/opinion/AS-REPORTED-IN-PENTAGON-2021-REPORT-WILL-SRI-LANKA-ALLOW-CHINA-AN-OVERSEAS-MILITARY-BASE/231-224246

• Alternatives to the Pentagon’s China Nightmares

– newsclick.in/Alternatives-Pentagon-China-Nightmares

• TNA team invited by US Govt. to discuss political issues

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/news/tna-team-invited-by-us-govt-to-discuss-political-issues-461345.html

• Swiss Ambassador meets Northern and Eastern Catholic prelates

– island.lk/swiss-ambassador-meets-northern-and-eastern-catholic-prelates/

• Northern Province Governor invites foreign investors to establish new businesses in North

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/NP-Governor-invites-foreign-investors-to-establish-new-businesses-in-North/108-224468

• German technicians to train Orthopedic Unit of the Jaffna Teaching Hospital.

– island.lk/german-investors-interested-in-sri-lankas-health-sector-envoy/

• Japan wants to build beyond Comprehensive Partnership Agreement (CPA)

– island.lk/japan-wants-to-build-on-comprehensive-partnership/

• Low-caste Malabaris pretending to be high-caste Jaffna Tamils

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/06/low-caste-malabaris-pretending-to-be-high-caste-jaffna-tamils

• Kadirgamar Institute criticises Amnesty International’s latest report for bias

– island.lk/kadirgamar-institute-criticises-ai-for-bias/

• Time to identify enemies within

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/06/time-to-identify-enemies-within-2/

• Chinese ambassador’s cautionary note is devoid of diplomatic niceties – Sunday Times

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/editorial/strike-a-warning-for-course-correction-461240.html

• Ahmed Jawad joins Pathfinder Foundation

– ft.lk/news/Ahmed-Jawad-joins-Pathfinder-Foundation/56-725410

• Bangladesh to buy five naval ships from England – Foreign Minister

– island.lk/bangladesh-to-buy-five-naval-ships-from-uk-foreign-minister/

• The US’ coercive sanctions on Cambodia are actually aimed at another obvious target

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/12/the-us-coercive-sanctions-on-cambodia-are-actually-aimed-at-another-obvious-target/

• Political climate change: Realities behind Xi’s peace initiative

– dailymirror.lk/opinion/Political-climate-change-Realities-behind-Xis-peace-initiative/172-224574

• SAARC member states have also let down the people of Afghanistan

– island.lk/winter-of-despair-in-afghanistan/

• US wasted some $1 billion in futile attempts to split the Taliban.

– indianpunchline.com/reflections-on-events-in-afghanistan-32

• US recognition of Taliban Government will be a game changer

– indianpunchline.com/reflections-on-events-in-afghanistan-33/

• Pak Religious Protests: Signs of Talibanisation?

– newsclick.in/pak-religious-protests-signs-talibanisation

• Why Joe Biden Will Soon Talk With Mohammed Bin Salman

‘Saudis are a major reason for the predominance of the U.S.-dollar in the global financial system. If they decide to sell oil in Chinese Yuan the U.S. dollar would no longer be the main reserve currency’

– moonofalabama.org/2021/11/why-biden-will-soon-talk-with-mohammed-bin-salman.html

• On the Ground in Ethiopia

– blackagendareport.com/abraham-wodaje-kebede-ground-ethiopia

• Abyssinia’s War and What Comes Next. Marcus Garvey, January, 1937

‘When Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935, the Black World rallied…Marcus Garvey argued that the Black World was misguided and mistaken — and asserted that Haile Selassie was a fraud.’

– blackagendareport.com/editorial-abyssinias-war-and-what-comes-next-marcus-garvey-january-1937

• The U.S. extends ban on remittances to Cuba

– radiohc.cu/en/noticias/nacionales/276282-the-us-extends-ban-on-remittances-to-cuba

• Cuban Foreign Ministry: U.S. lies to justify interference in Cuba

– radiohc.cu/en/noticias/nacionales/276534-foreign-ministry-us-lies-to-justify-interference-in-cuba

• China ratifies unrestricted support for Cuba in the face of U.S. interference and blockade

– radiohc.cu/en/noticias/nacionales/276923-china-ratifies-its-unrestricted-support-for-cuba-in-the-face-of-us-interference-and-blockade

• U.S. Threatens Regime Change in Nicaragua

– blackagendareport.com/index.php/us-threatens-regime-change-nicaragua

 • Class Warfare & Socialist Resistance: Nicaragua, Cuba, Venezuela as Existential Threats to US

– blackagendareport.com/class-warfare-and-socialist-resistance-nicaragua-cuba-venezuela-existential-threats-us

• Russia’s October Revolution

– en.granma.cu/cuba/2021-11-08/no-other-event-had-such-an-impact-on-the-destiny-of-humanity

• In Ukraine The U.S. Is Risking War

‘There is fear in Russia that the U.S. is egging the Ukraine into a renewed active conflict with its renegade eastern Donbass region and thereby into a war with Russia’

– moonofalabama.org/2021/11/in-ukraine-the-us-is-risking-war.html

• Russiagate has no rock bottom

‘Indictment of the Steele dossier’s key source newly humiliates Clinton campaign, FBI, and US media’

– mate.substack.com/p/russiagate-has-no-rock-bottom

• A Look Back At Russiagate

‘The Steele dossier about Trump and Russia has now been fully debunked’

– moonofalabama.org/2021/11/a-look-back-at-russiagate.html#comments

• On US Patriotism: A Marxist Polemic

– blackagendareport.com/american-patriotism-marxist-polemic

• Fear, courage and cyanide pills: Chinese-Canadian veterans celebrated at Vancouver museum

– theglobeandmail.com/canada/british-columbia/article-remembrance-day-exhibit-celebrates-96-year-old-wwii-veteran-ronald-lee/

• The militaristic, imperialistic Royal Canadian Legion owns the copyright to the red poppy

‘Red poppies commemorate Canadians who have died at war. Not being commemorated are the Afghans or Libyans killed by Canadians in the 2000s, or the Iraqis and Serbians killed in the 1990s, or the Koreans killed in the 1950s, or the Russians, South Africans, Sudanese, and others killed before’

– socialistproject.ca/2021/11/canada-and-militarism-the-case-against-the-poppy/

________________________________________________________________

C2. Security (the state beyond ‘a pair of handcuffs’, monopolies of legitimate violence)

ee Security section focuses on the state (a pair of handcuffs, which sposedly has the monopoly of legitimate violence), and how the ‘national security’ doctrine is undermined by private interests, with no interest in divulging or fighting the real enemy, whose chief aim is to prevent an industrial renaissance as the basis of a truly independent nation.

• Coalescing existing maritime competencies for collective capacity building and capacity enhancement against non-traditional threats

‘5.2 million barrels of oil are transported daily via this sea route’

– island.lk/coalescing-existing-maritime-competencies-for-collective-capacity-building-and-capacity-enhancement-against-non-traditional-threats/

• Sri Lanka calls for collective efforts at Goa Maritime Conclave

‘half of the world’s container ships, one-third of the world’s bulk cargo traffic and two-thirds of the world’s oil shipments traverse through the Indian Ocean’

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/12/sri-lanka-calls-for-collective-efforts-at-goa-maritime-conclave/

• Visit to Moscow amid US travel ban

– island.lk/visit-to-moscow-amid-us-travel-ban/

• President inaugurates National Defence Academy

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/11/president-inaugurates-national-defence-academy/

• 7th SLAF Contingent of UN Peace Keeping Mission to Central African Republic (MINUSCA)

– ft.lk/ft_tv/7th-SLAF-Contingent-of-UN-Peace-Keeping-Mission-to-the-Central-African-Republic-MINUSCA/10520-725708

– island.lk/female-medical-officer-included-in-mission-under-un-command/

• Sabry’s resignation over Ven. Gnanasara’s appointment ‘in limbo’

– island.lk/sabrys-resignation-over-ven-gnanasaras-appointment-in-limbo/

• Compromise formula: Gazette on Ven. Gnanasara’s PTF diluted; Sabry pacified

– island.lk/compromise-formula-gazette-on-ven-gnanasaras-ptf-diluted-sabry-remains/

• The “Maha Molakaru” & Rev. Siril Fernando

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/10/the-maha-molakaru-rev-siril-fernando/

• Zahran’s wife confessed Zahran met intelligence officers prior to attacks: Harin

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Zahrans-wife-confessed-Zahran-met-intelligence-officers-prior-to-attacks-Harin/108-224392

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Zahrans-wife-Sadiyas-audio-clips-available-Harin/108-224564

– island.lk/sjb-pm-keheliya-have-admitted-state-intelligence-paid-zahran/

• Zahran never met intelligence officials: Weerasekara

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Zahran-never-met-intelligence-officials-Weerasekara/108-224548

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-police-minister-denies-easter-attack-allegations-opposition-doubles-down-87853/

– island.lk/inss-director-general-says-no-proof-zahran-met-intelligence-operatives/

• Muslim youth received ISIS training in Syria not involved in Easter Sunday attacks: Ranil

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Muslim-youth-received-ISIS-training-in-Syria-not-involved-in-Easter-Sunday-attacks-Ranil/108-224549

• SJB plans major campaign over dismissal of cases by AG and CIABOC

– island.lk/sjb-plans-major-campaign-over-dismissal-of-cases-by-ag-and-ciaboc/

– island.lk/pandora-papers-prez-yet-to-receive-report-on-nirupama-her-husband/

• Tiruchelvam QC and Sabry PC: A tale of two resignations – Jeyaraj

– ft.lk/columns/Tiruchelvam-QC-and-Sabry-PC-A-tale-of-two-resignations/4-725673

• Organized racket operating in WP extorting money from road accidents

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Organized-racket-operating-in-WP-extorting-money-from-road-accidents/108-224470

• Obeying an Illegal Order, Police Sacrificed 626 Cops

– dailymirror.lk/opinion/Obeying-an-Illegal-Order-Police-Sacrificed-626-Cops/231-224245

• Law and order within a colonised mind

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/sunday-times-2/law-and-order-within-a-colonised-mind-461119.html

• Abuse of Police Authority

– dailymirror.lk/opinion/ABUSE-OF-POLICE-AUTHORITY/231-224408

• Rear Admiral Pradeep Rathnayake takes over command of Southeastern Naval Area

– ft.lk/news/Rear-Admiral-Pradeep-Rathnayake-takes-over-command-of-Southeastern-Naval-Area/56-725698

• The Killing of a Prime Minister – Part 4

– island.lk/beyond-reasonable-doubt-3/

• Israeli NSO Spyware Found on Top Palestinian Officials’ Phones

– newsclick.in/Daily-News-round-up

• Rittenhouse Trial Exposes The Democrats’ Reliance On False Narratives

– moonofalabama.org/2021/11/rittenhouse-trial-exposes-the-democrats-reliance-on-false-narratives.html

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C3. Economists (Study the Economists before you study the Economics)

ee Economists shows how paid capitalist/academic ‘professionals’ confuse (misdefinitions, etc) and divert (with false indices, etc) from the steps needed to achieve an industrial country.

• Prioritizing multinational companies’ (MNCs) perspectives

‘Monday’s physical forum will highlight views of several international companies, including Standard Chartered Bank, A. Baur and Company, CEAT and Airtel.’

– ft.lk/front-page/FDI-the-need-of-the-hour-FT-forum-on-Monday-to-assess-2022-Budget-effectiveness/44-725764

• How Commodities Are Artificial Life – Marx’s commodity fetish wasn’t necrophilia

‘A crazy, trippy idea, that commodities carry around the ghosts of every worker that has touched them.’

– indica.medium.com/how-commodities-are-artificial-life-28c369cdf165

• Professor Sumanasiri’s Note

– gammiris.lk

• Debating the Transition from a Closed to an Open Economy – D. Gunawardena

‘Although the current regime in power has aggravated the crisis because of inadequate policy measures, the structural problem emerged out of historical choices made by capital.’

– ssalanka.org/debating-transition-closed-open-economy-devaka-gunawardena/

• Budget Reading 2022: For whom is the budget this time? – Progressive Women’s Collective

– dailymirror.lk/news-features/Budget-Reading-2022-For-whom-is-the-budget-this-time/131-224338

• Sri Lanka Economic Summit Session 1 to focus on ‘Setting the Macro Foundation for Growth’

‘presenters will be Central Bank Governor Ajith Nivard Cabraal and Howard Nicholas from the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Erasmus University Rotterdam. Chamber of Commerce Chairman Vish Govindasamy, Asian Development Bank South Asia Regional Development Regional Economic Advisor Rana Hasan, Treasury Secretary Sajith Attygalle and Institute of Policy Studies’ Dushni Weerakoon on panel, moderated by former Chamber of Commerce Chairman Suresh Shah.’

– ft.lk/business/Sri-Lanka-Economic-Summit-session-1-to-focus-on-Setting-the-Macro-Foundation-for-Growth/34-725703

• Sri Lanka Economic Summit: ‘Resetting the Export Portfolio’

‘Presenter will be Professor Ricardo Hausmann, Growth Lab at Harvard’s Center for International Development, and Rafik Hariri, Practice of International Political Economy at Harvard Kennedy School. Export Development Board Suresh De Mel, Sri Lanka’s Ambassador to the EU Grace Asirwatham, Hirdaramani Group’s Aroon Hirdaramani, Spa Ceylon Co’s Shalin Balasuriya and Dilmah Tea’s Dilhan Fernando…moderated by Verite Research’ Subhashini Abeysinghe’

– ft.lk/business/Sri-Lanka-Economic-Summit-Resetting-the-Export-Portfolio/34-725803

• IPS makes its proposals for Budget 2022: Parts 1 & 2

– island.lk/ips-makes-its-proposals-for-budget-2022/

– island.lk/ips-proposals-for-budget-2022-part-ii/

– dailymirror.lk/editorialbusiness/Equity-in-recovery-Addressing-Sri-Lankas-social-protection-and-food-security-needs/340-224609

• Verité Research to host expert commentary on Budget 2022 on Nov. 12

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Verit%C3%A9-Research-to-host-expert-commentary-on-Budget-2022-on-Nov-12/273-224415

• FT forum on Monday to critique Budget 2022’s multiple fresh moves to woo FDIs

– ft.lk/front-page/FT-forum-on-Monday-to-critique-Budget-2022-s-multiple-fresh-moves-to-woo-FDIs/44-725869

• Sri Lanka, not IMF, should restructure debt: Jayasundera

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-not-imf-should-restructure-debt-jayasundera-87657/

• Only foreign assistance could relieve the situation – Sanderatne

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/columns/are-there-prospects-of-an-improvement-in-the-deepening-crisis-in-external-finances-461098.html

• Trade union actions only against foreign borrowing, not against foreign investment – Abeyratne

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/business-times/in-debt-we-trust-460853.html

• A child’s guide to cryptos, crypto mining, and blockchain – Part III: Wijewardena

– ft.lk/columns/A-child-s-guide-to-cryptos-crypto-mining-and-blockchain-Part-III/4-725559

• Building a strong export economy

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/09/building-an-export-economy-in-sri-lanka/

• Will the 2022 Budget herald changes for the better?

– island.lk/will-the-2022-budget-herald-changes-for-the-better/

• Sri Lanka external crisis and cascading policy errors: Bellwether

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-external-crisis-and-cascading-policy-errors-bellwether-87690/

• Is Wealth Tax the Solution to Sri Lanka’s Low Tax Revenue Collection? – Advocata

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/is-wealth-tax-the-solution-to-sri-lankas-low-tax-revenue-collection

– dailymirror.lk/businessopinion/Is-Wealth-Tax-the-solution-to-Sri-Lankas-low-tax-revenue-collection/306-224503

• Why Sri Lanka is poor, according to Bill Gates

‘Most trade union action also takes place in these very loss-making state-owned enterprises such as the Ceylon Electricity Board, the Ceylon Petroleum Corporation, and the Ceylon Transportation Board’

– themorning.lk/why-sri-lanka-is-poor-according-to-bill-gates

• Visiting World Bank VP Hartwig Schafer ‘Renews’ Support

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/06/sri-lanka-has-a-very-positive-outlook

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Visiting-WB-VP-reaffirms-support-for-investments-in-people-and-resilient-recovery/273-224418

– ft.lk/top-story/World-Bank-renews-support-for-Sri-Lanka/26-725720\

• Twilight capitalism – Roberts

‘Karl Marx and the decay of the profit system is the best book on Marxist political economy…’

– thenextrecession.wordpress.com/2021/11/08/twilight-capitalism/

• Kornai on capitalism and socialism – Roberts

‘Making planning calculations is perfectly feasible, especially with modern computers (quantum or otherwise) and by developments in mathematics’

– thenextrecession.wordpress.com/2021/11/11/kornai-on-capitalism-and-socialism/

• Technofeudalism: Yanis Varoufakis Tells Zizek: Capitalism has evolved into something worse

– youtu.be/Ghx0sq_gXK4–

https://nowthenmagazine.com/articles/yanis-varoufakis-techno-feudalism-and-the-end-of-capitalism

• “Too much Maths, Too little History: The Problem of Economics”

– youtu.be/6rXBBqMmIP8

• How Afghanistan Was Really Lost – Ricardo Hausmann

‘A different balance between US military expenditure and economic aid might have convinced ordinary Afghans they had a significant stake in the state the US and its allies were striving to build’

– project-syndicate.org/commentary/failed-western-economic-strategy-in-afghanistan-by-ricardo-hausmann-2021-11

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C4. Economy (Usually reported in monetary terms)

ee Economy section shows how the economy is usually measured by false indices like GDP, etc, and in monetary terms, confusing money and capital, while calling for privatization and deregulation, their constant moaning about debt and balance of payments without stating the need for industrial production to overcome such issues, etc.

• Budget Speech 2022

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Budget-Speech-2022/273-224657

– island.lk/rajapaksa-presents-non-traditional-budget

– ft.lk/top-story/Basil-presents-futuristic-people-s-Budget/26-725881

– ft.lk/front-page/Broader-focus-areas-of-2022-Budget/44-725880

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/12/budget-2022-finance-ministers-full-speech/

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/12/budget-2022-full-speech-video/

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-budget-2022-key-tax-changes-87927/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/12/government-revenue-the-basil-way/

• Basil takes public sector, SOE reforms head-on

– ft.lk/front-page/Basil-takes-public-sector-SOE-reforms-head-on/44-725875

• Public service has become a burden to the nation, says Finance Minister

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/13/public-service-has-become-a-burden-to-the-nation-says-finance-minister/

• Budget 2022: Initial reaction from private sector mixed

– ft.lk/front-page/Budget-2022-Initial-reaction-from-private-sector-mixed/44-725870

• Govt. targets large companies to raise Rs.254bn in tax revenue

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Govt-targets-large-companies-to-raise-Rs-254bn-in-tax-revenue/273-224662

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-targets-big-firms-spectrum-auctions-to-shore-up-post-covid-finances-87929/

• No solution to rising CoL and dearth of essentials: JVP

– dailymirror.lk/latest_news/No-solution-to-rising-CoL-and-dearth-of-essentials-JVP/342-224644

• Budget fails to address Dollar crisis: SJB Eran

– dailymirror.lk/latest_news/Budget-fails-to-address-Dollar-crisis-Eran/342-224648

– island.lk/opposition-reacts/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/13/unp-launch-protest-against-budget/

• Sri Lanka sees budget deficit falling, but strain on economy remains

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/12/sri-lanka-sees-budget-deficit-falling-but-strain-on-economy-remains/

• Govt. to transfer Rs.8.5bn from Perpetual Treasuries to Treasury

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Govt-to-transfer-Rs-8-5bn-from-Perpetual-Treasuries-to-Treasury/273-224664

– ft.lk/front-page/Rs-8-5-b-of-Perpetual-s-ill-gotten-wealth-to-Treasury/44-725872

• Efforts underway to firm up tax administration

‘The objective of this move is to integrate administration of all the units connected to the 80 percent of the government tax revenue, which is derived from 20 percent of the taxpayers’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Efforts-underway-to-firm-up-tax-administration/273-224666

• Govt. to seek foreign funding for green bond

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Govt-to-seek-foreign-funding-for-green-bond/273-224665

• Special Goods and Services Tax to come into effect from January

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Special-Goods-and-Services-Tax-to-come-into-effect-from-January/273-224663

• Budget silent on vehicle imports but slaps fee on accidents

– ft.lk/news/Budget-silent-on-vehicle-imports-but-slaps-fee-on-accidents/56-725861

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/12/sri-lanka-to-tax-car-crashes-in-drastic-budget

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-budget-2022-700-vehicles-seized-by-customs-to-be-released-87931/

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-budget-2022-tax-on-vehicle-modification-illegal-cars-to-be-registered-87913/

• 20 businessmen sign letter calling on Minister of Finance to negotiate with IMF

‘In the wake of multiple international rating downgrades and rising fears on potential nonpayment on the country’s external debt’

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/business-times/central-bank-stops-money-printing-expects-chinese-credit-swap-460897.html

• Government Has to Repay Yearly an Average of USD 4.4 BN Foreign Debt from 2021 Onwards

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/the-government-has-to-repay-yearly-an-average-of-usd-4-4-bn-foreign-debt-from-2021-onwards/

• Private credit slumps in Sept. on rising rates, subdued economy

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Private-credit-slumps-in-Sept-on-rising-rates-subdued-economy/273-224273

• Public Finance Com. approves increase in borrowing limit by Rs. 400 b

– ft.lk/front-page/Public-Finance-Com-approves-increase-in-borrowing-limit-by-Rs-400-b/44-725660

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/08/amendment-to-increase-borrowing-limit-to-rs-3397b-approved-video/

• Moratoria to COVID-19 affected businesses and individuals has exceeded Rs.4,000 billion

‘concessions greatly assisted the small and medium enterprises of many affected sectors: tourism, apparel, plantation, information technology, logistic service providers, three-wheeler owners, operators of school vans, lorries, small goods transport vehicles and buses, and private sector employees’

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/moratoria-to-covid-19-affected-businesses-and-individuals-has-exceeded-rs-4000-billion/

– island.lk/central-bank-implements-schemes-to-assist-covid-hit-borrowers/

– ft.lk/front-page/Financial-sector-support-for-COVID-hit-biz-tops-Rs-4-trillion/44-725717

• Suppliers relish rocketing commodity prices, households reel Sunday Times

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/news/suppliers-relish-rocketing-commodity-prices-households-reel-461317.html

• Pohottuwa patriarch reads Riot Act, as public anger grows over shortages Sunday Times

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/columns/pohottuwa-patriarch-reads-the-riot-act-as-public-anger-grows-over-shortages-of-essential-items-461247.html

• CB orders immediate conversion of foreign currency earnings to rupees

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/news/cb-orders-immediate-conversion-of-foreign-currency-earnings-to-rupees-461349.html

– island.lk/new-rules-to-convert-will-have-multiple-benefits-for-the-country-cbsl/

• Sri Lanka Central bank defends controversial export dollar surrender rules

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-central-bank-defends-controversial-export-dollar-surrender-rules-87684/

• Clearing imports becomes difficult amidst shortage of dollars

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/news/clearing-imports-becomes-difficult-amidst-shortage-of-dollars-461327.html

• Sri Lanka central bank foreign assets negative by US$780mn in Sept

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-central-bank-foreign-assets-negative-by-us780mn-in-sept-87671/

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-forex-reserves-fall-to-us2267mn-in-oct-2021-87659/

• Sri Lanka prints SRR hike, Rs296bn in new money dumped into banks in Sept

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-prints-srr-hike-rs296bn-in-new-money-dumped-into-banks-in-sept-87677/

• Sri Lanka sells Rs52bn in bills, 3-month down 20bp

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-sells-rs52bn-in-bills-3-month-down-20bp-87808/

• Sri Lanka bank credit to state repaid after money printing surge in Sept

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-bank-credit-to-state-repaid-after-money-printing-surge-in-sept-87787/

• Sri Lanka rupee dollar swap discounts widen, some interbank outright trades

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-rupee-dollar-swap-discounts-widen-some-interbank-outright-trades-87826/

• Sri Lanka to present “non-traditional” budget to avoid sovereign default, strengthen finances

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-to-present-non-traditional-budget-to-avoid-sovereign-default-strengthen-finances-87823/

• Govt. Printing goes on leave while printing budget speech?

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Govt-Printing-goes-on-leave-while-printing-budget-speech/108-224600

• Sri Lanka budget 2022 to pick winners amid money printing crisis

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-budget-2022-to-pick-winners-amid-money-printing-crisis-87855/

• Will Bangladesh Be A Victim Of Chinese Debt Trap? – OpEd

‘‘Debt-Trap Diplomacy’, a widely used narrative against China, is thought to be originated from ‘infrastructure war’ between China and Western Allies.’

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/12/will-bangladesh-be-a-victim-of-chinese-debt-trap-oped/

• Cambodia Can Benefit From Following ‘Bangladesh’s Thriving Through Mega Projects’ Model

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/12/cambodia-can-benefit-from-following-bangladeshs-thriving-through-mega-projects-model/

_________________________________________________________________________

C5. Workers (Inadequate Stats, Wasteful Transport, Unmodern Plantations, Services)

ee Workers attempts to correct the massive gaps and disinformation about workers, urban and rural and their representatives (trade unions, etc), and to highlight the need for organized worker power

• One die when mounds of earth collapsed on pipe laying workers in Narahenpita

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/One-die-when-mounds-of-earth-collapsed-on-pipe-laying-workers-in-Narahenpita/108-224645

• 50,000 health workers on token strike

– island.lk/50000-health-workers-on-token-strike/

• National Organisation for Preservation of Rights of Retired Personnel and Inter-university Service Trade Union Confederation protest campaigns

– timesonline.lk/news-online/In-pictures-Protests-continue-unabated/2-1135890

• Private sector TUs agitate for Rs.10,000 wage hike

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/business-times/private-sector-tus-agitate-for-rs-10000-wage-hike-460794.html

• Trade Unions demand pay hike to match CoL

– timesonline.lk/news-online/In-pictures-Trade-Unions-demand-pay-hike-to-match-CoL/2-1135838

• Strike a warning for course correction – Sunday Times

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/editorial/strike-a-warning-for-course-correction-461240.html

• CEB engineers warn of sudden strike action if Govt. goes ahead with US deal

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/news/ceb-engineers-warn-of-sudden-strike-action-if-govt-goes-ahead-with-us-deal-461347.html

• Massive Protest in Mawanella as Teachers & Principals demand arrest of local politicos

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/07/massive-protest-in-mawanella-as-teachers-principals-demand-arrest-of-local-politicos/

– economynext.com/teachers-health-workers-in-sri-lanka-promise-tu-action-on-nov-9-over-salary-issues-87688/

• Sri Lanka to allocate Rs 30 bn for teachers’ pay hike to be paid in one go

‘Govt. agrees to settle teachers’ salary anomalies: TUs’

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Govt-agrees-to-settle-teachers-salary-anomalies-TUs/108-224466

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-govt-agree-to-pay-teacher-unions-pay-hike-in-one-go-tu-leader-87814/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/10/finance-minister-agreed-to-wage-hike-of-teachers-principals-trade-unions

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-to-allocate-rs-30-bn-for-teachers-pay-hike-to-be-paid-in-one-go-87898/

• Inland Revenue employees protest demanding Rs.10, 000 salary hike

– ft.lk/ft_tv/Inland-Revenue-employees-protest-demanding-Rs-10-000-salary-hike/10520-725618

• PHIs take exception to new Gazette issued by Health Minister

– island.lk/phis-take-exception-to-new-gazette-issued-by-health-minister/

• Devananda keen to obtain release of fishers detained in Andaman Island

– island.lk/devananda-keen-to-obtain-release-of-fishers-detained-in-andaman-island/

• Remittances by SL migrant workers unaffected by new conversion rules

– timesonline.lk/news-online/Remittances-by-SL-migrant-workers-unaffected-by-new-conversion-rules/2-1135839

• Future Benefits for SL Expatriates Working Abroad to be Linked to Quantum of Remittances

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/future-benefits-for-sri-lankan-expatriates-working-abroad-to-be-linked-to-quantum-of-remittances/

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-to-give-sweetners-to-expat-workers-as-dollars-lost-to-informal-channels-87816/

– timesonline.lk/news-online/Positive-move-by-Central-Bank-for-Sri-Lankan-expatriate-workers/2-1135881

• Kin of dead Sri Lankan files criminal complaint against Japan immigration officials

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Kin-of-dead-Sri-Lankan-files-criminal-complaint-against-Japan-immigration-officials/108-224555

• Stranded migrants on Poland & Belarus Border

– dailymirror.lk/latest_news/Stranded-migrants/342-224471

• Breaking the Silence: Hill Country Tamils in the North

‘A consistent feature in most of these villages are the lack of agricultural land for its residents, and when they have land there is no irrigation’

– dailymirror.lk/opinion/Breaking-the-Silence-Hill-Country-Tamils-in-the-North/231-224243

• ‘Sri Lankan tea’s current crisis only reinforces the value of productivity-linked wages’

‘SL’s plantation sector is also weighed down with one of the lowest labour productivity rates in the world’

– island.lk/sri-lankan-teas-current-crisis-only-reinforces-the-value-of-productivity-linked-wages/

• Recruitment examination for Survey Assistants will be held next week.

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/amendments-will-be-made-expeditiously-to-pay-the-actual-value-of-the-property-acquired-for-development-activities-minister-sm-chandrasena/

• Ceylon Federation of Labour says Retirement Age Bill, a bold step

‘non-permanent employees constitute the overwhelming majority in the labour force…only 24% of workers enjoy permanent status’

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/business-times/cfl-says-retirement-age-bill-a-bold-step-460844.html

– island.lk/ministerial-consultative-committee-on-labour-approves-raising-retirement-age-in-private-sector/

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Bill-to-extend-private-sector-employees-retirement-age-passed-in-Parliament/108-224563

• Move to deduct pension for insurance scheme ruthless: Dr. Harini

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Move-to-deduct-pension-for-insurance-scheme-ruthless-Dr-Harini/108-224232

• 10-year wait for MP pension

– ft.lk/front-page/10-year-wait-for-MP-pension/44-725878

• Education for some but not for others: Learning support, disability, and free education

– island.lk/education-for-some-but-not-for-others-learning-support-disability-and-free-education/

• GMOA Plan to Reduce Medical Course Years

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/plus/letters-to-the-editor-460981.html

• Asela Wavita elected president of Ceylon Hotel School Graduates Association

– island.lk/asela-wavita-elected-president-of-chsga/

• University of Peradeniya: Place for multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research activities to tackle 21st century challenges

– island.lk/university-of-peradeniya-place-for-multidisciplinary-and-interdisciplinary-research-activities-to-tackle-21st-century-challenges/

• The Pearl Banks

– island.lk/the-pearl-banks/

• How China Is Addressing Education Inequality

– newsclick.in/how-china-addressing-education-inequality

• The Ideological Condition: History, Race & Gender – Discussion with Himani Bannerji

– youtube.com/watch?v=1BbdaBGYJZA

• Thirteen Theses of Marxism-Feminism

– socialistproject.ca/2021/11/thirteen-theses-marxism-feminism/

• Neoliberalism, Unions, and the Left – Sam Gindin

‘A chat about a wide-range of topics involving the state of labour in North America. We try to dissect the pesky truth of neoliberalism, the limits of unions, and what is next for the Left under Biden.’

https://socialistproject.ca/podcast/neoliberalism-unions-left-sam-gindin

_________________________________________________________________________

C6. Agriculture (Robbery of rural home market; Machines, if used, mainly imported)

ee Agriculture emphasizes the failure to industrialize on an agriculture that keeps the cultivator impoverished under moneylender and merchant, and the need to protect the rural home market. Also, importation of agricultural machinery, lack of rural monetization and commercialization, etc.

• Budget 2022 allocates Rs. 85 b for President’s ‘Gama Samaga Pilisandara’ initiative

‘“We can trace back all Budget estimates in recent history from 1886. I would like to point out that this is the first instance when such a huge amount of allocation is provided for rural development,”’

– ft.lk/front-page/Budget-2022-allocates-Rs-85-b-for-President-s-Gama-Samaga-Pilisandara-initiative/44-725876

• Private sector management hasn’t enhanced performance of state-owned rubber estates

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/business-times/private-sector-management-hasnt-enhanced-performance-of-state-owned-rubber-estates-460823.html

• Torrential rains create havoc

– ft.lk/news/Torrential-rains-create-havoc/56-725650

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/09/extreme-weather-major-flood-warning-for-maha-oya-river-basin

– timesonline.lk/news-online/Islandwide-bad-weather-Five-dead-two-injured-over-1100-families-affected/2-1135832

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/10/red-alert-issued-for-bay-of-bengal-low-pressure-area

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/11/torrential-rains-trigger-deadly-flooding-in-sri-lanka-india/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/13/low-pressure-area-likely-over-south-andaman-sea-met-dept/

• Eastern Province: 150 tanks to be rehabilitated

– island.lk/eastern-province-150-tanks-to-be-rehabilitated/

• The Era of the Combine Harvester has finally come to Polonnaruwa (2009)

‘the most sophisticated tool was the Tsunami, a machine that threshed and separated into a bagging the cut paddy… introduced into general use three years ago and now that has been superceded by the Kubota combine harvester’

– villagerinsrilanka.blogspot.com/2009/03/organic-virgin-coconut-oil-manufactured_18.html

• National Aquatic Resources Research & Development Agency (NARA) allows bottom trawling in northern waters: Devananda

– island.lk/devananda-nara-has-allowed-bottom-trawling-in-northern-waters/

• There will be a shortage of food – Basil

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/07/there-will-be-a-shortage-of-food-basil/

• Sajith accuses govt. of pushing country towards grave food shortage

– island.lk/sajith-accuses-govt-of-pushing-country-towards-grave-food-shortage/

• Nano-fertiliser imports from India despite local scientist discovering concept 10 years ago

– island.lk/lanka-imports-nano-fertiliser-from-india-despite-local-scientist-discovering-the-concept-10-years-ago/

• The Truth about Rajarata Kidney Disease and the Deity Natha

– youtube.com/watch?v=MdiTsV9WTvg

• Fertiliser ban threatens food security; banned products reaching hands of farmers: Croplife

‘CropLife SL, an association of agricultural product importers, distributors of crop protection products… CropLife & member companies have registered around 150 molecules under Registrar of Pesticides.’

– ft.lk/front-page/Fertiliser-ban-threatens-food-security-banned-products-reaching-hands-of-farmers/44-725712

– island.lk/organic-fertilisers-and-so-called-fertiliser-mafia

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/12/the-fertiliser-mafia-debilitating-sri-lankas-agricultural-wellbeing/

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/11/sri-lanka-paddy-crop-slated-to-drop-after-chemical-fertiliser-ban

• Govt. revokes condition on sugar and rice purchases via Sathosa

– ft.lk/news/Govt-revokes-condition-on-sugar-and-rice-purchases-via-Sathosa/56-725649

• Sri Lanka lifts ‘maize mafia’ tax for nutritional supplement

‘Sri Lanka has a so-called ‘maize mafia’ of collectors who have persuaded politicians to slap high import taxes on maize and start a licence raj for imports of grain for poultry feed.’

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-lifts-maize-mafia-tax-for-nutritional-supplement-87793/

• Effigies burnt to hamper organic fertiliser drive – Prelate

– island.lk/effigies-burnt-to-hamper-organic-fertiliser-drive-prelate/

• What Protections did Fertilizer lobby Take Against Kidney Disease?

– kalaya.org/2021/11/blog-post_8.html#more

• Farmers ‘clueless’ about artificial chemical fertiliser

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/news/farmers-clueless-about-artificial-chemical-fertiliser-461298.html

• SL bound to pay US$ 8 million to Chinese Company: Vijitha

– dailymirror.lk/latest_news/SL-bound-to-pay-US-8-million-to-Chinese-Company-Vijitha/342-224387

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/10/sl-plant-quarantine-service-receives-lod-from-qingdao-npqs-maintains-it-position/

• Chinese company demands US$8Mn from National Plant Quarantine Services Dy. Director

– dailymirror.lk/latest_news/Chinese-company-demands-US-8-Mn-from-National-Plant-Quarantine-Services-Dy-Director/342-224241

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/07/chinese-fertilizer-company-issues-letter-of-demand-for-us-8-million-in-three-days-for-alleged-improper-rejection/

– economynext.com/chinese-fertilizer-firm-demands-us8mn-in-damages-from-sri-lanka-testing-agency-87662/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/07/pay-us-us-8-mill-in-3-days-or-else-chinese-fertilizer-co-tells-sri-lanka/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/07/legal-action-against-sl-plant-quarantine-service-media-a-possibility-qingdao-seawin/

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/08/cracks-appear-in-china-sri-lanka-relations/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/08/chinese-fertilizer-qingdao-delegation-in-colombo-to-meet-agri-minister/

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-environmental-lawyer-questions-lack-of-outrage-over-chinese-fertilizer-issue-87775/

• Despite court order, controversial Chinese fertiliser ship inching towards Colombo Port

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/news/despite-court-order-controversial-chinese-fertiliser-ship-inching-towards-colombo-port-461340.html

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/08/hippo-spirit-with-rejected-chinese-fertilizer-now-anchored-off-kalutara-coast/

• Chinese fertilizer will be obtained if it’s supplied within required standards’

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/09/chinese-fertilizer-will-be-obtained-if-its-supplied-within-required-standards/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/13/chinese-fertilizer-will-not-be-re-tested-director-general-of-agriculture/

• Fertilizer needed for coconut cultivation to be imported

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/08/fertilizer-needed-for-coconut-cultivation-to-be-imported/

• Chilli farmers suffer due to lack of dryers with produce rotting away

– ft.lk/ft_tv/Chilli-farmers-suffer-due-to-lack-of-dryers-with-produce-rotting-away/10520-725554

• Tea exporters to achieve $1.3 b revenue, 280 m/kg volume targets

‘Ceylon Tea dominates the world’s orthodox tea production by producing more than 47%.’

– ft.lk/front-page/Tea-exporters-to-achieve-1-3-b-revenue-280-m-kg-volume-targets/44-725658

• Hayleys Tea Plantation expert slams ‘politicisation of science’ by two administrations

– island.lk/plantation-expert-slams-politicisation-of-science-by-two-administrations

• Gammadda Sahana Yathra initiative continues relief measures

‘partners with A-Pad (Asia Pacific Alliance for Disaster Management) & SL Life Saving Association.

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/11/gammadda-sahana-yathra-initiative-continues-relief-measures/

• Keells drives sustainable agri practices through innovation and collaboration

– ft.lk/dining/Keells-drives-sustainable-agri-practices-through-innovation-and-collaboration/39-725776

• Businessmen, politicians rape isolated NWP forests aggravating elephant-human conflict – MONLAR

– island.lk/businessmen-politicians-rape-isolated-forests-of-nwp-aggravating-elephant-human-conflict-monlar/

• Proposed coastal structures for Mawella Bay causing concern among investors

– island.lk/proposed-coastal-structures-for-mawella-bay-causing-concern-among-investors/

• Rare mangrove species found in Benthara Ganga

– island.lk/rare-mangrove-species-found-in-benthara-ganga/

• G20 States Scheme to Avoid Economic Commitments at COP26

– socialistproject.ca/2021/11/g20-states-scheme-avoid-commitments-cop26/

• The Great Organic-Food Fraud

‘There’s no way to confirm that a crop was grown organically. Randy Constant exploited our trust in the labels—and made a fortune.’

– newyorker.com/magazine/2021/11/15/the-great-organic-food-fraud

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C7. Industry (False definitions, anti-industrial sermons, rentier/entrepreneur, etc)

ee Industry notes the ignorance about industrialization (versus handicraft and manufacture), the dependence on importing foreign machinery, the need to make machines that make machines, build a producer culture. False definitions of industry, entrepreneur, etc, abound, and the need for a holistic political, economic and military strategy to overcome the domination by merchants and moneylenders.

• No maximum benefit from Ilmenite and Rutile used to produce Titanium Dioxide

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/business-times/sri-lanka-fails-to-achieve-black-gold-export-targets-460847.html

• Oil price stalks another superpower

‘OPEC+ ignored Biden’s demand for oil output boost’

– indianpunchline.com/oil-price-stalks-another-superpower/

• Rejecting request for offshore block in Mannar Basin for oil exploration puts Oman’s loan to CPC on hold

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/business-times/omans-3-6-b-loan-to-cpc-hangs-on-the-balance-460887.html

• Sri Lanka to allocate Rs 500 mn to facilitate private investment in renewable energy

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-to-allocate-rs-500-mn-to-facilitate-private-investment-in-renewable-energy-87909/

• Sri Lanka central bank calls for fuel pricing formula

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-central-bank-calls-for-fuel-pricing-formula-87837/

• Sri Lanka explores grid connectivity with India: Power Minister Gamini Lokuge

– dailymirror.lk/hard-talk/Sri-Lanka-explores-grid-connectivity-with-India-Power-Minister-Gamini-Lokuge/334-224337

• US New Fortress Energy can resell Yugadhanavi shares to an Indian Co.

– dailymirror.lk/hard-talk/Sri-Lanka-explores-grid-connectivity-with-India-Power-Minister-Gamini-Lokuge/334-224337

• New Fortress energy deal: SLPP says it won’t give in to dissidents’ pressure

– island.lk/new-fortress-energy-deal-slpp-says-it-wont-give-in-to-dissidents-pressure/

• Ranil’s demand tabling of Yugadanavi agreement

– island.lk/ranils-demand-leads-to-heated-exchange-between-govt-and-opposition/

• New Fortress deal conflicts with policy on renewables

– island.lk/new-fortress-deal-conflicts-with-policy-on-renewables/

• Yugadanavi Power Plant and economic patriotism due to old left and false patriotism

– ft.lk/columns/Yugadanavi-Power-Plant-and-economic-patriotism/4-725561

• AG requests SC to appoint full bench to take up FR petitions on Yugadhanavi power plant

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/12/ag-requests-sc-to-appoint-full-bench-to-take-up-fr-petitions-on-yugadhanavi-power-plant/

• Demand for kerosene two times higher, 550 metric tons sell daily: Gammanpila

– dailymirror.lk/latest_news/Demand-for-kerosene-two-times-higher-550-metric-tons-sell-daily-Gammanpila/342-224390

• Shortage of gas in the market due to ‘crooked racketeers’

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/columns/the-tone-deaf-indifference-of-ruling-politicians-to-the-despairing-electorate-461236.html

• Govt. auditors returning to Litro offices after a lapse of two years

– island.lk/govt-auditors-returning-to-litro-offices-after-a-lapse-of-two-years/

• LPG bulk imports to prevent cooking fuel shortage

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/business-times/lpg-bulk-imports-to-prevent-cooking-fuel-shortage-460890.html

• HNB-Lakdhanavi partner to finance SL’s first-ever LNG-based combined cycle power plant

– dailymirror.lk/financial-news/HNB-Lakdhanavi-partner-to-finance-SLs-first-ever-LNG-based-combined-cycle-power-plant/265-224414

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-hnb-to-lead-syndicated-loan-for-lng-combined-cycle-plan-87767/

• Sri Lankan Resus Energy renewable firm given A+(lka) rating by Fitch

– economynext.com/sri-lankan-resus-energy-renewable-firm-given-alka-rating-by-fitch-87773/

• Should Sri Lanka engage LNG floating regassification vessel for electric power?

‘Deep water technology is largely with the majors such as Shell, Exxon-Mobil, Chevron, TOTAL, etc. They have made significant losses in recent years and are unable to self-fund having no access to finance.’

– island.lk/should-sri-lanka-engage-lng-floating-regassification-vessel-for-electric-power/

• The convoluted LNG–NG story: What do we need? LNG or NG or neither?

– island.lk/the-convoluted-lng-ng-story-what-do-we-need-lng-or-ng-or-neither/

• Solar energy: System Increases Levy Minus Gazette

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/plus/letters-to-the-editor-460981.html

• Vidullanka reports PAT of Rs. 448 m for 1H (from Africa too!)

– ft.lk/business/Vidullanka-reports-PAT-of-Rs-448-m-for-1H/34-725807

• SLPA raising external funds for ECT deviating from original plan

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/business-times/slpa-raising-external-funds-for-ect-deviating-from-original-plan-460906.html

• India’s Answer to Chinese Ports in Sri Lanka

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/12/indias-answer-to-chinese-ports-in-sri-lanka/

• Safety and security challenges in the shipping industry

‘My experience in the field of industrial security from 1976, after my stint in the Police and the Intelligence Division…’

– ft.lk/columns/Safety-and-security-challenges-in-the-shipping-industry/4-725642

• Sri Lanka to set up tuk tuk regulator despite bus regulation debacle

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-to-set-up-tuk-tuk-regulator-despite-bus-regulation-debacle-87912/

• Sri Lanka to set up three new ‘techno parks’ by 2023

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-to-set-up-three-new-techno-parks-by-2023-87907/

• Centre for Defence Research & Development (CDRD) presents inventions to state-run systems

– island.lk/cdrd-presents-an-array-of-inventions-to-the-state-run-systems/

• GRI’s new US$ 25mn mixing plant in Mirigama on schedule

‘“We have introduced a state-of-the-art production system to this plant with high-tech machinery from Germany that will be used for mixing and milling’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/GRIs-new-US-25mn-mixing-plant-in-Mirigama-on-schedule/273-224613

• Govt. promotes local vehicle assembly with tax reliefs

– island.lk/govt-promotes-local-vehicle-assembly-with-tax-reliefsby-saman-indrajith/

• Vehicle Importers Association list budget proposals to buy quality vehicle at reasonable price

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/VIASL-listed-several-budget-proposals-to-purchase-quality-vehicle-at-reasonable-price/108-224459

– ft.lk/top-story/Vehicle-importers-look-for-restart-from-2022-Budget/26-725765

• Fraudulent Institute of Information Technology (SLIIT) takeover

– island.lk/fraudulent-sliit-takeover-next-date-of-hearing-dec-1/

• SL Digital Economy has reached 4.37% of GDP says ICTA and UNCTAD

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/sri-lankas-digital-economy-has-reached-4-37-of-gdp-says-icta-and-unctad-digital-policy-paper/

• Cement prices hiked after removal of MRP

– ft.lk/front-page/Cement-prices-hiked-after-removal-of-MRP/44-725595

• Tokyo Cement lays foundation for additional 1mn MT manufacturing expansion

‘Tokyo Cement Group Chairman Dr. Harsha Cabral PC, Managing Director S.R. Gnanam, Board of Directors Member Ravi Dias and Executive Director Christopher Fernando were joined by Raddella Holdings/Hanco Constructions Chairman Nihal Raddella’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Tokyo-Cement-lays-foundation-for-additional-1mn-MT-manufacturing-expansion/273-224667

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/tokyo-cement-lays-foundation-for-additional-1mn-mt-manufacturing-expansion/

• SLT-MOBITEL clarifies misinformation on management of Government Cloud and NMRA

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/slt-mobitel-clarifies-misinformation-regarding-the-management-of-the-lanka-government-cloud-and-providing-services-to-nmra-2/

• Loss of Rs. 125m by giving PCR contract to a particular company

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/news/loss-of-rs-125m-by-giving-pcr-contract-to-a-particular-company-461343.html

• Prez urged to implement GMOA project to tackle chronic kidney disease

– island.lk/prez-urged-to-implement-gmoa-project-to-tackle-chronic-kidney-disease/

• COPE exposes BoI squandered over Rs 3.3 billion, recruited 7 persons outside procedures

– ft.lk/front-page/COPE-summons-BOI/44-725718

– island.lk/cope-exposes-how-boi-squandered-over-rs-3-3-billion-recruited-7-persons-outside-procedures-with-big-salaries

– island.lk/over-rs-3-3-bn-wasted-boi-unions-urge-govt-to-act-on-cope-revelations

– ft.lk/business/BOI-clarifies-media-reports-on-COPE-meeting/34-725858

• Hemas Holdings 2Q22 revenue stood at Rs.36.2 billion

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/strong-first-half-performance-highlights-resilience-of-hemas-core-sectors/

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/strong-first-half-performance-highlights-resilience-of-hemas-core-sectors/

• Canada announces $1.3 m grant to SL for COVID assistance through WHO Sri Lanka

– ft.lk/news/Canada-announces-1-3-m-grant-to-SL-for-COVID-assistance-through-WHO-Sri-Lanka/56-725590

• German investors interested in Sri Lanka’s health sector – envoy

– island.lk/german-investors-interested-in-sri-lankas-health-sector-envoy/

• Reinventing the face of the Handloom Industry for future sustainability

– island.lk/reinventing-the-face-of-the-handloom-industry-for-future-sustainability/

• India’s Ambani-owned Reliance Industries acquires amanté from MAS Holdings

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Indias-Ambani-owned-Reliance-Industries-acquires-amant%C3%A9-from-MAS-Holdings/273-224617

– ft.lk/front-page/Ambani-s-Reliance-Industries-buys-amant%C3%A9-from-MAS-Holdings/44-725789

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/12/indian-billionaire-ambanis-reliance-industries-acquires-amante-from-mas-holdings/

• Hayleys Fabric group revenues 2Q22 Rs.8.16 billion boosted by strong demand for textiles

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Hayleys-Fabric-September-performance-boosted-by-strong-demand-for-textiles/273-224274

• Fabric assembler Teejay Lanka consolidates in Q2 to post 6-month revenue of Rs 23.1 billion

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/teejay-lanka-consolidates-in-q2-to-post-6-month-revenue-of-rs-23-1-billion

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Higher-demand-capacity-increases-and-weaker-rupee-boost-Teejay-2Q/273-224507

• Dipped Products 2Q earnings decline on sharp rise in costs, moderation in sales

‘Billionaire businessman Dhammika Perera-controlled Hayleys, together with other group entities held a 57.06% stake, while Employees’ Provident Fund had 4.6%, being its second largest shareholder’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Dipped-Products-2Q-earnings-decline-on-sharp-rise-in-costs-moderation-in-sales/273-224510

• Rafale Deal: French Journal Makes Fresh Claims of Dubious Contracts and False Invoices

‘despite existence of false invoices in fighter jet deal, Indian probes decided not to pursue matter.

– newsclick.in/rafale-deal-french-journal-fresh-claims-dubious-contracts-false-invoices

• Bangladesh’s Mega Projects help revive its economy during this pandemic

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/07/bangladeshs-mega-projects-help-bangladesh-in-reviving-its-economy-during-this-pandemic

• Canadian firm Sherritt to increase investments to produce more nickel and cobalt in Cuba

– radiohc.cu/en/noticias/nacionales/276532-canadian-firm-sherritt-to-increase-investments-to-produce-more-nickel-and-cobalt-in-cuba

• On Testing Steel

‘ A metallurgist in Washington state pleaded guilty to fraud Monday after she spent decades faking the results of strength tests on steel that was being used to make U.S. Navy submarines.’

– moonofalabama.org/2021/11/on-testing-steel.html

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C8. Finance (Making money from money, banks, lack of investment in modernity)

ee Finance tracks the effects of financialization, the curious role of ratings agencies, false indices, etc., and the rule of moneylenders.

• Rogue traders, mafia members to oblivious punters, Colombo stock market sees it all

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/business-times/low-free-float-shares-excite-stock-market-460833.html

• Sri Lanka stock index slips from record high close amid new tax speculation from budget

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-stock-index-slips-from-record-high-close-amid-new-tax-speculation-from-budget-87928

• Blacklisting of People’s Bank and impact on international business

– ft.lk/columns/Blacklisting-of-People-s-Bank-and-impact-on-international-business/4-725620

• Sampath Bank profit after tax (PAT) of Rs 98 Bn for 1H22

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/sampath-bank-maintains-its-sustainable-growth-trajectory/

• Sarvodaya sees Sri Lanka’s economic progress via ‘horizontal sharing’ model

‘over 60 financial institutions including licenced banks, specialized banks, and finance companies, rural entrepreneurs are still struggling for capital to start or expand their business enterprises’

– economynext.com/sarvodaya-sees-sri-lankas-economic-progress-via-horizontal-sharing-model-87675/

• LOLC subsidiary Commercial Leasing & Finance 2Q profit soars on robust loan growth

‘LOLC Holdings has 98.92% stake in CLC, while subsidiary Browns Investments has 0.62%.’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/CLC-2Q-profit-soars-on-robust-loan-growth/273-224278

• CLC drags down CSE after Dubai comment

‘companies without adequate free float could be penalised’

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-stocks-hit-record-high-clc-drags-down-after-dubai-comment-87687/

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Shares-drop-over-2-as-financials-industrials-weigh/273-224424

– ft.lk/front-page/ASPI-plunges-in-risky-investor-behaviour-turnover-soars-to-over-Rs-12-b/44-725714

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-stock-index-falls-after-touching-new-peak-on-clc-amid-dumping-of-speculative-shares-87784/

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-cse-transfers-illiquid-shares-to-second-board-no-new-penalties-planned-ceo-87696/

• Lanka Credit & Business Finance ready to expand branch network following successful IPO

‘LCB Finance has partnered with LIRIDI Lanka Ltd. to promote micro business to channel development funds into the grass root levels. Sampath Bank was the Banker to the IPO whilst Corporate Services was the Registrar and NDB Investment Bank was the manager to the same.’

– ft.lk/business/LCB-Finance-ready-to-expand-branch-network-following-successful-IPO/34-725860

• Sri Lanka bond markets quiet ahead of budget

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-bond-markets-quiet-ahead-of-budget-87873/

• Sri Lanka sells Rs40bn in 2024, 2031 bonds

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-sells-rs40bn-in-2024-2031-bonds-87844/

• Sri Lanka rupee dollar swap discounts widen, some interbank outright trades

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-rupee-dollar-swap-discounts-widen-some-interbank-outright-trades-87826/

• Capital Alliance Limited (CAL) announces IPO to raise Rs.412mn

‘CAL is one of the five non-bank primary dealers in the country. It forms the securities trading arm of Capital Alliance Group (CAL), which deals in government securities & corporate debt securities.’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/CAL-announces-IPO-to-raise-Rs-412mn/273-224509

– ft.lk/front-page/CALT-to-be-first-standalone-non-bank-primary-dealer-to-list-via-Rs-412-m-IPO/44-725762

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/capital-alliance-limited-kicks-off-virtual-investor-forum/

• Bank of Ceylon-backed Merchant Bank of Sri Lanka & Finance raises Rs.2.1bn via rights

‘BOC directly owns 75 percent of the issued shares of MBSL.’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Bank-of-Ceylon-backed-MBSL-raises-Rs-2-1bn-via-rights/273-224422

• Agstar goes for Rs. 804 m Rights Issue

‘Sierra Holdings owned a 31.7% voting stake in Agstar and LOLC owned 19.58%. Other major shareholders are Browns Investments 13.10% and Sierra Construction Ltd. 12%. Sierra Holdings also owns 66.66% of non-voting shares, whilst the other major shareholder is Agstar Managing Director A.P. Weerasekera (33.33% stake)’

– ft.lk/front-page/Agstar-goes-for-Rs-804-m-Rights-Issue/44-725657

• Nations Trust Bank accelerates new loans in 3Q to record higher profits

‘John Keells Holdings PLC directly owns 19.72 percent stake in NTB’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/NTB-accelerates-new-loans-in-3Q-to-record-higher-profits/273-224614

• Laugfs Eco Sri listing delayed until legal battle with Commissioner of Motor Traffic over

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Laugfs-Eco-Sri-listing-to-be-delayed-until-legal-battle-over/273-224611

• Big Dubai diaspora draw for SL Investor Forum

– ft.lk/top-story/Big-Dubai-diaspora-draw-for-SL-Investor-Forum/26-725600

• Bangladesh is now a lending country!

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/08/bangladesh-is-now-a-lending-country-if-bangladesh-can-be-self-sufficient-lender-economic-miracle-in-south-asia-why-does-south-asia-not-take-lessons-from-bangladesh/

• US Inspector General’s Own Trading Is Dubious

– wallstreetonparade.com/2021/11/the-inspector-general-investigating-the-trading-scandal-at-the-fed-reports-to-fed-chair-jerome-powell-whose-own-trading-is-dubious/

• High Leverage Poses Threat to U.S. Financial Stability

– wallstreetonparade.com/2021/11/new-fed-report-shows-high-leverage-poses-threat-to-u-s-financial-stability-from-life-insurance-companies-to-hedge-funds/

• US Fed Chair Powell and JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon Met Privately

– wallstreetonparade.com/2021/11/jerome-powell-and-jamie-dimon-met-privately-on-september-30-weird-stuff-followed

• US Fed Blocking Release of Former Dallas Fed President’s Trading Records

– wallstreetonparade.com/2021/11/the-feds-board-of-governors-is-blocking-the-release-of-former-dallas-fed-president-robert-kaplans-trading-records/

• Wall Street Is Not Only Rigging Markets, It’s Also Rigging the Outcome of its Private Trials

– wallstreetonparade.com/2021/11/wall-street-is-not-only-rigging-markets-its-also-rigging-the-outcome-of-its-private-trials/

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C9. Business (Rentierism: money via imports, real-estate, tourism, insurance, fear, privatization)

ee Business aka ee Rentier focuses on diversions of the oligarchy, the domination by a merchant mafia, making money from unproductive land sales, tourism, insurance, advertising, etc. – the charade of press releases disguised as ‘news’

• Sri Lanka budget 2022: railway land for private development

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-budget-2022-railway-land-for-private-development-87905/

• Sri Lanka budget 2022: new law on export dollar conversion

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-budget-2022-new-law-on-export-dollar-conversion-87904/

• Taxes on Arrack, Beer & other liquor products increased with effect from Saturday (13)

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/13/taxes-on-arrack-beer-other-liquor-products-increased-with-effect-from-saturday-13/

• Ceylon Tobacco Company PLC (CTC) Turnover in 3Q22 was Rs. 31.7 billion

– ft.lk/front-page/COVID-third-wave-cuts-CTC-revenue-profit-by-28/44-725759

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/CTC-3Q-goes-up-in-smoke-as-lockdowns-hit-cigarette-sales/273-224616

• Swiss food giant, Nestlé S.A, parent of Nestle Lanka increase controlling stake to 91.95%

‘Nestle Lanka, which manufactures and markets Nescafe coffee, Maggi instant noodles, Nestomalt malted drinks, Milo and several other products, reported sales of Rs.11.3 billion for the third quarter’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Nimal-Perera-among-Nestle-Lankas-top-10-shareholders-Norges-Bank-exits/273-224423

• Lanka’s exports to China up by 111.2% so far this year

– island.lk/lankas-exports-to-china-up-by-111-2-so-far-this-year/

• Fully operational Port City likely to add US$13.8bn to GDP: PwC assessment

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Fully-operational-Port-City-likely-to-add-US-13-8bn-to-GDP-PwC-assessment/273-224421

• Sri Lanka Chamber links with ILO, US to create youth entrepreneurs

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-chamber-links-with-ilo-us-to-create-youth-entrepreneurs-87813/

• Sri Lanka Telecom rides pandemic-induced remote working and learning as 3Q profits surge

‘SL government’s National Treasury directly held 49.50% stake while Global Telecommunications Holdings NV, wholly owned subsidiary of Malaysian investment holding company, Usaha Tegas Sdn Bhd held 44.98%. Employees’ Provident Fund held another 1.40% as the third largest shareholder’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/SLT-rides-on-pandemic-induced-remote-working-and-learning-as-3Q-profits-surge/273-224419

– ft.lk/front-page/SLT-Group-builds-on-positives-in-Q3-poised-for-robust-year-end-results/44-725715

• Emirates Group revenue was AED 24.7 billion for H1-22

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/emirates-group-announces-half-year-performance-for-2021-22/

• Sunshine Holdings records revenue of Rs. 15.8 b in 1H22

– ft.lk/business/Sunshine-Holdings-records-44-top-line-growth-in-1H-amidst-macroeconomic-challenges/34-725806

• Damro Group cut holding in Agalawatte Plantations to comply with public float rules

‘Damro Group’s D.R. Investments held 93.20% stake in AGAL followed by 2.28% and 1.58% by Sonia Win-Yen Yang and Dr. T. Senthilverl.

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Damro-Group-believed-to-have-cut-holding-in-Agalawatte-Plantations-to-comply-with-public-float-rules/273-224279

• Amana Takaful Non-Motor Insurance grew by 45% while Motor insurance grew by 11%

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/amana-takaful-insurance-maintains-its-growth-record-for-a-successive-third-quarter

• Lion Brewery 2Q sales and profits slump due to lockdowns

‘Ceylon Beverage Holdings held a 52.25% stake, while Carlsberg Brewery Malaysia Berhard had a 25% stake, being the company’s second largest shareholder.’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Lion-Brewery-2Q-sales-and-profits-slump-due-to-lockdowns/273-224508

• Cargills with parent C T Holdings announce plans to set up a real estate subsidiary

‘interests in retail, food & beverage manufacturing and distribution and restaurant sectors’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Cargills-announces-group-restructuring-exercise/273-224615

• WSO2 secures US $ 90mn in growth capital from Goldman Sachs Asset Management

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/WSO2-secures-US-90mn-in-growth-capital-from-Goldman-Sachs-Asset-Management/273-224668

• Atman Group makes a strategic investment in Taprobane Seafoods

‘Taprobane Seafood has 15 processing facilities, employing over 2000 direct employees throughout the North-Western and Northern Provinces… Taprobane leadership of Timothy O’Reilly, Dilan Fernando and Sathya Rathnayake. Thai Union Executive Chairman Cheng Niruttinanon is a director…’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Atman-Group-makes-strategic-investment-in-Taprobane-Seafoods/273-224506

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/atman-group-makes-a-strategic-investment-in-taprobane-seafoods/

• Attention to irregularities in the issuance of land deeds

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/amendments-will-be-made-expeditiously-to-pay-the-actual-value-of-the-property-acquired-for-development-activities-minister-sm-chandrasena/

– island.lk/amendments-will-be-made-to-pay-the-actual-value-of-the-property-acquired-by-govt-minister/

• Debbie Jones appointed Women’s International Shipping & Trading Association SL president

– island.lk/debbie-jones-appointed-wista-sri-lanka-president/

• 100 Years of Colombo Jewellery Stores

– island.lk/100-days-to-100-years-cjs-counts-down-to-centenary-celebrations/

• Condo market appealing for dollar earners due to the weakening rupee.

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/condominium-developers-see-silver-lining-despite-covid-19/

• Prime Lands Residencies records revenue 3.7 Bn & NPAT of 708M

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/prime-lands-residencies-plc-records-milestone-achievement-of-revenue-3-7-bn-npat-of-708-mn-during-first-half-of-fy2021-22/

• Altair – biggest FDI in real estate business so far

‘Director/shareholder of South City Projects Kolkata Ltd (Indocean -the developer)’

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/business-times/altair-biggest-fdi-in-real-estate-business-so-far-460820.html

• Hatch & US Department of State Launches Sri Lanka’s First Female Accelerator

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/hatch-launches-sri-lankas-first-female-accelerator

• George Steuart Health donates ECG Machines to State Ministry

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/george-steuart-health-donates-ecg-machines-to-state-ministry/

• Sri Lanka and Bangladesh Can Benefit from Growing Trade Ties

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/06/sri-lanka-and-bangladesh-can-benefit-from-growing-trade-ties/

• MTI in Rwanda to launch East Africa ops and projects

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/MTI-in-Rwanda-to-launch-East-Africa-ops-and-projects/273-224416

• Sri Lanka embassy seeks to expand trade with Brazil

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-embassy-seeks-to-expand-trade-with-brazil-87782/

______________________________________________________

C10. Politics (Anti-parliament discourse, unelected constitution)

ee Politics points to the constant media diversions and the mercantile and financial forces behind the political actors, of policy taken over by private interests minus public oversight.

• Rs. 5 m boost for decentralised budget of MPs

– ft.lk/front-page/Rs-5-m-boost-for-decentralised-budget-of-MPs/44-725877

• Politics in Sri Lanka Part 2

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/06/politics-in-sri-lanka-part-2/

• Vaccines & the Shrine We Worshiped at Fell on our Heads

– kalaya.org/2021/11/blog-post_7.html#more

• Court further suspends Communist Party’s decision to remove Raja Collure

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Court-further-suspends-Communist-Partys-decision-to-remove-Raja-Collure/108-224630

• I will bring about the revolution I promised, but not through military rule, says President

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/news/i-will-bring-about-the-revolution-i-promised-but-not-through-military-rule-says-president-461337.html

– ft.lk/front-page/President-urges-youth-to-support-economic-transformation/44-725599

• Sri Lanka president makes changes to controversial ‘One Country, One Law’ task force

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-president-makes-changes-to-controversial-one-country-one-law-task-force-87799/

– ft.lk/front-page/New-Gazette-issued-with-changes-to-One-Country-One-Law-Task-Force/44-725760

• Sri Lankans’ inability to make rational choices when they elect their representatives.

– island.lk/let-the-search-begin/

• Sri Lanka’s ‘One Country, One Law’ task force seeks to divide not unite: JVP leader

– economynext.com/sri-lankas-one-country-one-law-task-force-seeks-to-divide-not-unite-jvp-leader-87818/

• From the authors of 18A and 19A

– island.lk/from-the-authors-of-18a-and-19a/

• Systemic change, not changing of faces is the need of the hour says Frontline Socialists

– island.lk/systemic-change-not-changing-of-faces-is-the-need-of-the-hour-says-frontline-socialists/

• Probe launched into protest by FSP activists

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/10/probe-launched-into-protest-by-fsp-activists

– island.lk/arrests-over-kotelawela-defence-university-bill-kaduwela-magistrate-alleges-interference/

• Govt.’s popularity fast diminishing as never before: NPP Amarasuriya

– dailymirror.lk/latest_news/Govt-s-popularity-fast-diminishing-as-never-before-NPP/342-224217

– island.lk/no-other-govt-became-so-unpopular-within-such-a-short-period-jvp/

• Lack of consultations led to government’s taking inappropriate and unpopular decisions

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/06/lack-of-consultations-has-led-to-lankan-governments-taking-inappropriate-and-unpopular-decisions/

• General election campaign carried out at the expense of the economy

– island.lk/rising-up-with-fleas/

• MP Rasamanickam seeks Speaker’s protection from Governor of EP

– island.lk/mp-rasamanickam-seeks-speakers-protection-from-governor-of-ep/

• Pivithuru Hela Urumaya proposes 50% representation in national list for women

– timesonline.lk/news-online/PHU-proposes-50-percent-representation-in-national-list-for-women/2-1135874

• SLPP crisis is of numbers, and solely self-inflicted – Philip

– island.lk/americas-sneeze-and-sri-lankas-pneumonia/

• The Ending of the JVP’s Permanent Revolution

– kalaya.org/2021/11/blog-post_12.html

• Where Gotabaya was Right and Mahinda was Wrong – Jayatilleka

‘Sirimavo Bandaranaike government was doomed because of the extreme economic hardship the citizens had to undergo because of horrible policies’

– island.lk/where-gotabaya-was-right-and-mahinda-was-wrong/

• Gota’s War 2: Peasantry as collateral damage – Jayatilleka

‘The main Opposition’s aspirant Shadow Cabinet must abandon shopworn rightwing clichés such as “hard choices,” “there’s no such thing as a free lunch”.’

– ft.lk/columns/Gota-s-War-2-Peasantry-as-collateral-damage/4-725743

• President can do with kalyana mithuro – USAID’s National Peace Council

– island.lk/president-can-do-with-kalyana-mithuro/

• Godahewa explains body blow country suffered at Computer Society Conclave

‘Panel was Jayantha de Silva, Secretary Ministry of Technology, Rohan Fernando Chairman SLT, Kumar Parakala, President at GHD Digital USA and invited member of Forbes Business Council, Sujeewa Rajapaksa, Chairman People’s Bank and Damith Hettihewa President CSSL and Managing Director of Nimbus Cloud Lanka Ltd. The session was moderated by Arjuna Seneviratne, Leading development Strategist and Former Director of the Strategic Enterprise Management Agency (SEMA)’

– island.lk/godahewa-explains-body-blow-country-suffered-but-says-future-is-bright-through-innovation/

• Sri Lanka government heading into a perfect storm: EconomyNext Opinion

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-government-heading-into-a-perfect-storm-opinion-87821/

• The National Question – Fighting minority battle from overseas

– dailymirror.lk/opinion/The-National-Question-Fighting-the-minoritys-battle-from-overseas/172-224576

• “Attacks on Muslims were part of a conspiracy” – Dilantha Withanage (Former BBS CEO) –

– dailymirror.lk/hard-talk/Attacks-on-Muslims-were-part-of-a-conspiracy-Dilantha-WithanageFormer-BBS-CEO/334-224517

• India and Sri Lanka Parliamentary Friendship Association revived

– newsfirst.lk/2021/11/12/india-and-sri-lanka-parliamentary-friendship-association-revived

– island.lk/india-sri-lanka-parliamentary-friendship-association-established-for-the-9th-parliament/

• Ravages of the Rangoon

– island.lk/ravages-of-the-rangoon/

• Coronation of the Rubber-Rice Pact between Sri Lanka and China – De Vos

– island.lk/coronation-of-the-rubber-rice-pact-between-sri-lanka-and-china/

• J R Jayewardene’s racism, Cold War posturing and the Indian debacle – Wijesinghe

– island.lk/j-r-jayewardenes-racism-cold-war-posturing-and-the-indian-debacle/

• Sir Oliver Goonetilleke: Life in exile

‘He first met his second wife Phyllis Miller when she visited Ceylon as secretary to the Soulbury Commission.’

– island.lk/sir-oliver-goonetilleke-life-in-exile/

• India’s Descent to a Presidential State and the Birth of ‘Parliamentary Dictatorship’

– newsclick.in/India-Descent-Presidential-State-Birth-Parliamentary-Dictatorship

• “Democracy Means Dialogue, Debate, Discussion…”

‘People have been brainwashed into accepting a divisive ideology.’

– newsclick.in/Democracy-Means-Dialogue-Debate-Discussion

• Nicaragua Celebrates Democracy: an Election Day Report

– blackagendareport.com/nicaragua-celebrates-democracy-election-day-report

• Are Black People the Crash Test Dummies for US Democrats?

– blackagendareport.com/are-black-people-crash-test-dummies-democrats

• The Hood Communist Guide to the US Blockade on Cuba

– blackagendareport.com/hood-communist-guide-us-blockade-cuba

• You Can’t Abolish the State’s Institutions without Abolishing the State that Created Them

– blackagendareport.com/you-cant-abolish-states-institutions-without-abolishing-state-created-them

__________________________________________________________

C11. Media (Mis/Coverage of economics, technology, science and art)

ee Media shows how corporate media monopoly determines what is news, art, culture, etc. The media is part of the public relations (corporate propaganda) industry. The failure to highlight our priorities, the need to read between the lines. To set new perspectives and priorities.

• Bandaranaike Centre for International Studies launches Youth Leadership Academy

‘Sunil Wijesiriwardena will function as the Director of the above programme’

– island.lk/bcis-launches-youth-leadership-academy/

• Chinese words in Sinhala

– gammiris.lk

• TV-Broadcast Guru Frauds, Muslim Girls & Sajith

– kalaya.org/2021/11/blog-post_11.ht

• Buddhism – the defining characteristic of Sri Lanka

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/11/buddhism-the-defining-characteristic-of-sri-lanka

• Uncancelling those cancelled histories

‘English historian Robert Montgomery Martin collected skeletons & worked in Ceylon’

– sundaytimes.lk/211107/plus/uncancelling-those-cancelled-histories-461024.html

• Saga of the takeover of Kandy seen through English eyes in 1876

– dailymirror.lk/news-features/Saga-of-the-takeover-of-Kandy-seen-through-British-eyes/131-224429

• Reminiscences of Dangedera village in Galle

– island.lk/reminiscences-of-dangedera-village-in-galle/

• Real-Life Communist Heroes of Jai Bhim

‘Communist leaders are at the centre stage in the movie unlike mainstream films that portray their struggles but erase their characters.’

– newsclick.in/Real-Life-Communist-Heroes-Jai-Bhim

• Gemini Ganesan: On-screen Romancer and Off-screen Casanova

– dailymirror.lk/recomended-news/Gemini-Ganesan-On-screen-Romancer-and-Off-screen-Casanova/277-224680

• Subversions: Essays on Life and Literature

– newsclick.in/Subversions-Essays-Life-Literature

• Murder of another Pakistani digital media user

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/11/11/press-emblem-campaign-pec-demands-fair-probe-into-murder-of-another-pakistani-digital-media-user/

• The Black Mediterranean: Bodies, Borders and Citizenship

– blackagendareport.com/book-review-black-mediterranean-bodies-borders-and-citizenship

• Havana Biennial is an anti-hegemonic space that privileges the right of art to be shared

– en.granma.cu/cultura/2021-11-11/the-right-of-art-to-exist

• David Lester’s Book “Prophet Against Slavery”

– blackagendareport.com/bar-book-forum-david-lesters-book-prophet-against-slavery

_________________________________________________

email: econenews@gmail.com

blog: eesrilanka.wordpress.com

_________________________________________________

Published by ee ink.

This site is inspired by the dedicated scholarship and work of S.B.D. de Silva, author of "The Political Economy of Underdevelopment"

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