Origins of a Whiter-than-White Civil Service in Sri Lanka

 ‘Before you study the economics, study the economists!

e-Con e-News 17-23 October 2021

There’s jokey anecdote about a visiting delegation from China in the 1980s, who were meeting government officials in Sri Lanka. They were introduced to a ‘Permanent Secretary’ in a powerful Ministry. ‘What in the heavens is a “Permanent Secretary?”’ One Chinese official is supposed to have asked.

     It was then carefully explained how the Sri Lankan government is actually run by unelected permanent bureaucrats from a civil service selected via an examination, while politicians are temporary – they come and they go based on quadrennial elections decided by money. The Chinese official is said to have been highly perplexed and quipped, ‘In China, the politician is permanent!’

• And so it has come to pass that another government, popularly chosen to advance the still incomplete project of nidhahasa, has been buffeted and sabotaged from day one by all manner of external and internal manipulations and crises. The most feeble attempts to invest in any modern industrial policy keep being thwarted. For how long will this ongoing coup d’état since 1948 keep going?

     Merchants and moneylenders linked to US, English, Euro, Indian & Japanese multinationals, continue to hold the country and its politicians hostage. Politicians appear mere part-timer actors in a fulltime game called the state run by a permanent civil service.

     While politicians are maligned in the media, there tends to be high praise for so-called ‘independent’ bureaucrats who, we’re told, are just trying to do their job, free of partisan colorations. The truth is however far distant from the current reality. Civil servants are a product of an old, corrupt, white colonial education system dedicated to reproducing an unjust class system. The media as well.

     ee continues to ponder the links between top government officials and multinationals. We excerpt from W. Andradi’s book, Sri Lankan Subordinates of the British, the class and imperialist origins of the permanent bureaucracy that runs the country. Other sections of his interesting book, detail how corrupt the inherited colonial import-export plantation system always has been, despite claims otherwise (see Random Notes & ee Focus).

• Ominous & Eerie is the silence of Unilever & Ceylon Tobacco in the acrimonious media clamor against the ban on carcinogenic agro-chemicals. Unilever and Ceylon Tobacco are humongous global players in the fertilizer and chemical business and the control of advertising-bribed media. Thus, we only hear from ‘distinguished professors’, pouring out of a decaying woodwork like white ants fleeing pesticides, raging about how ‘dangerous’ it is to promote organic agriculture!

      Last week ee reported the domination of the media (including so-called social media) and the advertising business by multinational banks & corporations, led by Unilever, Ceylon Tobacco Co., etc.

     ee has long recorded the establishment, and the goals of the League of Multinational Corporations in Sri Lanka (ee 14 Feb 2020). These MNCs are the largest importers of chemicals (‘toilet preparations’ anyone?) here. They lead the ongoing coup to overturn a popularly elected government.

• White countries are waging overt and covert wars on East Africa, Myanmar, China. Unlike our leaders, the targeted East African and Myanmari leaders do not have secret bank accounts in the white world. So those leaders cannot be whitemailed and made to submit to demands to sell their resources to them! Hence, the US & EU are moving to take away any trade privileges these countries, they’re waging war on, may still have (Random Notes).

The JVP & FSP claim they support Cuba, Venezuela, etc. Yet Venezuela and Cuba support China as a socialist country! However, the JVP and FSP call China ‘imperialist’! The JVP and FSP also equate China with ‘American’ imperialism. Yet Cuba & Venezuela are also American! (Random Notes)

• Drug importer Hemas bribes media editors to promote stories that headline they’re producing pharmaceuticals locally. Yet, they have no such plans. All their chemicals and machines are imported! Such stories about local production are also to make government ministers happy, Hemas tells their media agencies. Yet Hemas like the rest of our merchants and moneylenders remain major importers. They, like our economists, act as if they have absolutely no idea what industrial (machine-making) production really is.

     Hemas and other top corporate officials have been included in a ‘reconstituted’ Monetary Policy Consultative Committee. This means they will prevent investment in any industrial policy. ee wryly notes the absence of peasants or workers on such august bodies that supposedly advise the Central Bank. No doubt the exclusive inclusion of such corporate persons is to emphasize the CB’s ‘independence’ from democratic control, as constantly demanded by our brain-dead economists.(ee Economy).

 • Much-touted Colombo University Economics Professor and weekly Sunday Times columnist Srimal Abeyratne will not educate himself on what he speaks of. He is quoted in this week’s Daily Mirror, saying: ‘We haven’t improved our investment climate, especially when comparing it with neighbouring countries. India is one of the top foreign direct investment countries in the world, but Sri Lanka hasn’t progressed because our investment climate hasn’t improved to win investor confidence.’

     India’s largest foreign investor is from Africa – Mauritius, an Indian-settler controlled country! It is a notorious tax hideout (see Random Notes). Also recall, the OECD and other ‘respectable’ economic thinktanks have changed the definition of FDI to include rentier investment! FDI figures no longer register ‘real’ investment in production, manufacturing, or services in foreign lands!

     FDI and the cries against import bans, and the promotion of exports, etc., are constant themes among our corrupt economists. Check out CS Weeraratne’s response to Abeyratne on import substitution – with a calmness ee is simply not capable of (ee Focus).

Contents:

A1. Reader Comments

• Who are today’s D’Oyly’s? • JVP & Anti-China Rhetoric • Tampering Fertilizer

A2. Quotes of the Week

• Imperialist War Mongers Visiting • UNICEF’s Fake Poverty Stats • IPS Influence on Finance • Pandemic of Trillionaires • The Washington Con Census • Defunct Economists

A3. Random Notes

• Mauritius – India’s Tax Hideout • Unilever’s Chemical Overdose • World Bank Recipe for Destroying SL Economy • JVP, FSP & Yankee Doodle Dandy • English MP Murder & War on Africa • US Invasion of Grenada • G20 Do-Nothings • Permanent Bureaucrats • SBD de Silva on Fake Industries in SL

B. ee Focus    

B1 Imports Substitution: the way forward – CS Weeraratna

B2. The First English Fiction in Lanka – 1795

B3. Sri Lanka Subordinates of the British: English-Educated Ceylonese in the Official Life of Ceylon 1865-83, WMDD Andradi

C. News Index

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A1. Reader Comments

ee thanks Readers who send articles of interest. Please excerpt or summarize what is important about any news sent, or your comments, and place any e-link at the end. Email: econenews@gmail.com

• ‘Learnt a lot as usual – thank you. Who are today’s D’Oyly’s?’

• ‘Stiglitz and Sen are of same level, like the JVP’s ‘Americanu’, ‘Cheennu’, & Indianu’ sloganeering? The JVP’s main task is tarnishing the image of China among the Sinhala-speaking public.’

• ‘Someone said Chinese fertilizer samples taken for testing may have been adulterated with bugs to create more problems between SL and China. Nobody to check the checkers?’ (see Random Notes)

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A2. Quotes of the Week_

• ‘Indian Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla’s visit preceded German Defence Attachés (DA) Captain Gerald Koch, Deputy DA Olaf Malchow, Political & Protocol Officer Lt Colonel Jan Cihar, Dharini Daluwatte, accompanied them. Israeli Defence Attaché Colonel Assaf Mahler, French DA Captain Yves Le Corre, French Deputy Head of Mission Aurélien Maillet, French Deputy Defence Attaché Group Capt Norbert Gaine, Navy Commissioner Roberto Lemos, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs Jean Baptiste Toruche and DA’s Assistant, Adjutant Cedric Fournier, 2 Japanese warships, etc.’ (see ee Sovereignty, Diplomatic Forays)

• ‘While only 4.1% of Sri Lankans are officially considered poor, many live on low and insecure incomes. In fact, on LKR500 a day, 71% of Sri Lankans likely find it difficult to meet their basic needs’ – UNICEF

• ‘There are 3 comprehensive reports on the state of Sri Lanka’s economy by 3 different agencies. The Central Bank report for the year before end-April of the following year, the Ministry of Finance Annual Report issued by the middle of the following year, the IPS report on the state of the economy in October, before the Government presents its annual budget for the following year. The Minister of Finance has the advantage of knowing about the economy from an independent source through this report. Besides, IPS has its clientele mostly outside Sri Lanka.’ – ee Economists, Child’s Guide

• ‘The banks and the tech & social media giants that have made trillions out of the pandemic slump are to remain as they are, while 100s of millions globally have been driven into poverty.’ – ee Economists, Shutdown

• ‘The Washington Consensus defined the rules of the game for the global economy for almost a half-century. The term came into vogue in 1989 – the year that Western-style capitalism consolidated its global reach – to describe the battery of fiscal, tax and trade policies being promoted by the IMF and World Bank.’ – ee Economists, Mazzucato

• ‘The ideas of economists and political philosophers, both when they are right and when they are wrong, are more powerful than is commonly understood. Indeed, the world is ruled by little else. Practical men, who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influences, are usually the slaves of some defunct economist.’ – Keynes, ee Economists, New Curriculum

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A3. Random Notes (‘Seeing Number in Chaos’)_

• Mauritius is a favorite centre for Indian companies looking at round-tripping their funds in order to evade payment of tax’ (Thakurta, Thin Dividing Line). After Mauritius, comes India’s next source of FDI: Singapore, which is hiding one of Lanka’s top white-collar criminals – Pamankade Mahendran!

     Of the 10 largest foreign companies investing in India (2000-11), all were registered in Mauritius, including Cairn (who also has ‘interest’ in Mannar Basin), Vodafone, Etisalat, etc. Many ‘investor’ fronts for US, English and Euro ‘development’ banks are also registered in Mauritius. While Sri Lanka’s LOLC, Browns, Hela etc., have intriguing ‘holdings’ in Mauritius too. Abeyratne may be a fan of these companies too, and their ‘exports’ – for they’re building hotels, etc., outside the country. Hotels do not develop a country.

 • Silence on the Lam! Unilever is one of, if not the, largest of companies in the world, processing synthetic chemicals for its soaps, various powders for cleaning and ‘beauty’. Its raw materials are stolen from all corners of the globe, for its ‘Foods & Refreshments, Home Care, and Beauty & Personal Care’. Their incessant demand for vegetable oils and oil seeds, include copra, palm kernels, coconut and palm oil, groundnuts, soyabean, tallow, marine oils, require intensive chemical production and use, plus mining, processors, plantations, crushing factories, refining plants, hardening units, soap & margarine factories, with supplies from paper factories, wood factories, printing works, etc.

     Hard soap-making is a chemical process where fats (compounds of fatty acids & glycerine) react with caustic soda to form soap, releasing glycerine. Glycerine was used, eg, in the tobacco industry as a wetting agent, in the personal-care branch as a basic material in the manufacture of toothpaste and skin cream, and in the textile industry used for fabric, and for making explosives (nitro-glycerine), and gun propellant called cordite. None of this is made in Sri Lanka. They’re all imported here and only packaged here manually, again with imported materials and machines. This is what our beloved economists mean by ‘Made-in-Sri-Lanka’!

• How to Destroy SL – The World Bank’s 4 Priorities to Accelerate Economic Transformation & Poverty Reduction in SL report issued this week, ‘reads like a manual on how to destroy a nation’.

     The key recommendations seem to be: 1. Increase export agriculture (Ah! Ye olde slavish plantations!) 2. Invest in tourism (Yes, sir, no sir, cuppa tea sir!!) 3. Liberalize labor market (this is IMF-speak for weakening extant laws protecting workers). 4. Spend on welfare (i.e., keep bribing, as opposed to innovation, R&D).

     The Sri Lanka Economic Summit 2021 scheduled for 6 December mumbles the same World Bank mantra to reproduce the import-export plantation system – see ee Economists.

     Meanwhile, bank workers’ unions reported this week that bankers are undermining the country’s labor laws – see ee Workers.

• Last week ee reported how the JVP-linked university-based Frontline Socialist Party puts up posters calling for opposition to American, Chinese and Indian imperialism. Outside of exhibiting a politically backward understanding of imperialism, the use of ‘American’ is just as backward as their ignorance of the real world.

     The Americas extend from below the Arctic to above the Antarctic. Cuba’s Radio Havana refers to themselves as the ‘Free Voice of the Americas’ (note the proper plural). Whereas the US government’s international service calls itself ‘Voice of America (VOA)’. VOA broadcasts cannot be printed inside the USA, because the claims they make for themselves would clearly be a joke to US citizens.

     Imperialist policies such as Manifest Destiny, the Munro Doctrine and the Platt Amendment have made US claims on their other American neighbors, eminently clear. Their imperialism is of the white-settler variety that has committed genocide on those lands and elsewhere.

     The FSP and JVP (plus some international ‘experts’ & advisors of capitalist parties) like to claim solidarity with Cuba and Venezuela (maybe even Bolivia). Yet all these countries fully support the People’s Republic of China. As recipients of the vicious largess of Us imperialism, they are quite aware there is simply no compare with China at all. Meanwhile, Indian-allied liberals, poets, politicians and theorists, from Ananda Coomaraswamy to Bharati to Nehru to Pannikar, have declared Sri Lanka a part of India. Only those who have leaped out of the window of history, and have become desperate opportunists, would make such facile equivalences. Down with Yankee Imperialism and their Local Leftist Stooges! – we may justly conclude!

An English MP was assassinated this week, by the son of a former advisor to the Somali PM. The news was also not linked to English and US governments waging war on Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea. The media here also does not mention anyone of this, even though it is just across the pond.

     The US has already sanctioned several East African leaders, including Ethiopia’s PM Abiy Ahmed, and Eritrea’s Defense Minister General Filipos Woldeyohannes. Since neither of them have any foreign assets or secret accounts to seize, US President Biden has been threatening to attack their economies, with more sweeping sanctions. Guess what? Biden is threatening to remove ‘preferential trade arrangements’ (sound familiar?) on October 30, that gives tariff free access to the US market to goods manufactured in ‘Sub-Saharan African nations’. These sanctions will of course mostly hit rural women involved in industry. Meanwhile, US and English corporations, plus the World Bank etc., keep loudmouthing about ‘inclusion’ of women, etc.

• October 25 will mark the 38th anniversary of Operation Urgent Fury – the name of the US invasion of the Caribbean Commonwealth of Grenada. Why did the US invade Grenada? Because it was ‘the threat of a good example’. They threatened to show how even an English-speaking country could go far beyond the crippling restrictions imposed on non-settler colonial economies (like Sri Lanka).

     One of the most fascinating processes that the ruling New Jewel Movement had enacted in Grenada was the popular national budget process. Workplace and neighborhood councils across the country had to declare the resources they had, and what they needed from the government to enable their production goals for the year. The white man simply could not allow such a threat to exist in the Caribbean Sea, which they insist is a US Lake! The US decision to invade was also to divert from having to had to flee Lebanon after 300 white military personnel were killed in an attack on a US and French base.

G20 leaders will gather on October 30-31 to discuss how to ‘overcome the great challenges of today’. They will continue to do nothing, falling back on the outdated assumptions that landed us in our current mess. Our economists keep repeating the same tired panaceas too: Privatize! Deregulate! Liberalize!

In 1798, England’s Secretary of State for the Colonies appointed officers to assist the English Governor of Ceylon to dominate the coastal areas. After they imposed a crown colony in 1802, the Governor was assisted by an advisory council, made up of the Colonial Secretary (to control public services), Chief Justice, Commander of Troops and 2 other civil servants. After the English took over montane Sinhale in 1815, the spy John D’Oyly was appointed English Resident along with a Board of Commissioners (of civil servants), who still had to rule through the old Sinhala system due to continuing armed resistance.

     After massive repression, the Colebrooke-Cameron Commission merged the administration of the coastal provinces and montane Sinhale, and the Ceylon Civil Service was formed in 1833 under the Governor, to assist an unelected Executive Council and Legislative Council. CCS officers included the Colonial Secretary and Colonial Treasurer, with Government Agents to administer each province. The Donoughmore Constitution in 1931 replaced the Legislative Council and the Executive Council, with a largely unelected State Council of Ceylon and its Board of Ministers (with 3 Secretaries – Chief Secretary, Treasury Secretary, Legal Secretary). The Chief Secretary headed public services (with some Ceylonese also then admitted).

     The Soulbury Constitution in 1947 vested ‘power’ in the legislature, overlooking a Public Service Commission that appointed the Ceylon Civil Service, with a Treasury Secretary (now head of the CCS). The most senior CCS officers were appointed as Permanent Secretaries. The major CCS posts were Land Commissioner, Government Agent (nine provinces), Principle Collector of Customs, Registrar General, Registrar of Co-operative Societies, Settlement Officer, Commissioner of Motor Traffic, Director of Land Development, Controller of Immigration and Emigration, etc.

     Cadets, selected through an examination of university graduates, were rotated in districts, in public corporations, and ministries, and also functioned as Magistrates. After the coup of 1962, the government abolished the CCS in 1963, and set up the Ceylon (now, Sri Lanka) Administrative Service. The head of the SLAS is the Secretary to the President. There are 9 Chief Secretaries, one for each of the 9 provinces.

     Permanent Secretaries – now appointed by the President, as recommended by the Public Service Commission – are the top bureaucrats of a government ministry and are responsible for day-to-day functions, while ministers (in theory) only draft policy.  

Further to our discussion last week on Japan’s Lanka Harness affiliate, which economists here proudly proclaim as part of the ‘global supply chain’, here we look at the type of ‘industries’ actually allowed in Sri Lanka, as SBD de Silva explains:

     ‘That symbiosis between the imperialist centre and the colonial periphery which is based on the relocation of labor-intensive industries arises from the uneven development of technology. The technological lag, symbolized in Landes’s remark that it takes as much time to shave a man as it did 100 years ago, exists in the services trades as well as in certain forms of manufacturing production.

     Their viability is threatened both by rising wage rates and by the nature of their labor process – monotonous, fatiguing, uncongenial and harmful to the workers’ nervous equilibrium. In the electronics components industry, the introduction of the silicon chip is a serious health hazard to the workers.

     Labor in developed countries is unwilling to take on such work. Another aspect of this problem is the high rates of absenteeism & job dissatisfaction which has been very pronounced in the motor car industry, and has resulted in the proliferation of assembly plants in the periphery.

     The contradiction between low labor productivity and the level of wages can be resolved in 3 ways:

1. By a change in consumption patterns occupations with low production are made redundant: eg, live singers are replaced by taped music, and there is use of throw-away paper plates, cups, serviettes, etc.

     2. Production activities whose qualities the machine cannot replicate gain an extended lease of life by the presence of migrants & ethnic outgroups working for low wages and under substandard conditions. In the capital cities of Europe workers from Southern Europe, Africa and Asia sweep the streets, collect garbage or are employed in grimy jobs, cleaning furnaces and scraping filth off heavy machinery. Performing unskilled though absolutely vital work, they are ‘one of the saddest and most perplexing problems of modern capitalism’.

     3. As a measure of last resort industries with low production may be relocated in the periphery, shifting continually from one area of cheap labor to another, not unlike the slash-and-burn system in primitive peasant agriculture. These industries rely on cheap, inevitably non-unionized, female labor amenable to simple repetitive tasks. In the absence of expensive fixed equipment, they are organized on the lines of an international putting-out system. The parent firm provides them with raw materials and components and preempts their output; in the case of the garments industry piece goods cut in America are sent abroad to be sewn (‘assembled’) and then brought back under concessional tariffs that are lower than on apparel manufactured wholly abroad. The output of these industries is made up in the home base into final products, or is sold directly under the parent’s brand name or label as though produced at home.

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B. Special Focus__

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B1. Imports Substitution: The Way Forward – CS Weeraratna

‘I read with interest Professor Sirimal Abeyratne (SA)’s articles related to export-oriented economies, which appeared in the Business Times of Sept 26 and Oct 10. As indicated by SA, during 1956-77 the import substitution eras of Sri Lanka, there were shortages of many essential items, and queues at cooperatives shops. Most of the local products were of low quality. This was the reality of import substitution mostly due to inadequate foreign exchange. Prof SA’s articles took me back to the time when I had to wait in queues to buy a loaf of bread and 2 measures of rice.

     This was mainly due to supply shortages. I had to bring boxes of matches (because of the low quality of the local matches) whenever I returned from abroad. There was local sugarcane jaggery, a very good substitute for sugar. If this state of affairs continued even after 1977, we would have developed our local industries, saved sufficient foreign exchange and there would not have been the need for our people to stand in queues for milk powder, sugar etc. which we now see in the country.

     When I was a postdoctoral fellow at the International Rice Research Institute, colleagues from India and China told me they will buy items such as motor cars, television sets, fridges, etc., produced in their own countries when they go back. They took the money they saved and bought those items produced in their own countries. Such attitudes paved the way to improve the economies of their countries. Now these countries have billions of foreign exchange in their reserves. In India, until recently even the Prime Minister used to travel in a locally manufactured Hindustani motorcar enabling saving of foreign exchange. Here in Sri Lanka, the authorities spent lavishly the dollars taken on loan and continued to import even things that could have been locally produced (eg, food items) and manufactured resulting in annual trade deficits amounting to ~US$10,000 million over a long period.

     Import substitutionThere’s no country which has absolute export economies. Even countries such as Singapore, Japan etc. need to import items which are not locally available. Singapore used to import water from Malaysia but now they purify waste water and use it for domestic purposes indicating the value of import substitution. In 2020 Singapore exported S$515billion worth of merchandise and imported items valued at S$450 billion. If there was no import substitution, this export value would be more. Items to be exported or imported have to be decided case by case. Several examples could be given of such situations. Even in Sri Lanka we export garments but we need to import all the items related to the garment industry. If at least some of these items are manufactured locally our import expenditure can be reduced and more dollars would be available for the import of essential items such as medicine. In fact, the State Pharmaceuticals Corporation of Sri Lanka manufactures some medicines substituting imports.

     If we continue to resort to import substitution, we could be self-sufficient in many food items eg, milk, sugar, cereals, lentils etc., which we now spend around Rs300billion every year. When I was at the Sugarcane Research Institute, we manufactured sugarcane jaggery, for which there was a good demand. It was a good substitute for sugar during the import substitution era of 1956-77. This practice was not continued and the governments imported sugar spending nearly Rs40bn a year. Now we have come to a stage where we do not have adequate foreign exchange even to import medicine, fuel, and some other items which are critically important. In such situations should not we go for import substitution?

     We do not appear to have policies appropriate to the situation… There are good substitutes for imported milk powder and sugar, the prices of which were increased a few days ago. The Government appears to have not taken adequate measures to promote the production of these substitutes locally. Kantale sugar factory, which started to operate in 1991, remains closed for nearly 20 years, instead of making sugar. The same thing is applicable to fuel. A few years ago I was a member of a committee appointed by Dr Tissa Vitharana, then minister of Science and Technology, to look into the possibility of using substitutes for fuel. We recommended the use of ethyl alcohol and Jatropha oil as bio-fuels. There are countries which use these as partial substitutes for petrol and diesel respectively. No follow-up action was taken by the subsequent governments to promote these substitutes as bio-fuels.

     Begging for Dollars – Sri Lanka, a country begging for dollars to import medicine, fuel etc., which are critically important, needs to have a flexible policy on exports and imports. Wherever possible we need to produce/ manufacture our requirements, which will enable us to save foreign exchange and reduce poverty. With an increase in demand for such locally produced items, the producers will be able to improve the quality of their products eventually leading to exports. There are many local industries the products of which are exported. These industries started from scratch, but developed to obtain foreign orders.

     Sri Lanka has a wide variation in soil & climate with 46 agro-ecological zones, each characterized by specific climate and soils, making it possible for the cultivation of a number of different types of crops which have considerable potential to earn foreign exchange. A program to diversify our exports instead of sticking to our traditional exports such as tea, cinnamon etc is essential. Such exports have a high demand in many countries. (the writer can be reached at csweera@sltnet.lk).

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/business-times/imports-substitution-the-way-forward-458493.html

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B2. The English in Lanka 1795

1794: Just before the English invaded Lanka, they created a new office for Henry Dundas: Secretary of State for War, for the colonies. The Secretary headed England’s War Office, assisted by a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for War, Parliamentary Private Secretary (a Member of Parliament), and Military Secretary (a General).

            In Lanka, Dutch governor Van de Graaff was succeeded by Johan Gerard van Angelbeek (15 July 1794 – 16 Feb 1796). In December, French revolutionaries entered the Netherlands and set up the Batavian Republic. The Hereditary Stadtholder fled to England and was given refuge at Kew.

Trincomalee: the Most Valuable Possession on the Globe

1795: Dutch supporters of France renamed their country the Batavian Republic and set up a new government. The Dutch colonials, as in Lanka, were in a dilemma. If they backed the Republic, they would be attacked by England. If they were loyal to the Statholder, they did not know what England would decide. The English claimed France was scheming to quickly grab the Cape, Java, and Lanka.

• The pro-English Stadtholder, or hereditary Netherlands ruler, had fled to England where he was supposedly persuaded to write letters to Dutch officials in the colonies in February ordering them to cooperate with the English against the French. The English used those forged letters to request Dutch officials in Lanka to hand over Dutch possessions in Lanka to the English for the duration of the war. This is the first example of English fiction in Sri Lanka.

• In May, the Dutch allied with the French, and warred with England. England seized most of the Dutch overseas possessions, including Capetown.

• Patrick Alexander Agnew (in Trinco) was made Military Commander in Ceylon, Aug 1795 – 1 Mar 1796.

• The English captured Cochin from the Dutch. Ordered by English Lord Hobart in Madras (Chennai), a large naval force of the 72nd regiment, as well as battalions and companies from other regiments, in 6 transports accompanied by warships and other vessels were sent to Lanka on 20 July: ‘Trincomalee… is the principal object of your equipment.’ English Prime Minister Pitt was thrilled: ‘The most valuable colonial possession on the globe, as giving to our Indian empire a security which it had not enjoyed from its first establishment.’ It was ‘the finest and most advantageous bay in the whole of India… the equal of which is hardly known, in which a whole fleet may safely ride and remain in tranquility.’ Governor Maitland called it ‘the real key by possession of which alone you can hold naval superiority of India. Its mere geographical position if looked at nearly carries perfect conviction on this head along with it. But when you couple with its situation the periodical winds that blow in this country, when we reflect that no vessel can sail from one side of the Peninsula of India to the other, without coming in sight of it, not a doubt can remain in the mind of any considerate man that it is the sole point in India that can enable you to enjoy the full benefit you ought to derive from your naval power in this Country.’ Trincomalee would soon harbor England’s main fleetbase between Malta & Singapore, and the country itself, a key link in their cable & wireless network, guarding air routes to the Asia Pacific.

• Dutch officials in Lanka heard of the European situation from a despatch from Tuticorin. Colombo instructed the weak Dutch garrisons in Jaffna and Tuticorin to feign ignorance of the situation, and failing to hold off an attack, take stock of the VOC’s effects, and withdraw to Colombo. Colombo, Galle and Trincomalee were not to give in. Malay companies at Mannar and the Vanni were ordered to Colombo and Trinco. July 25: The English enclosed the Statholder’s letter along with a letter from Lord Hobart stating, the Dutch should permit a temporary English occupation of Lanka, to be held in trust until peace restored the 1787 Dutch Constitution. The Colombo Dutch Council’s coffers were empty, they also knew that VOC activity was at a standstill, no supplies from Batavia would arrive, and their rice supply from Batticaloa was only good for 5 months, yet they declined the English offer. Aug 3: The English landed north of Trincomalee on. They carried 2 letters asking for the Kandy King’s aid.

• August: The Kandyan king promised the English support against Dutch-held Colombo. The Colombo Dutch Council decided to support the Dutch Republic. The English army under Col James Stuart bombarded Trinco’s Fort Frederick, where 9 companies of 768 Sepoys, Malays, Dutch and European officers and soldiers surrendered, as did those at Fort Ostenburg on Aug 27. Sept 17: With reinforcements from Nagapatnam, English captured Batticaloa where most troops had already fled. Sept 27: English met Kandy King and warned him of the dangerous effects of French revolutionary principles, and asked for a factory in Kandyan territory.

• Landing in Point Pedro, English took Jaffna (Sept 28) as well as posts such as Hammenhiel (Kayts), Pooneryn & Velivettitturai, Mannar (Sept 30), Kalpitiya (Nov 5), Vanni garrisons in Mullaitivu & Kalpitiya (Nov 13).

• Under Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville, Secretary of War for Britain, St Andrews University professor and English spy Hugh Cleghorn (Scottish) was part of an English plan to annex the Dutch colonies in Asia in the event of a French attack on Holland. Cleghorn paid Comte Charles de Meuron in Switzerland to transfer regiment to the English for £5,000, then sailed for India with the Count’s instructions to the Commander of the Regiment in Ceylon, the Count’s brother, Fred De Meuron, captain of Swiss regiments guarding the Dutch. Sept 30: Swiss and German regiments defected from the Dutch. The Meuron Regiment transferred to the English, with plans of Colombo’s defenses and knowledge of Dutch power. The Dutch merchants were unprepared to fight but defended their monopoly for another 5 months, against English intrigue. 1796: The Dutch surrendered.

• The Kandyan king had sent Dumbarala Rala (Megasthanna Adikar) through Jaffna to Madras (Chennai) to negotiate with the English. 12 Oct, the English concluded a preliminary treaty (‘which shall exist as long as the sun and moon shall last’) with the Kandyans, giving the East India Co (EIC) a preferential monopoly. An ‘ambitious courtier’ Pilimatalava, who represented the strongest faction among ‘the oligarchy of Sinhala artistocrats’ that surrounded the Kandyan throne, signed this treaty. The English claimed he wished to expel the Nayakkars from Kandy and establish a Sinhala dynasty. Both the King and the aristocrats were heavily indebted to the Tamil Nayakars. The Sinhala aristocrats did check the absolutism of the King, but were themselves oppressors of the people. Their wide landholdings got them control of the agricultural economy, caste gave them influence, a central administration, wide possibilities for corruption, and control of government machinery gave unrestricted power. Litigants appearing before a chief, who combined executive and judicial power, had to give gifts, with all fines going to the chiefs, who made judgments based on tradition and testimony, with no written laws as such. ‘Terrorism’ and the ‘natural influence’ of their position, confirmed the traditions and customs in their disava and rata. The King tried to check their power by developing the Village Councils – Gansabha (Village Tribunals, where elders of a village met in the amabalama/resthouse or under a popular village tree where villagers congregated, and settled civil or criminal matters such as disputes over boundaries, debts, thefts, quarrels, etc., amicably and without expense, with appeals sent to the District Councils – Ratasabha. This attempt to control the chiefs, presented a ‘spectacle of democratic organs within a despotic state,’ but united the aristocrats against him (Colvin R. de Silva)

• There were complex transactions in property and money among Kandyans, with resolution of disputes based on a general acceptance of chiefs’ sanctions and the appeal to common sense, governed by the general principle of equity. Based on cash, there was a large internal and external trade (with the Maritimes & other countries eg, Maldives, Europe!) based on ‘normal principles of mutually beneficial exchange’. There was widespread trade with the Maritimes, with pepper, cardamom, cinnamon, arecanut, wax and paddy exchanged for salt, saltfish, cloth and arrack, extending to Jaffna, Mannar, Puttalam, Kalutara, Hambantota, Giruvapattu. They also supplemented iron ore supplies from Matale and upcountry, with ore from Kirime in Matara. Produce of the Kandyans was also shipped in dhonies to the Maldives. There was a flourishing trade with the Coromandel coast in arecanut, far superior to that grown in India. The English soon sought to suppress the Kandyan dependence on this trading to force them to capitulate. However, there were numerous trade routes unbeknownst to them. (SBD de Silva)

• The English learned (Oct 15) that the Dutch Anti-Staholderian Party believed English could not spare sufficient force for Colombo, and hoped a French force would occupy them elsewhere in India. Swiss defectors provided other intelligence on how to capture Colombo. Dutch moved troops from Galle to Colombo, which was fortified.

• Kandyan embassy to English in Madras on 27 Oct until Feb.

• The English believed a  defensive alliance (November) between the French and Dutch Republic, would lead to attack on their Asian colonies.

• 20 Dec: A Kandyan General informed the English that supplies and 5,000 soldiers were proceeding to Colombo, and the Kandyan General joined the English in Negombo.

• November, Kandyans promised to provision the English at Trincomalee and Colombo. Those Dutch in Colombo opposing a deal with the English were characterized as ‘violent republicans of the Jacobin party’, and English Madras expected a ‘Jacobin coup d’etat’ in Colombo.

• English military governor set up over those parts claimed by them in Lanka, 1795-98. 1798: Garrison general confined to military affairs. Civil governor appointed with all powers of government, over civil and military.

• Non-Govigama laity and monks combined to effect upasampada (ordination) ceremonies in the lowlands (1772 & 1795). 1799-1813: 5 caste-specific delegations (mainly Salagama, but also Durava & Karava) were allowed to proceed to Myanmar (Burma) and returned with ordained monks.

• Alexander Dalrymple, hydrographer to the East India Company, made England’s Royal Navy’s first hydrographer. Linked to French map maker M D’Apres de Mannevillette, Dalrymple had detailed charts of 11 English vessels to visit Indian Ocean, 1744-76, plus 6 French ships from 1757-77, and documents of 26 English visits, 1699-1780.

• Battle within the English East India Company and in England’s parliament over control of EIC troops in Ceylon and India, and their possible takeover by King.

(excerpts from, A Very Personal Ingrisi History of the World: BigBang to Imperialism, Amoeba to Lenin, Krisantha Sri Bhaggiyadatta)

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B3.SL Subordinates of the British: English-Educated Ceylonese in the Official Life of Ceylon from 1865 to 1883 – WMDD Andradi

(Excerpt from Chapter 1)

The Educational Background – The European colonizers of Ceylon, whether Portuguese, Dutch or English, always required the assistance of a class of local subordinates or coadjutors in their control and administration of the country. Until well into the 19th century, however, this administration was required to do little more than maintain order so as to permit the traditional exploitation of the cinnamon forests and to safeguard the harbours which gave Ceylon its strategic importance. All three foreign powers were content therefore to govern the country through indigenous organs of administration, subject to European supervision from above.

     The position under the Dutch, the immediate predecessors of the English as masters of the Maritime Provinces, has been described thus:

   The Dutch retained the indigenous administrative system which the Portuguese had inherited from the Sinhala kings. Native officialdom consisted of 2 hierarchies which converged at the top. The Chief Native Officers were at the seat of Government. The Mudaliyars of the Korales or districts who were responsible for the native militia had under them the Muhandirams, Aratchies and Kanganies commanding the Lascarins.

   The civil authority was exercised by the Koralas of the districts who were assisted by Atukoralas of pattus or groups of villages and Mayorals in charge of single villages. The separate, though coextensive jurisdiction of the Mudaliyars and Koralas, however, created such friction… that Governor Falk amalgamated the 2 Officers in the hands of the Mudaliyars. (de Silva, CR, Ceylon under the British Occupation I)

     Such local officials were paid no salaries but received grants of land. On the conquest of the Maritime Provinces in 1796, the English inherited this system of administration through traditional local officials. Neither then, nor after the conquest of the Kandyan kingdom in 1815, did they make any immediate changes, for the new Central Provinces too were also administered for a time as of old through the disavas and ratemahatmayas. While the purpose for which the island was held remained unaltered, and its revenues barely sufficed to cover the costs of administration, there was little temptation to make any sweeping innovation.

     From the 1820s onward, however, with the military problems of control of the mountainous interior solved, and English dominance of the Indian Ocean secured, the attempt was made to exploit more fully the resources of Ceylon. From the 1830s the rise of coffee plantations began to transform the economy of the country: ‘In the modernization of Ceylon the expansion of the plantation agriculture was the key factor; it brought into existence practically every salient feature of modern Ceylon’ (de Silva, KM, Social Policy and Missionary Organizations in Ceylon 1840-55).

      The equalization of duties on Ceylon and West Indian coffee, the decline in West Indian production and an increasing demand for coffee in Europe all led to a boom in Ceylon. From 1836 when some 4,000 acres were planted, to 1845 when 37,596 acres were under coffee, there was a positive mania for coffee planting in the island (Mills, LA, Ceylon under British Rule).

     This was checked by a partial collapse of the market in 1847, but coffee recovered and formed the staple product of the island until the end of the period of our study. Within a few decades of the introduction of this new crop, more changes of a fundamental character had taken place than during over 2 centuries of Portuguese and Dutch domination.

     The development of plantation industries did not solely affect the economic fortunes of the country. Their growth, under private enterprise helped to sweep away older traditions of mercantilism and monopoly. Their needs led to physical development, the creation of a road and railway network, and the introduction of medical services. They opened up, with a rather brutal abruptness, Kandyan lands hitherto the least affected by European and market influences. The importation of Indian labour radically altered the social pattern in the highlands. And of course the wealth they generated helped to finance the modernization of the administration that they required. The implementation of the Colebrooke-Cameron Reforms of 1832-33 provided the legal and institutional framework for that modernization (Mendis, GC, Colebrooke-Cameron Papers, I ).   

     Rajakariya, the traditional system of compulsory labour services rendered to the state by the inhabitants was abolished. State monopolies were discarded as injurious to the growth of commerce. The Kandyan provinces, independent under the Portuguese and Dutch and hitherto separately administered by the English conquerors, were incorporated with the Maritime Provinces in a common administrative system. A uniform system of judicial establishment was introduced and a Legislative Council, consisting of 9 official and 6 ‘non-official’ members was created.

     With changes such as these taking place, it was obvious that the older type of official, represented by the chiefs and headmen would no longer prove adequate instruments of English administration. They represented a stage of society that was fast receding. It is true that the English too continued to employ some traditional functionaries such as the headmen for a long time, as will be seen elsewhere. But that was after their powers and functions had been drastically transformed to suit the needs of English administration and government.

     What was on the other hand more significant was the rise of new grades and types of native officials who were to perform new functions while also assuming some of those performed earlier by the headmen. While some clerks for general duties had always been required their numbers now grew and the language they employed changed. New departments were created, with new categories of officers to run them; or old departments such as those of Public Works and the Surveyor-General had their scope radically changed under the new impulses generated by the development of the coffee estates. For all these government departments, local subordinates were required, equipped in many cases with new skills, and while it was mainly for the lower grades that they were largely recruited, in certain branches they were found suited for even the most senior positions.

     Naturally, with the new economic and commercial developments in the urban centres such as Colombo and Galle, and in the estates areas of Kandy, European firms also required natives with a modern education (in 1881 there appears to have been about 2,500 clerks in commercial concerns; how many of them were locals is not known, Ferguson Directory 1883-84). Since this study deals with the English-educated Ceylonese in government service it is not intended to trace these commercial developments, but they must be seen nevertheless as part of the transformation which began in Ceylon in the 1830s.

     As English rule in Ceylon grew away from its first very limited, almost negative objectives, it abandoned the system of indirect rule through traditional native functionaries. It set itself new tasks, calling for specifically European skills, and since English was the language of the administration, calling for a knowledge of English. An English education thus became the passport to many types of government employment, and the local people in official positions came to constitute the core of the English-educated Ceylonese in the country.

     The English East India Company, which took over the Maritime Provinces from the Dutch in 1796, had shown little interest in education. Before the conquest, the Dutch Reformed Church had established schools, which provided an elementary education in the local people, largely for the purpose of spreading Christianity (Gratien, LJ, Government Schools). But as Tennent points out, for some years after the English conquest, attention was but sparingly directed to the extension of either Christianity or education (Tennent, E, History of Christianity in Ceylon). Thus even the Dutch schools fell into neglect till North assumed the governorship in 1798, and revived the Dutch parish schools” (Mendis, GC, Ceylon under the British).

     The first sign of any new thought about education appeared in 1799 when Cordiner, the Chaplain, proposed the establishment of ‘a training school for the sons of Mudaliyars and other chiefs who would supply English-speaking officers to the various Government departments’ (Ruberu, R, Education in the Colonial Era). This suggestion was implemented with the establishment of the Seminary at Wolfendahl, the first English-language school in Colombo.

     Unhappily this and North’s other attempts to revive education floundered on a lack of funds. The Seminary was removed to Hultsdorp and turned into a day school on a modest scale. In 1812 it had 83 Sinhala, 35 Tamil and 40 Burgher boys. (Of the Sinhala boys, 70 were of the Vellala caste, while 5 belonged to the Fisher, 6 to the Chaliya and 2 to the Chando caste. The first was considered the highest caste. Gratiean).  

     While the activities of government were limited, and its resources likewise, its attention to education was likely to be fitful. It was from the missionaries, therefore, that the next impulse to expand education came. The news that the Christian communities in Ceylon were relapsing into Buddhism and Hinduism owing to the neglect of their schools, spurred Wilberforce and the Evangelicals to put pressure upon the Home government to act, and at the same time a number of Protestant missions were established in Ceylon.

     Because of ‘the wide-ranging vision of Carey and his Serampore associates the Baptists were the first to begin a continuing enterprise’ (Latourette, A History of the Expansion of Christianity, VI), but the lead they gave in 1812 was taken up by the Wesleyans in 1814, by the American Mission in Jaffna in 1816, and by the Church Missionary Society in 1818 (Mendis, GC, Ceylon under the British, All these bodies set about establishing schools, most of which were local-language schools in villages).

     Tennent’s belief that, in order to ‘influence the heathen heart, the missionary must commence by awakening the intellect (Tennent, E, History of Christianity in Ceylon) was fully shared by the early missionaries. Copleston, writing very much later on the 3 methods of extending the Church – parochial activity, education and preaching, and visiting among the heathen – said, ‘Measured by the number of Baptisms to which it leads, the method of school is found second to none’ (Church Work in India).

__________________________________________________________

C. News Index______________________________________________

ee News Index provides headlines & links to make sense of the weekly focus of published English ‘business news’ to expose the backwardness of multinational, corporate-controlled ‘local media’:

C1. Sovereignty

(ee is pro-politics, pro-politician, pro-nation-state, anti-corporatist, anti-expert, anti-NGO)

ee Sovereignty news emphasizes sovereignty as economic sovereignty – a strong nation is built on modern (machine-making) industrialization fueled by a producer culture.

• Questionable deal with USA: Government Ally Federation of National Organizations in court

– island.lk/questionable-energy-deal-with-us-firm-govt-ally-complains-to-ciaboc-moves-court/

– island.lk/two-more-petitions-filed-against-sale-of-yugadanavi-shares-to-us-firm/

• Cardinal Ranjith and Gunawansa Thera file for Stay Order on US New Fortress Energy

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Cardinal-Malcolm-Ranjith-and-Elle-Gunawansa-Thera-file-FR/108-222763

– island.lk/prelates-launch-legal-battle-against-new-fortress/

• JVP Leader questions govt. on future of controversial deals with US firm

‘a separate office had been opened and staff appointed for the processing of the tender procedure.’

– island.lk/jvp-leader-questions-govt-on-future-of-controversial-deals-with-us-firm/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/23/akd-raises-concerns-regarding-controversial-lng-deal/

• India’s Shiv Sena movement attempting to create political instability in the country

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/22/malaka-declares-zaharan-not-solely-responsible-there-are-others/

• Wigneswaran wants self-rule for Tamils in North and East

– island.lk/wigneswaran-wants-self-rule-for-tamils-in-north-and-east/

• Erasing the Eelam Victory Part 19D

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/20/erasing-the-eelam-victory-part-19d/

• ‘Diplomatic’ forays into the North and East

‘On October 12, ambassadors from the Netherlands (Tanja Gonggrijp) and Norway (Trine Jøranli Eskedal) visited Batticaloa Mayor, Thiagarajah Saravanabhavan (TNA) and Member of Parliament Rasamanikkam Sanakiyan (TNA), the Sarvodaya Centre in Urani, and Muslim institutions including the Federation of Katttankudy Mosques…The High Commissioner of Canada, David McKinnon, visited Jaffna Mayor Vishvalingam Manivannan, Kilinochchi TNA MP S Sritharan to talk about celebrating LTTE heroes (yes, terrorists), alleged curtailing of provincial council powers (one wonders if they talked about no one caring about PC elections being indefinitely postponed!), Tamil young leaving the country ‘because of the actions of security forces’ (there are young people of all communities leaving Sri Lanka) Gonggrijp and Eskedal in Trincomalee met Eastern Province Governor Anuradha Yahampath and the Naval Commander of the Eastern Province, Rear Admiral Sanjeewa Dias. They also met Rev. Fr. Basil Dunston and some others of the Eastern Human Economic Development Centre.’

– dailymirror.lk/opinion/Diplomatic-forays-into-the-North-and-East/172-222907

• US Ambassador pays farewell call on Foreign Minister

– island.lk/us-ambassador-pays-farewell-call-on-foreign-minister/

• New US Ambassador-designate pledges to make Sri Lanka a vital partner in Indo-Pacific

– ft.lk/opinion/New-US-Ambassador-designate-pledges-to-make-Sri-Lanka-a-vital-partner-in-Indo-Pacific/14-724753

• Indian Army Chief coincides with Malabar exercise in the Bay of Bengal off Visakhapatnam

– island.lk/indo-lanka-relations-the-quad-factor/

• US$.100 million loan by India has no strings attached: Dullas

‘to develop energy sector with no demand to hold Provincial Council elections within this year’

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/US-100-million-loan-by-India-has-no-strings-attached-Dullas/108-222845

• Cabinet paper to declare sea area as highly sensitive marine ecological zone

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Cabinet-paper-to-declare-sea-area-as-highly-sensitive-marine-ecological-zone/108-222750

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/20/discussions-on-india-sl-territorial-waters-dispute-underway/

• Fisheries Minister Douglas Devananda asks why Indian fishermen were not lawfully banned

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Fisheries-Minister-asks-Why-not-Indian-fishermen-prevented-lawfully-in-the-past/108-223068

• Sri Lankan flotilla protests against Indian poaching

– ft.lk/news/Sri-Lankan-flotilla-protests-against-Indian-poaching/56-724584

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/17/sea-rally-in-sri-lanka-demands-implementation-of-laws-against-bottom-trawling/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/18/indian-police-warn-their-fishermen-against-crossing-into-sea-of-sri-lanka/

• SL raises strong objections with India over fishermen row

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/SL-raises-strong-objections-with-India-over-fishermen-row/108-222700

• D.S. Senanayake and The Myth about Defranchising Indian labour

‘of the 14 electorates of the Kandyans, representation was denied to them in seven constituencies and altogether 13 electorates were dominated by Indians’

– dailymirror.lk/news-features/D-S-Senanayake-and-The-myth-about-defranchising-the-Indian-labour/131-222840

• President has Dubious Plans Parts 1& 2– Austin Fernando

– island.lk/bhandaris-13a-to-shringlas-13a/

– island.lk/bhandaris-13a-to-shringlas-13a-2/

• Russian submarines and warship dock in Colombo

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Russian-submarines-and-warship-dock-in-Colombo/108-222667

• New Ambassadors to Italy, Myanmar cleared by HPC

– ft.lk/front-page/New-Ambassadors-to-Italy-Myanmar-cleared-by-HPC/44-724760

• US-SL Swift Water Rescuers in surf drill at Mount

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/19/sl-swift-water-rescuers-in-surf-drill-at-mount/

• England harbouring various terrorists in return for votes and other such favours

– island.lk/when-chickens-come-home/

– island.lk/can-west-defeat-terrorism/

• Insane fury in Tamil politics destroys the TamilsPart 2

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/16/reply-to-wigneswarans-attack-on-prof-g-l-peiris-part-2-insane-fury-in-tamil-politics-destroys-the-tamils/

• Founder of Sevalanka Foundatiom made HiC to Canada

– island.lk/lankan-hc-to-canada-assumes-duties

• NTK Brewing a Dangerous Tamil Nationalist Chauvinism in Tamil Nadu

– newsclick.in/NTK-Brewing-Dangerous-Tamil-Nationalist-Chauvinism-Tamil-Nadu

• Narrative traps in India’s decision-making

‘At the moment, India is having a 15-day military exercise in Alaska, which US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin calls the ‘strategic hotspot’ for the US’ Indo-Pacific operations against China and the Arctic operations against Russia! ‘

– indianpunchline.com/narrative-traps-in-indias-decision-making/

• Bangladesh Violence Against Hindus celebrating Durga Puja….’

– newsclick.in/bangladesh-violence-indian-subcontinent-hard-place-minorities

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/20/please-dont-blame-innocent-bangladesh/

• When Pakistan praises Bangladesh!!!

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/16/when-pakistan-praises-bangladesh/

• Debunking Anti-Chinese Psy Ops: Jesuits, Tavistock and the Battle for the Soul of China

– strategic-culture.org/news/2021/10/18/debunking-anti-chinese-psy-ops-jesuits-tavistock-and-battle-for-soul-china/

• Statement of the Moscow Format Consultations on Afghanistan, Moscow, 20 October 2021

– mid.ru/en/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/4913908

• Moscow meeting of Troika Plus on Afghanistan, Minus USA, is a landmark event

‘The US regretted its inability to take part in the talks on Afghanistan in Moscow this week….of the exclusive Troika Plus (US, China, Russia and Pakistan)’

– indianpunchline.com/reflections-on-events-in-afghanistan-28/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/21/regional-powers-back-aid-for-afghanistan-as-russia-hosts-taliban/

• Taliban is the winner at Moscow conference

– indianpunchline.com/reflections-on-events-in-afghanistan-29/

• Terrorists fostered by the US give legitimacy for US, England & NATO to invade

– dailymirror.lk/opinion/What-happened-in-Afghanistan-under-US-command/172-222909

• How Biden’s Too-Clever-By-Half Iran Strategy Failed

– moonofalabama.org/2021/10/why-bidens-too-clever-by-half-iran-strategy-failed.html

• Biden Demands Ethiopia’s Unconditional Surrender

‘The US has already sanctioned individuals, including Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, and Eritrean Defense Minister General Filipos Woldeyohannes, but neither have foreign assets to seize’

 – blackagendareport.com/biden-demands-ethiopias-unconditional-surrender

• The English Gov’t Exploited Angolan Civil War to Lobby for BP

‘Forget peacekeeping. It’s all about Petrol’

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/18/the-british-government-exploited-the-angolan-civil-war-to-lobby-for-bp-forget-peacekeeping-its-all-about-petrol/

• Cuba expresses solidarity with Bolivia in the face of destabilization attempts

– radiohc.cu/en/noticias/nacionales/274295-cuba-expresses-solidarity-with-bolivia-in-the-face-of-destabilization-attempts

• An Unrealized Political Possibility: Remembering the Grenada Revolution

‘October 25th marks the 38th anniversary of Operation Urgent Fury — the name given to the United States invasion of the Caribbean commonwealth of Grenada’

– blackagendareport.com/unrealized-political-possibility-remembering-grenada-revolution

• The U.S. Flies Alex Saab Out from Cabo Verde Without Court Order or Extradition Treaty

– blackagendareport.com/us-flies-alex-saab-out-cabo-verde-without-court-order-or-extradition-treaty

– radiohc.cu/en/noticias/nacionales/274395-cuba-denounced-the-detention-of-venezuelan-diplomat-in-the-us

• Government of Nicaragua Rejects Interference by the OAS

– blackagendareport.com/government-nicaragua-rejects-interference-oas

• Russia retaliates, suspends NATO military liaison mission from November 1

– indianpunchline.com/biden-gets-predictability-in-russia-ties/

• More Brain Death At NATO

‘When U.S. President Biden called Macron to apologize for the insult Macron gained a statement of U.S. support for an independent European army’

– moonofalabama.org/2021/10/more-brain-death-at-nato.html

• A Company Family: The untold history of Obama and the CIA

– mronline.org/2021/10/07/a-company-family-the-untold-history-of-obama-and-the-cia/

• The Many Crimes of Colin Powell

– blackagendareport.com/many-crimes-colin-powell

• Colin Powell: Iraqis Will ‘not shed tears’ for 2003 Invasion Architect

– blackagendareport.com/colin-powell-iraqis-will-not-shed-tears-2003-invasion-architect

• Alliance between Silicon Valley, the Pentagon and Wall Street.

– newsclick.in/us-foreign-policy-realists-are-finally-rise

________________________________________________________________

C2. Security (the state beyond ‘a pair of handcuffs’, monopolies of legitimate violence)

ee Security section focuses on the state (a pair of handcuffs, which sposedly has the monopoly of legitimate violence), and how the ‘national security’ doctrine is undermined by private interests, with no interest in divulging or fighting the real enemy, whose chief aim is to prevent an industrial renaissance as the basis of a truly independent nation.

• State Ministry of Production, Supply and Regulation of Pharmaceuticals part of drug mafia.

– island.lk/unholy-alliance-ruling-the-roost-in-health-sector-fleecing-people/

• Jayasumana-appointed committee proposes NMRA be brought under Jayasumana

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/news/jayasumana-appointed-committee-proposes-nmra-be-brought-under-jayasumana-458901.html

• Military Simulation SimCentric Technologies Chairman Australian Army’s Adam Easton

– island.lk/simcentric-technologies-receives-iso-certification/

• Practice Drills for Terrorism

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/sunday-times-2/when-peace-is-not-at-peace-with-itself-458700.html

• Cardinal asks why govt. does not hold independent probe into Easter Sunday carnage

– island.lk/cardinal-asks-why-govt-does-not-hold-independent-probe-into-easter-sunday-carnage/

– island.lk/cardinals-battle/

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/22/divisions-among-perpetrators-will-reveal-the-truth-behind-easter-attacks-says-cardinal/

• Public Security Minister testing the waters to check public reaction to provide impunity

– dailymirror.lk/opinion/Violation-of-Fundamental-Rights-and-impunity-EDITORIAL/231-222844

• Bill to amend Code of Criminal Procedure Act: CPA flags implications for safety of detainees

– timesonline.lk/news-online/Bill-to-amend-Code-of-Criminal-Procedure-Act-CPA-flags-potential-implications-for-safety-of-detainees/2-1135593

• Cabinet nod to amend Kandyan Marriage and Divorce Act

– timesonline.lk/news-online/Cabinet-nod-to-amend-Kandyan-Marriage-and-Divorce-Act/2-1135638

• Law and marriage – Law Students Association

– island.lk/law-and-marriage/

• Sri Lanka opposition MP claims police tapped encrypted WhatsApp call

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-opposition-mp-claims-police-tapped-encrypted-whatsapp-call-87227/#modal-one

• 1st Corps of the Sri Lanka Army – Highly Trained and Operationally Elite

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/18/1-corps-of-the-sri-lanka-army-highly-trained-and-operationally-elite/

• The Killing of a Prime Minister

– island.lk/beyond-reasonable-doubt/

• The abolition of the Senate

– island.lk/the-abolition-of-the-senate/

• China tests new space capability with hypersonic missile

 – ft.com/content/ba0a3cde-719b-4040-93cb-a486e1f843fb

• The New Chinese Wonder Weapon Which Likely Isn’t One

– moonofalabama.org/2021/10/the-new-chinese-wonder-weapon-which-likely-isnt-one.html

• Sandhurst’s Sheikhs: Why do so many Gulf royals receive military training in England?

– island.lk/sandhursts-sheikhs-why-do-so-many-gulf-royals-receive-military-training-in-the-uk/

• Drone Whistleblower Thrown in Pen With Terrorists

– blackagendareport.com/drone-whistleblower-thrown-pen-terrorists

• Julian Assange and the Poisoned US Psyche

– blackagendareport.com/julian-assange-and-poisoned-american-psyche

_____________________________________________________________

C3. Economists (Study the Economists before you study the Economics)

ee Economists shows how paid capitalist/academic ‘professionals’ confuse (misdefinitions, etc) and divert (with false indices, etc) from the steps needed to achieve a modern industrial country.

• President should appoint a National Planning Committee

‘with nationalist minded experts to work on a program to tackle key economic issues and management of nationally important strategic centres for next 4 years’

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/19/matching-words-with-deeds/

• Imports substitution: The way forward – C.S. Weeraratna

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/business-times/imports-substitution-the-way-forward-458493.html

• Agrarian Markets and Co-operative Challenges: Co-operatives gaining ground in the North

– dailymirror.lk/opinion/Agrarian-Markets-and-Co-operative-Challenges/172-222696

• CBSL ‘Monthly Trade Bulletin’

– cbsl.gov.lk/en/monthly-trade-bulletin

• Sri Lanka Economic Summit 2021 on 6th and 7th December

‘6 sessions on Opportunity to Reset in the New Global Norm, Setting the Macro Foundation for Growth, Public-Private Sector Collaboration in Seizing the Opportunity to Reset, Charting a Path towards a Technology Hub, Resetting the Export Portfolio, New Instruments – Springboard for Exports and Survival to Recovery: Reviving Tourism Inflows’

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/sri-lanka-economic-summit-2021-springboard-for-revival-opportunity-to-reset/

• World Bank’s IFC educates CBSL on financial literacy training programme

‘Under the IFC-DFAT Women in Work programme, IFC officially presented modules to Central Bank Governor Ajith Nivard Cabraal: CBSL Regional Development Department Senior Assistant Director D.M.K.B. Dunuthilaka, CBSL Regional Development Department Deputy Director N.M.M. Damayanthi, CBSL Regional Development Department Additional Director D.L. Nihal, Assistant Governor, In Charge of CBSL Regional Development Department C.N. Wijayasekera, CBSL Regional Development Department Director B.L.J.S. Balasooriya, IFC Sri Lanka and Maldives Acting Country Manager Victor Antonypillai, Australian High Commission Foreign Affairs and Trade Department Second Secretary Development Danielle Cashen, IFC Senior Financial Sector Specialist Rathnija Arandara, IFC Financial Sector Specialist Shanuki Gunasekera, Australian High Commission Foreign Affairs and Trade Department Senior Programme Officer Pubudu Gnanissara

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/IFC-facilitates-financial-literacy-training-programme/273-222928

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/financial-literacy-training-adapting-to-the-new-normal/

• The economic crisis and the crisis of economic thinking – Jayatilleka

‘Sri Lanka’s neoliberals, most conspicuously but not only the economists, just do not know that it is a “post-neoliberal age”’

– island.lk/the-economic-crisis-and-the-crisis-of-economic-thinking/

• Fresh economic thinking and pragmatic policies imperative – Sanderatne

‘Fitch Ratings has downgraded the economy to a cc- level, close to one of insolvency’

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/columns/fresh-economic-thinking-and-pragmatic-policies-imperative-458783.html

• Adoption of price controls is wrong – Abeyratne

– dailymirror.lk/plus/Soaring-cost-of-living-Govt-s-shortsighted-economic-strategies-further-inconveniencing-public/352-222801

– economynext.com/sri-lankas-rising-prices-will-hurt-the-poor-but-price-controls-do-not-work-economist-87243/#modal-one

• Workers & Politicians looted Air India – Abeyratne

‘Sri Lanka has around 400 SOEs’

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/business-times/prodigal-son-returned-458511.html

• Pandemics and Disruptions: Safeguarding Lives and Livelihoods of Sri Lankans’ – IPS

‘Nisha Arunatilake and Bilesha Weeraratne from the IPS with insights from Madhavie Gunawardena, Director, TRCSL and former Commissioner of the Department of Labour, and Kolitha Wickramage, Global Migration Health Research and Epidemiology Coordinator, Migration Health Division, International Organization for Migration (IOM). Ashani Abayasekera from IPS moderated’

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/pandemics-and-disruptions-safeguarding-lives-and-livelihoods-of-sri-lankans/

• A child’s guide to IPS’s ‘State of the Economy 2021’ report – Wijewardena

‘new Governor Cabraal has been gradually dismantling Lakshman-era contractionary policies… But he is still not ready to accept the need for allowing the exchange rate to fall and seeking IMF support.’

– ft.lk/columns/A-child-s-guide-to-IPS-s-State-of-the-Economy-2021-report/4-724542

• Sri Lanka’s rising food prices belies deeper economic issues – Weerakoon

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/22/sri-lankas-rising-food-prices-belies-deeper-economic-issues/

• Verité Research pre-budget forum offers solutions for forex crisis, presents budget proposals

‘Presentations by Executive Director Nishan de Mel, Research Director Deshal de Mel, and Analyst Anushan Kapilan… panel included Shantayanan Devaranjan (Georgetown University), Nandalal Weerasinghe (former Senior Deputy Governor – CBSL) and Mick Moore (Institute of Development Studies – England).’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Verite-Research-pre-budget-forum-offers-solutions-for-forex-crisis-presents-budget-proposals/273-222725

– island.lk/verite-shows-how-lanka-can-achieve-sustainable-debt-dynamics/

• Deconstructing the Central Bank’s Economic Road map: US Advocata & Verité

“The critical lever is going to be how Sri Lanka can regain access to global capital markets…”

– dailymirror.lk/news-features/Deconstructing-the-Central-Banks-Economic-Road-map/131-221845

• German & US Advocata Pre-budget discussion on SL economic stability

‘Justus Lenz, Policy Advisor for Economic and Financial Affairs at the Liberal Institute, the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom’s think tank, will deliver the keynote…

– island.lk/pre-budget-discussion-on-economic-stability/

• High Commiss Rocky Moragoda presents ‘Integrated Country Strategy’ to Finance Minister

– ft.lk/business/High-Commissioner-Moragoda-presents-Integrated-Country-Strategy-to-Finance-Minister/34-724648

• Can Sri Lanka regain its FDI momentum?

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/22/can-sri-lanka-regain-its-fdi-momentum/

• 4 World Bank Priorities to Accelerate Economic Transformation & Poverty Reduction in SL

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/four-priorities-to-accelerate-economic-transformation-and-poverty-reduction-in-sri-lanka/

– worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2021/10/16/accelerating-economic-transformation-and-poverty-reduction-in-sri-lanka

• South Asian economies recover amidst uncertainties: World Bank

‘Latest South Asia Economic Focus titled Shifting Gears: Digitization and Services-Led Development’

– island.lk/south-asian-economies-recover-amidst-uncertainties/

• Chinese Economic Miracle was Based on Ignoring Advice from Central and Eastern Europe

‘The variety of capitalism that the Chinese leadership eventually opted for, the Far Eastern development model, was famously the opposite. State-owned enterprises and large domestic champions from the Japanese keiretsus to the Korean chaebols, as well as Taiwanese and Singaporean corporations, benefited from these soft budget constraints’

– visegradinsight.eu/china-avoiding-post-communist-traps/

• A New Global Economic Consensus – Mariana Mazzucato

– project-syndicate.org/commentary/cornwall-consensus-rebuilding-global-governance-by-mariana-mazzucato-2021-10

• Is It Time for a New Economics Curriculum?

‘Economics is a social science, driven by data and equations. But it is also deeply informed by politics, and economists, who have diverse political views, wrangle over ethical values and also numerical ones….’

– newyorker.com/culture/annals-of-inquiry/is-it-time-for-a-new-economics-curriculum

• Economist Regrets Push To Make China’s Economy More Capitalistic (2019)

– npr.org/2019/08/26/754266259/economist-regrets-push-to-make-chinas-economy-more-capitalistic

• Economists share blame for China’s ‘monstrous’ turn (2019)

– ft.com/content/f10ccb26-a16f-11e9-a282-2df48f366f7d

• Super Imperialism: Economic Strategy of US empire with economist Michael Hudson

‘the financial motivations behind the US new cold war on China and Russia’

– thegrayzone.com/2021/10/19/super-imperialism-economist-michael-hudson/

Shutdown: Adam Tooze is the liberal left’s current favourite historian

‘Tooze moves fluidly from the impact of currency fluctuations to the decimation of institutions–such as health-care systems, schools, and social services–in the name of efficiency….Yet…the US is on the side of the angels along with Western Europe, in defending the ideals of ‘democracy’ against the forces of authoritarian rule from the likes of Russia, China, Turkey etc.’

– thenextrecession.wordpress.com/2021/10/19/shutdown/

• IMF Chief Economist Gita Gopinath to return to Harvard University

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/IMF-Chief-Economist-Gita-Gopinath-to-return-to-Harvard-University/273-222927

• What is the “Global Public-Private Partnership”?

– off-guardian.org/2021/10/20/what-is-the-global-public-private-partnership/

• The Pandora Papers and the Threat to Democracy: The Trust

‘Tax and trust havens such as South Dakota and the English Virgin Islands offer the gold standard’

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/20/the-pandora-papers-and-the-threat-to-democracy/

____________________________________________

C4. Economy (Usually reported in monetary terms)

ee Economy section shows how media usually measures economy by false indices like GDP, etc., in monetary terms, confusing money and capital, constantly calling for privatization, deregulation, moaning about debt & balance of payments, without stating the need for modern industrial production.

• Wimal says the country is not where it should be today

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/22/wimal-says-the-country-is-not-where-it-should-be-today/

• A government looks on while people are being fleeced so savagely?”

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/20/what-is-this-world-coming-to-when-a-government-looks-on-while-the-people-are-being-fleeced-so-savagely

– island.lk/confusion-worse-confounded/

• Private sector was acquiring state assets on the sly: Robbery of SLIIT under Yahapalana rule

– island.lk/cope-chairman-points-out-daylight-robbery-of-sliit-under-yahapalana-rule/

• Sri Lanka national inflation 5.5-pct in Sept 2021, food up 25-pct over two years

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-national-inflation-5-5-pct-in-sept-2021-food-up-25-pct-over-two-years-87229/#modal-one

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-cb-sees-inflation-rising-in-the-near-term-but-rules-out-double-digits-87135/#modal-one

• NCPI-based inflation decreases in September 2021

– island.lk/ncpi-based-inflation-decreases-in-september-2021/

• Reconstitution of the Monetary Policy Consultative Committee

‘chaired by Sunil Lankathilake, Former Deputy Governor of CBSL and Member of the Securities and Exchange Commission of Sri Lanka, Dhamitha Cooke, Stassen Group, Niranjan Dissanayake, Import Section of the Ceylon Chamber of Commerce; Christopher Joshua, Access Engineering PLC, Sunanda Madduma Bandara, Professor of Economics; Ashroff Omar, Brandix Lanka, Ashok Pathirage, Softlogic Group; Dhammika Perera, Vallibel One and Hayleys, Jeyam Perumal, Mainettech Lanka, Kulatunga Rajapaksa, DSI Samson Group; Rusiripala Tennekone, Retired Senior Banker; and Kasturi Chellaraja Wilson, Hemas Holdings’

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/reconstitution-of-the-monetary-policy-consultative-committee

– timesonline.lk/business/CB-reconstitutes-its-Monetary-Policy-Consultative-Committee/10-1135627

• Cash Margins on importing non-essential items removed

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/01/cash-margins-on-importing-non-essential-items-removed/

• Increase in import expenditure outpaces rise in export earnings

– island.lk/increase-in-import-expenditure-outpaces-rise-in-export-earnings

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-imports-top-three-year-high-by-sept-2021-amid-money-printing-87202/#modal-one

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/trade-deficit-exceeds-5-5-billion/

• Government Strapped for Cash – Sunday Times

‘“Why [not] divert some of the monies allocated for development projects to pay the teachers? These funds are being channelled through local council members and appear to be an election stunt ahead of provincial council elections early next year. That is a valid argument put forward by teacher unions,”’

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/business-times/strapped-for-cash-458518.html

• Forex pressure eases – CB

– island.lk/forex-pressure-eases-cb/

• CB directions further dry dollar conversions – Sunday Times

‘many exporters are reluctant to open letters of credit for large transactions, bankers say…If US dollars are coming in as inflows, this dire situation will subside. They are banking on the CB Governor’s impending visit to West Asia to discuss some credit lines etc….’

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/business-times/cb-directions-further-dry-dollar-conversions-458540.html

• Policy measures if GSP+ is reversed: Cabraal

– island.lk/policy-measures-if-gsp-is-reversed-cabraal/

• Sri Lanka Treasuries auction succeeds, yields up, inverted

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-treasuries-auction-succeeds-yields-up-inverted-87176/#modal-one

• T-bill yields could level off in near term: India’s ICRA Lanka

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/T-bill-yields-could-level-off-in-near-term-ICRA-Lanka/273-222939

• Indian credit line alone not sufficient to overcome fuel crisis

– timesonline.lk/news-online/Indian-credit-line-alone-not-sufficient-to-overcome-fuel-crisis/2-1135614#

• CBSL Roadmap fails to win Fitch favour

– ft.lk/front-page/CBSL-Roadmap-fails-to-win-Fitch-favour/44-724770

• SL faces substantial credit risk, default a real possibility – Fitch

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/19/sri-lanka-faces-substantial-credit-risk-default-a-real-possibility-growth-forecast-predicted-at-3-3/

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/sri-lanka-faces-substantial-credit-risk-default-a-real-possibility-fitch/

• Sri Lanka rupee dollar swaps turn negative amid non-credible peg at 203

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-rupee-dollar-swaps-turn-negative-amid-non-credible-peg-at-203-87231/#modal-one

• Cuba addresses pricing illegalities

‘more than 89,000 retail price control actions and around 7,000 in the wholesale sector. 2,880 fines were applied with a total amount of more than 17 million pesos’

– radiohc.cu/en/noticias/nacionales/248969-cuba-addresses-pricing-illegalities

_________________________________________________________________________

C5. Workers (Inadequate Stats, Wasteful Transport, Unmodern Plantations, Services)

ee Workers attempts to correct the massive gaps and disinformation about workers, urban and rural and their representatives (trade unions, etc), and to highlight the need for organized worker power

• Bankers undermining country’s labour laws : Bank unions

‘undue delays by state-owned banks in entering into new collective agreements, which are being renewed for every three years…The CBEU has a membership of 30,000 employees in 18 banks…’

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Labour-Minister-vows-to-take-action-against-labour-rights-violations-in-banking-sector/108-223120

• CPSL pledges solidarity with principals, teachers; condemns threats

– island.lk/cp-pledges-solidarity-with-principals-teachers-condemns-threats/

• Trade Unions representing Teachers and Principals make key demands

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/18/teachers-to-be-or-not-to-be-as-trade-unions-ponder

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/17/futa-condemns-government-approach-to-teachers-issue/

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/news/unions-on-the-streets-schools-on-their-feet-458890.html

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Wont-start-work-on-21-22-will-report-on-Monday-Joint-Alliance/108-222753

– island.lk/tilvin-gives-deft-reply-to-govt-accusation-that-jvp-is-behind-teachers-strike/

– island.lk/think-of-children/

– ft.lk/columns/Check-the-paycheck/4-724698

• Sri Lanka teachers’ strike: minister threatens legal action if teachers disrupt school reopening

‘Podujana Peramuna MP S B Dissanayaka told reporters: “Teachers should come to school and start work. Otherwise we have to defeat and suppress the strike and restart the schools. It has been done in the past. Advanced rich countries such as Singapore have done it. Otherwise they will still be like us.”

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-teachers-strike-minister-threatens-legal-action-if-teachers-disrupt-school-reopening-87137/

• 7% of Sri Lanka’s population is undernourished: FAO

– ft.lk/columns/World-Food-Day-is-today/4-724478

• EPF, ETF lose hundreds of millions by investing in loss-making Laugfs Gas

‘The ETF, notorious for wasteful investments over the years, and now headed by Sriyan de Silva Wijeyeratne, also a board member of Hemas Holdings, has invested in Laugfs Gas and Laugfs Power’

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/news/epf-etf-lose-hundreds-of-millions-by-investing-in-loss-making-laugfs-gas-458906.html

• Migrant worker remittances grew by 5% in 2020 despite many returnees

‘SL sends 225,000 workers abroad while foreign exchange earnings annually is US$7 billion annually. In 2020, there were only 53,713 registered departures but remittances increased.’

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/business-times/migrant-worker-remittances-grew-by-5-in-2020-despite-many-returnees-458497.html

• Employee demands Rs.1bn damages from Fonterra Brands Lanka

‘the company had deliberately made an attempt to fabricate evidence against the employee.’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Employee-demands-Rs-1bn-damages-from-Fonterra-Brands-Lanka/273-222730

• In Jaffna district, 75% of the perpetrators of child abuse are known to the family

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/plus/the-wolf-in-sheeps-clothing-beware-of-child-grooming-online-458440.html

• Brandix strengthens gender equality focus with support from UNFPA

– island.lk/brandix-strengthens-gender-equality-focus-with-support-from-unfpa/

• JAAF, ILO & World Bank’s IFC to support ‘Better Work’ Initiative

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/jaaf-commits-to-work-with-ilo-ifc-to-support-the-apparel-industry-through-the-better-work-initiative/

• Some child suicides related to mobile phone use

– dailymirror.lk/opinion/Govt-mustnoticeitsdisgruntledyouth-EDITORIAL/231-223006

• Peradeniya and Uva Wellassa Universities promote British Council social enterprise project

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/news/peradeniya-and-uva-wellassa-universities-promote-social-enterprise-458749.html

• U.S. bars Malaysian glove maker Supermax over alleged labour abuses

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/u-s-bars-malaysian-glove-maker-supermax-over-alleged-labour-abuses/

• First Female Head of Japan’s Powerful Labour Union Federation Vows to Empower Women

– newsclick.in/first-female-head-japan-powerful-labour-union-federation-vows-empower-women

• Cuba seeks higher wages and more jobs in the face of economic reform

– radiohc.cu/en/noticias/nacionales/249800-cuba-seeks-higher-wages-and-more-jobs-in-the-face-of-economic-reform

• Postal Banking: Public Banks that Do Not Only Serve the Rich!

– socialistproject.ca/2021/10/postal-banking-public-banks-not-only-serve-the-rich/

• Striketober and the Gig Economy

– socialistproject.ca/2021/10/striketober-and-the-gig-economy/

• US: Why Record Numbers of Workers Are Quitting and Striking

– newsclick.in/US-Why-record-numbers-workers-quitting-striking

• Howard University Sit-in: A Struggle for Democracy at an HBCU

‘“Since 2008, the cost of tuition has nearly doubled while the median household income of working Black families has only decreased’

– blackagendareport.com/howard-university-sit-struggle-democracy-hbcu

_________________________________________________________________________

C6. Agriculture (Robbery of rural home market; Machines, if used, mainly imported)

ee Agriculture emphasizes the failure to industrialize an agriculture that keeps the cultivator impoverished under moneylender and merchant, and the need to develop the rural home market, monetization and commercialization, to produce, rather than import, agricultural machinery.

• Govt. planning to hand over agrochemical trade to two multinational companies: Ex-Governor

– island.lk/govt-planning-to-hand-over-agrochemical-trade-to-two-multinational-companies-ex-governor/

• Serious objections to transfer water from Randenigala to Upper Elahera Canal Project

– island.lk/ncp-and-north-water-availability/

• Producer prices accelerate to near double digits in August

‘The Producer Price Index (PPI) released by the Census and Statistics Department, measures three key economic activities – agriculture, manufacturing and electricity and water supply and provides a forerunner for the higher consumer prices…’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Producer-prices-accelerate-to-near-double-digits-in-August/273-222937v

• Rice Millers’ Assn. urge govt to impose price control

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Rice-Millers-Assn-urge-govt-to-impose-price-control/108-222718

• Chemical fertilizer companies behind protests: Mahindananda

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/17/chemical-fertilizer-companies-behind-protests-mahindananda/

• Federation of University Teachers’ Association on Indian Nano-Nitrogen Fertilizer Imports

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/21/media-statement-by-federation-of-university-teachers-association-futa-action-committee-for-agriculture-on-nano-nitrogen-fertilizer-imported-from-india/

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/21/academics-protests-against-use-of-nanotechnology-for-organic-farming-video/

– island.lk/nitro-raja-magic-fertiliser-arrives/

• Nanofertilizer and Nanotechnology: A quick look

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/18/nanofertilizer-and-nanotechnology-a-quick-look/

• Amidst all the commotion Kandy District declares a surplus of compost output

– island.lk/amidst-all-the-commotion-kandy-district-declares-a-surplus-of-compost-output/

• Presidential Task Force to transform SL with green agriculture

– ft.lk/front-page/Presidential-Task-Force-to-transform-SL-with-green-agriculture/44-724592

– dailymirror.lk/news-features/Presidents-green-agriculture-campaign-co-opts-private-sector/131-222802

• Maha season begins; but farmers are not in the field – Sunday Times

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/news/maha-season-begins-but-farmers-are-not-in-the-field-458876.html

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/19/video-massive-farmer-protests-in-sri-lanka-over-fertilizer-shortage-farmerprotestsl/

• How do we market Sri Lanka globally as a unique country with green socio-economic system

– dailymirror.lk/features/How-do-we-market-Sri-Lanka-globally-as-a-unique-country-with-green-socio-economic-system/185-222721

• Rice cultivation at the beginning of 20th century was entirely organic manure dependent

– island.lk/rice-genetic-improvement-odyssey-of-past-centuries/

• JVP smells rat in payment made for nano nitrogen fertiliser

– island.lk/jvp-smells-rat-in-payment-made-for-nano-nitrogen-fertiliser/

• Amidst farmers’ protests, ministers at BIA to welcome first stock of liquid fertiliser

– island.lk/amidst-farmers-protests-ministers-at-bia-to-welcome-first-stock-of-liquid-fertiliser/

• Harvesting ‘true cinnamon’: The story of the Ceylon spice

– island.lk/harvesting-true-cinnamon-the-story-of-the-ceylon-spice/

• #GarlicScam : Businessman’s son arrested for possession of stolen goods

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/23/garlicscam-businessmans-son-arrested-for-possession-of-stolen-goods/

• Sugar importers lobby request finance ministry to remove control price

– dailymirror.lk/latest_news/Sugar-importers-request-finance-ministry-to-remove-control-price/342-222821

 • Planters’ Association commends govt. on fertilizer decision

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/PA-commends-govt-on-fertilizer-decision-requests-urgent-action-to-ensure-industry-continuity/273-222726

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/business-times/fertiliser-for-tea-in-6-8-weeks-458534.html

• Land mismanagement continues to produce hunger

‘SL continues to hold one of the lowest positions in 2021 Global Hunger Index of 116 countries.’

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/19/land-mismanagement-continues-to-produce-hunger/

• SL raises strong objections with India over fishermen row

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/SL-raises-strong-objections-with-India-over-fishermen-row/108-222700

• Commander assures Army Cooperation to Farming Communities in the North

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/18/commander-assures-army-cooperation-to-farming-communities-in-the-north/

• The MILCO Story: How a software business analyst is transforming a state-owned dairy icon

– biznomicsmagazine.com/the-milco-story/

• The need for an increase in the price of milk powder

– island.lk/the-need-for-an-increase-in-the-price-of-milk-powder/

• Price of egg goes up from Rs. 20 to 21: Poultry Association

‘”We are not asking anything from the government. Instead of that, we request them to exempt the import taxes on soya beans and maize”’

– dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/Price-of-egg-goes-up-from-Rs-20-to-21-Poultry-Association/108-222771

• That ban on cattle slaughter

– island.lk/bans-and-hypocrisy/

• China’s example in biodiversity protection worth learning: leading SL conservation advocate

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/20/chinas-example-in-biodiversity-protection-worth-learning-leading-sri-lankan-conservation-advocate/

• Sri Lankan scientist hails biodiversity of China’s Yunnan province, eyes future cooperation

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/22/sri-lankan-scientist-hails-biodiversity-of-chinas-yunnan-province-eyes-future-cooperation/

• When did Humans First Use Tobacco? New Study Suggests it Could be 12,000 Years Ago

– newsclick.in/when-humans-first-use-tobacc-new-study-suggests-12000-years-ago

_____________________________________________________________________

C7. Industry (False definitions, anti-industrial sermons, rentier/entrepreneur, etc)

ee Industry notes the ignorance about industrialization (versus handicraft and manufacture), the dependence on importing foreign machinery, the need to make machines that make machines, build a producer culture. False definitions of industry, entrepreneur, etc, abound, and the need for a holistic political, economic and military strategy to overcome domination by merchants and moneylenders.

• President rejects request from Govt-allied parties to discuss US New Fortress Energy Pact

– adaderana.lk/news/77781/president-rejects-request-from-govts-allied-parties

• Govt. to pump more debt to keep fuel flowing

– ft.lk/top-story/Govt-to-pump-more-debt-to-keep-fuel-flowing/26-724775

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-preparing-agreements-for-us3-6bn-for-oman-credit-line-amid-money-printing-87244/#modal-one

• ‘LIOC increases prices to cut down losses at CPC’s expense’

– island.lk/lioc-increases-prices-to-cut-down-losses-at-cpcs-expense/

• India Oil Co. to increase SL Diesel and Petrol prices by Rs.5

– dailymirror.lk/latest_news/LIOC-to-increase-Diesel-and-Petrol-prices-by-Rs-5/342-222998

– island.lk/lanka-ioc-increases-diesel-and-petrol-prices/

• JSS complains CPC charged exorbitantly at Trinco to unload fuel unlike LIOC

– island.lk/jss-complains-cpc-charged-exorbitantly-at-trinco-to-unload-fuel-unlike-lioc/

• No fuel shortage, long queues due to media rumours: CPC’s trade union

– dailymirror.lk/latest_news/No-fuel-shortage-long-queues-due-to-rumours-CPCs-trade-union/342-222990

• Shift to kerosene due to mounting LPG costs

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/business-times/shift-to-kerosene-due-to-mounting-lpg-costs-458556.html

• $2.5 b controversial deal in the pipeline for CPC funding

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/business-times/2-5-b-controversial-deal-in-the-pipeline-for-cpc-funding-458550.html

• No bidders: Dollar crunch hits spot tenders for Lakvijaya coal power plant in Norochcholai

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/news/no-bidders-dollar-crunch-hits-spot-tenders-for-coal-458904.html

• The global energy crisis

– island.lk/the-global-energy-crisis/

• Fuel crisis: Supplies can be guaranteed only till January – Minister

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/news/fuel-crisis-supplies-can-be-guaranteed-only-till-january-458908.html

• China offers to invest USD 800 million in renewable energy projects in Sri Lanka

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/21/china-offers-to-invest-usd-800-million-in-renewable-energy-projects-in-sri-lanka/

– ft.lk/front-page/Chinese-firm-offers-to-invest-800-m-for-renewable-energy-projects-in-Sri-Lanka/44-724766

• Mannar wind power project

– island.lk/running-against-the-wind-remembering-engineer-lalith-vidanapathirana/

• Sri Lanka to remove heavy industry monopoly in Trincomalee port

‘At the moment Tokyo Cement has grinding plants in Trincomallee, and Singapore-based Prima has a wheat flour mill’

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-to-remove-heavy-industry-monopoly-in-trincomalee-port-87193/#modal-one

– timesonline.lk/news-online/Govt-to-remove-restrictions-on-heavy-industries-in-harbours-to-attract-investors-to-Trincomalee-Port/2-1135633

• Why are contractors losing? – Ceylon Institute of Builders

‘volatility of construction material prices has wreaked havoc on construction budgets and caused many disputes between clients, general contractors, subcontractors and material suppliers’

– ft.lk/columns/Why-are-contractors-losing/4-724699

• Central Bank urged to save collapsing local industries

‘most bank loans given to big coporates…in other countries over 50% of total loans were made available to micro, small and medium industries…in Sri Lanka approximately 15%…’

– island.lk/central-bank-urged-to-save-collapsing-local-industries/

• Controversy looms over ADB-funded Rs. 85 billion tunnel project for bypassing protocols

‘a 98-km network of canals and tunnels are to take water from Moragahakanda to Mahakandarawa wewa’

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/news/controversy-looms-over-adb-funded-rs-85-billion-tunnel-project-458899.html

• CHEC to construct, operate 4-lane New Kelani Bridge to Athurugiriya elevated highway

– ft.lk/front-page/CHEC-to-construct-operate-4-lane-New-Kelani-Bridge-to-Athurugiriya-elevated-highway/44-724711

• Shake off the shock to the system, rethink the SME ecosystem

‘99% of all business establishments are micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs)… The Annual Survey of Industries 2018 (ASI) covers 28 industry sectors, of which manufacturing comprises 91 per cent. Food processing and apparel are the largest in terms of output (LKR 1.48 and LKR 1.1 trillion respectively in 2017) and employment (333,000 and 730,000). These numbers, however, include micro-enterprises, which are a significant fraction.’

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/shake-off-the-shock-to-the-system-rethink-the-sme-ecosystem/

• Access Engineering opens SL’s largest asphalt manufacturing plant in Matugama

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Access-Engineering-opens-SLs-largest-asphalt-manufacturing-plant-in-Matugama/273-223119

• Cuba to help SL to develop medicines from ’Murunga’

– dailymirror.lk/latest_news/Cuba-to-help-SL-to-develop-medicines-from-Murunga/342-222896

• Young Sri Lankan invents pill manufacturing machine

– dailymirror.lk/news-features/Young-Sri-Lankan-invents-pill-manufacturing-machine/131-222804

• Long remembered for promoting native remedies in combating cancer: Cynthia Jayasuriya

– island.lk/shell-be-long-remembered-for-promoting-native-remedies-in-combating-cancer/

• US provides additional $2.5 Million for COVID-19 assistance in Sri Lanka

‘provide cold chain support for the Pfizer vaccine,’

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/21/us-provides-additional-2-5-million-for-urgent-covid-19-assistance-in-sri-lanka/

• Germany’s Freudenberg-owned Chem-Trend highly successful in SL

– island.lk/chem-trend-celebrates-a-decade-of-success-in-sri-lanka/

• Large export orders in September for textile and wearing apparel sector products– CBSL

– island.lk/a-large-number-of-export-orders-in-september-for-textile-and-wearing-apparel-sector-products-cbsl/

• SLASSCOM launches foundation to nurture technology inclusivity

‘SLASSCOM was supported by Metatechno Lanka, 24/7 Techies, Yaala Labs, ShipXpress – Kaleris Co., Swivel Group, PWC Sri Lanka, Intervest and Patrick Rode, an individual contributor’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/SLASSCOM-launches-foundation-to-nurture-technology-inclusivity/273-222722

– ft.lk/business/SLASSCOM-launches-SLASSCOM-Foundation/34-724748

• Money laundering: Jacqueline skips probe agency’s summons again, then appears…

– island.lk/money-laundering-jacqueline-skips-probe-agencys-summons-again/

– island.lk/jacqueline-appears-before-indian-enforcement-directorate-to-give-evidence-in-money-laundering-case/

• ‘Air India privatisation for Tata will boost aviation sector’ – PM Modi

– island.lk/air-india-privatisation-will-boost-aviation-sector/

– ft.lk/columns/Tata-regains-control-of-Air-India/4-724632

• MTI advises Pakistan on WTO agreement under USAID to liberalize Information Technology

‘The Pakistan-Regional Economic Integration Activity (PREIA) is a USAID funded activity/project… experts include Rohan Samarajiva (former Chair of ICTA), Reshan Dewapura (former CEO of ICTA) and Anushka Wijesinha (International Trade Competitiveness Specialist)….said Hilmy Cader, CEO of MTI Consulting.’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/MTI-advices-Pakistan-on-WTO-agreement-taps-into-SL-expert-panel/273-222724

• Dubai-based manufacturing company using Oil-Rich Guyana as regional springboard

– oilnow.gy/featured/dubai-based-manufacturing-company-using-guyana-as-regional-springboard/

• Taikonauts, Wang Hu and the Elephant from heaven

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/taikonauts-wang-hu-and-the-elephant-from-heaven/

______________________________________________________________________

C8. Finance (Making money from money, banks, lack of investment in modernity)

ee Finance tracks the effects of financialization, the curious role of ratings agencies, false indices, etc., and the rule of moneylenders, preventing investment in modern production.

• Reasons for a High-Risk Banking Market in Sri Lanka

‘The Central Bank of Sri Lanka issued banking licenses when they were not needed. Sri Lanka needed to encourage merging banks to establish a large bank for holding assets…many government finance organizations were allowed for lending businesses…Why was the National Savings Bank given authority to perform trading bank functions…An NSB executive in a trading bank had an interest’

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/17/what-are-the-reasons-for-a-high-risk-banking-market-in-sri-lanka/

• Central Bank to increase single shareholder limit of banks

‘LOLC has around 25% of voting shares in Seylan Bank and 44% of non-voting and JKH has 30% of voting shares in NTB and 50% of non-voting. The US-based global private investment firm TPG affiliate Culture Financial Holdings bought a 70% stake in Union Bank (UB) in 2014 for US$ 117 million. In 2017 Amana Bank’s fourth-largest shareholder— Islamic Development Bank let AB own up to 29.99% of voting shares in concert with IB Growth Fund (Labuan) LLP’

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/business-times/central-bank-to-increase-single-shareholder-limit-of-banks-458506.html

• SEC to monitor stocks related social media activity

‘All 10 top gainers on the CSE on October 5 were hotels – 2 days later 8 of the top 10 losers on CSE were also hotel shares’

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/business-times/sec-to-monitor-stocks-related-social-media-activity-458525.html

• Ideal Finance further ramps up branch network in rapid expansion drive

‘ts lending portfolio consists of gold loans, SME loans, personal loans, leasing facilities for motor cars, three wheelers, agriculture vehicles and commercial vehicles’

– island.lk/ideal-finance-further-ramps-up-branch-network-in-rapid-expansion-drive

• Sri Lanka stock index hit fresh peak on CLC speculative trading, earning hopes

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-stock-index-hit-fresh-peak-on-clc-speculative-trading-earning-hopes-87185/#modal-one

• BOC signs with LankaClear to be settlement bank for USD Online & USD Draft System

‘Among Sri Lanka’s registered commercial banks, 13 members participate in US dollar online payment systems while 22 members participate in UITS….BOC takes on the critical role of being the settlement bank for both systems, which was previously held by Sampath Bank PLC since 2006.

– dailymirror.lk/financial-news/BOC-signs-agreement-with-LankaClear-to-be-settlement-bank-for-USD-Online-and-USD-Draft-System/265-222736

• SANASA General Insurance appoints Yamuna Kelaniyan Godage as Consultant

‘She was attached to Allianz Insurance Lanka as an Assistant General Manager STP and Motor Underwriting.’

– dailymirror.lk/financial-news/SANASA-General-Insurance-appoints-Yamuna-Kelaniyan-Godage-as-Consultant/265-222735

• CSE approves Rs. 1 b Sarvodaya Development Finance IPO

‘Financial advisors and managers to the IPO is NDB Investment Bank’

– ft.lk/front-page/CSE-approves-Rs-1-b-Sarvodaya-Development-Finance-IPO/44-724714

• Union Bank Finance raises Rs. 2 b via Rights

– ft.lk/front-page/UB-Finance-raises-Rs-2-b-via-Rights/44-724650

• First Capital Treasuries PLC announces upcoming IPO

‘FCT is a subsidiary of First Capital Holdings PLC, a member of the Janashakthi Group’

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/first-capital-treasuries-plc-announces-upcoming-ipo/

• Trustee of SL Hindu charities and temples has shell companies and trusts offshore

– island.lk/pandora-papers-4-more-countries-begin-probes-into-alleged-offshore-secret-wealth-of-elites/

• Pandora Papers disclosure: Int’l cooperation essential to hold wrongdoers accountable – TISL

– island.lk/pandora-papers-disclosure-intl-cooperation-essential-to-hold-wrongdoers-accountable-tisl/

• Ownership of offshore holding companies is not illegal in most countries including Sri Lanka

– island.lk/will-exposes-become-fish-wrappers/

• Casinos are not for salaried people, they are for people with money to throw away.

– island.lk/heard-at-the-club-ii/

• Sri Lanka CSE links with England’s investor relations certificate program

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-cse-links-with-uk-investor-relations-certificate-program-87228/#modal-one

• SL failing to act fast on climate change could push more into poverty: UNDP

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/SL-failing-to-act-fast-on-climate-change-could-push-more-into-poverty-UNDP/273-223122

• Green-Washed Profits: Exponential Rise in Sustainable Investments

‘Environmental, Social and Governance investing has become a new way to lure customers seeking sustainable investments into the traditional financial world.’

– newsclick.in/green-washed-profits-exponential-rise-sustainable-investments

• The Climate Crisis, Degrowth and a Global Green New Deal – Parts 1,2,3

– socialistproject.ca/2021/10/climate-crisis-degrowth-global-green-new-deal-part1/

– socialistproject.ca/2021/10/climate-crisis-degrowth-global-gnd-part2/

– socialistproject.ca/2021/10/climate-crisis-degrowth-global-gnd-part3/

• Jerome Powell’s “Pants on Fire” Explanation for His $1 Million to $5 Million Stock Sale

– wallstreetonparade.com/2021/10/a-forensic-look-at-jerome-powells-pants-on-fire-explanation-for-his-1-million-to-5-million-stock-sale/

• BlackRock Manages a Big Part of Jerome Powell’s Wealth

– wallstreetonparade.com/2021/10/the-fed-is-subsidizing-the-money-market-funds-operated-by-larry-finks-blackrock-funds-as-blackrock-manages-a-big-part-of-jerome-powells-wealth/

• Federal Reserve Chairman Sold Over a Million Dollars of Stock as the Market Was Tanking

– prospect.org/economy/powell-sold-more-than-million-dollars-of-stock-as-market-was-tanking/

• Another Fed Bank President’s Financial Disclosures Fail the Smell Test

– wallstreetonparade.com/2021/10/another-fed-bank-presidents-financial-disclosures-fail-the-smell-test/

• 5 US Senators Tell Zuckerberg Facebook Can’t Be Trusted and to Back Off His Crypto Plans

– wallstreetonparade.com/2021/10/five-u-s-senators-tell-zuckerberg-that-facebook-cant-be-trusted-and-to-back-off-his-crypto-plans/

___________________________________________________________________________________

C9. Business (Rentierism: money via imports, real-estate, tourism, insurance, fear, privatization)

ee Business focuses on the rentier diversions of the oligarchy, the domination by a merchant mafia, making money from unproductive land sales, tourism, insurance, advertising, etc. – the charade of corporate press releases disguised as ‘news’

• FY21, Hemas Group recorded revenue of Rs. 64.5 billion

– ft.lk/front-page/Hemas-announces-Rs-1-7-b-interim-dividend-payout/44-724590

• Ex-Pack IPO mired in controversy amid industry allegations

‘Lanka Corrugated Carton Manufacturers Association (LCCMA) disputes market leadership claims’

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Ex-Pack-IPO-mired-in-controversy-amid-industry-allegations/273-222728

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/announcement-from-ex-pack/

– ft.lk/front-page/Ex-pack-admits-not-corrugated-market-leader-but-says-no-impact-on-IPO-price/44-724651

– ft.lk/front-page/Corrugated-leader-Ex-pack-s-Rs-700-m-IPO-snapped-up-within-minutes/44-724764

• Rifts over Port City lead to resignations

– newsfirst.lk/2021/10/18/rifts-over-port-city-lead-to-resignations/

• Sri Lanka Ports Authority plans waterfront PPP in Mahara stone quarry

– economynext.com/sri-lanka-ports-authority-plans-waterfront-ppp-in-mahara-stone-quarry-87211/#modal-one

• State Minister of Regional Cooperation Deals in France

‘Met with the French Development Agency owned Proparco as well as Lazard, Eiffel Investment Group, Michelin and Movarc Group….’

– island.lk/sri-lanka-encourages-more-french-investments-to-sri-lanka/

• Cornelius Boersch confident in SL as haven for Global Venture Capitalists and Angel Investors

‘partners with Hatch Works, Lion Ventures, & The Council for Startups, led by Veracity AI Founder Jeevan Gnanam, Hatch Works Co-Founder Nathan Sivagananathan and BOV Capital Ltd. Managing GP Prajeeth Balasubramaniam… Boersch is founder of Mountain Partners AG and Conny & Co. AG.

– ft.lk/business/Dr-Cornelius-Boersch-confident-in-SL-as-haven-for-Global-Venture-Capitalists-and-Angel-Investors/34-724638

– dailymirror.lk/business-news/Top-German-tech-entrepreneur-visits-BOI/273-223121

• Women’s Chamber of Industry & Commerce appoints Anoji De Silva Chairperson 2021/22

‘a Partner at EY Sri Lanka and a Council Member of CA Sri Lanka’

– ft.lk/business/Women-s-Chamber-of-Industry-and-Commerce-appoints-Anoji-De-Silva-as-Chairperson-for-2021-2022/34-724575

• Sri Lanka-Canada Business Council partnerships

‘Daniel Bood is Counsellor for Political & Trade to the Canadian High Commission…

Ong Jhon Seon, Prima Ceylon and Priyantha Padmasiri, Thames International Educational Consultancy were elected as Vice Presidents while Lionel Silva serves as the Immediate Past President. Capt. Gayan Gunawardena, Ceyline Shipping, Jehan Perinpanayagam, Infomate, Harith Jayasuriya, MAC Holdings, Mahesh Kurukulasuriya, McLarens Holdings and Sajith Rajapaksa, Samsons Rubber Products were elected to the Executive Committee’

– bizenglish.adaderana.lk/sri-lanka-canada-business-council-applauded-for-supporting-sri-lankan-and-canadian-business-partnerships/

______________________________________________________

C10. Politics (Anti-parliament discourse, unelected constitution)

ee Politics points to the constant diversions and spectacles and the mercantile and financial forces funding the political actors, of policy hijacked by private interests minus public oversight.

• Nixon’s Cold-War Call On Colombo

– roar.media/english/life/history/nixon-cold-war-callt-colombo

• A Programme better than the Divisional Development Councils Programme of 1970-77

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/20/to-remind-our-leaders-what-we-need-today-a-programme-better-than-the-divisional-development-councils-programme-of-1970-1977/

• Citizens Right to Reject to prevent corrupt entering Parliament

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/16/citizens-right-to-reject-to-prevent-corrupt-entering-parliament/

• When Namal Met a Glum NaMo…

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/20/when-namal-met-namo/

• How and why the TNA was formed twenty years ago

– dailymirror.lk/plus/How-and-why-the-TNA-was-formed-twenty-years-ago/352-223140

• Athuraliye Rathana Thero expelled from party, OPPP tells election chief

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/16/athuraliye-rathana-thero-expelled-from-party-oppp-tells-election-chief/

– island.lk/constitutionality-of-bid-to-remove-mp-monk-can-be-challenged-ec-chairman/

• In defence of the JVP – Devapriya

– island.lk/in-defence-of-the-jvp/

• Inaugural Flight To Kushinagar Cements Eternally Binding Buddhist Indo-Lanka Bond

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/22/inaugural-flight-to-kushinagar-cements-eternally-binding-buddhist-indo-lanka-bond/

• The Great Retrogression and the new Constitution – Jayatilleka

– ft.lk/columns/The-Great-Retrogression-and-the-new-Constitution/4-724630

• CBK had an impulsive streak but was gracious in admitting mistakes

– island.lk/cbk-had-an-impulsive-streak-but-was-gracious-in-admitting-mistakes/

• Rajapaksa Legacy: Then & Now

– ft.lk/columns/The-Rajapaksa-legacy-Then-and-now/4-724613

• Gamini Dissanayake, a supreme politician

– ft.lk/opinion/Gamini-Dissanayake-a-supreme-politician/14-724742

• Why US Democracy Sucks Part 2

 ‘The tension between freedom and equality as being a basic philosophical divide within the USA’

– indica.medium.com/why-american-democracy-sucks-d73f05b51393

• Reading the China Dream

‘Wang Huning (b. 1955) is widely viewed as China’s most powerful intellectual. He has directly served the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee under three successive leaders: Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao, and Xi Jinping’

– readingthechinadream.com/wang-huning-ldquothe-structure-of-chinarsquos-changing-political-culturerdquo.html

• The Triumph and Terror of Wang Huning

– palladiummag.com/2021/10/11/the-triumph-and-terror-of-wang-huning/

• Frederick Douglass on John Brown, 1860

– blackagendareport.com/index.php/speech-frederick-douglass-john-brown-1860

• “Cedric Robinson: The Time of the Black Radical Tradition”

– blackagendareport.com/bar-book-forum-joshua-myers-book-cedric-robinson-time-black-radical-tradition

• Some Musings On ‘Wokeness’

‘What the ‘issues of the day’ are one has to be ‘woke’ about seems to change every few weeks. Before the last U.S. election it was ‘bend your knee’ and ‘defund the police’ which predictably ended with higher police budgets as soon as the liberals had won the elections.’

– moonofalabama.org/2021/10/some-musings-on-wokeness.html

• Putin’s Musings On ‘Wokeness’

– moonofalabama.org/2021/10/putins-musing-about-wokeness.html

__________________________________________________________

C11. Media (Mis/Coverage of economics, technology, science and art)

ee Media shows how corporate media monopoly determines what is news, art, culture, etc. The media is part of the public relations (corporate propaganda) industry. The failure to highlight our priorities, the need to read between the lines. To set new perspectives and priorities.

• Remembering Political Giants : Dr SA Wicks and his Assistant Aadusena

– lankaweb.com/news/items/2021/10/18/remembering-political-giants-dr-sa-wicks-and-his-assistant-aadusena/

• Dissidents and Activists in Sri Lanka from the 1960s-90s

‘A collaboration between owners and custodians, the US Institute for Lankan Studies (AILS), the University of Edinburgh, Princeton University Library, and the South Asia Open Archives…can be viewed at: dpul.princeton.edu/sae_sri_lanka_dissidents

– sundaytimes.lk/211017/plus/now-online-portals-into-our-past-through-the-lens-of-radical-activists-458426.html

• Teledramas versus politically-dominated mundane news: Nadagamkarayo

– island.lk/nadagamkarayo/

• #Pandemic Journalism; there is no otherness, no more – A. Perera

‘foreign correspondents sashayed past their local counterparts as if they were the gold standard of journalism’

• Penal Code amended in line with new Obscene Publications Prohibition Bill

– timesonline.lk/news-online/Penal-Code-amended-in-line-with-new-Obscene-Publications-Prohibition-Bill/2-1135635

• Another Sri Lanka govt MP calls for social media regulation amid online backlash

– economynext.com/another-sri-lanka-govt-mp-calls-for-social-media-regulation-amid-online-backlash-87218/#modal-one

• ‘Killi’ Rajamahendran: One of a kind

– island.lk/killi-rajamahendran-one-of-a-kind/

• An amazing Sri Lankan – ‘the power of one’

– island.lk/an-amazing-sri-lankan-the-power-of-one/

• Memories of archaeologists Paul and Siran Deraniyagala, father and son

– island.lk/memories-of-archaeologists-paul-and-siran-deraniyagala-father-and-son/

• Travellers and traders: Muslims of Sri Lanka

– island.lk/travellers-and-traders-muslims-of-sri-lanka/

Harijan: A Novel

First published in Odia in 1948… Gopinath Mohanty’s Harijan is one of the most original and radical Indian novels of the 20th century.’

– newsclick.in/Harijan-a-novel

• No Magic, No Metaphor: Fredric Jameson on ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude’

– lrb.co.uk/the-paper/v39/n12/fredric-jameson/no-magic-no-metaphor

• Big US Media Censor Yet Another Major News Story on the Fed and Mega Banks It Supervises

– wallstreetonparade.com/2021/10/the-wall-street-journal-and-new-york-times-censor-yet-another-major-news-story-on-the-fed-and-the-mega-banks-it-supervises/

_________________________________________________

email: econenews@gmail.com

blog: eesrilanka.wordpress.com

_________________________________________________

Published by ee ink.

This site is inspired by the dedicated scholarship and work of S.B.D. de Silva, author of "The Political Economy of Underdevelopment"

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